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28 Cards in this Set

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Antony
strong supporter of Caesar, in power while Caesar was away, used power poorly, does not stop assassination, wanted to take down Parthians who supported Brutus and Cassius and wanted revenge
Second Triumvirate
Antony, Octavian, Lepidus
Mutina
Antony besieges Brutus, one of the conspirators, defeated at first by surprise reinforcements, then later Octavian comes to help and is successful/first time he is though of as powerful/equal and proves himself
Battle of Philippi
Brutus and Cassius defeated by Antony and Octavian -- power/governing of regions divided up, Cassius commits suicide after thinking Brutus has failed..later Brutus commits
Proscriptions
Made by Second Triumvirate to kill enemies of them so not assassinated--Cicero, also, replenished Treasury
Battle of Parthia
Antony wanted to bring down, Octavian failed to get troops to him b/c of Pompey---defeated in battles
Antony cont'd
lost battle of Parthia, declared Donations of Alexandria after cutting ties with Octavian, propaganda against Octavian ---civil war, killed in battle of Actium
Donations of Alexandria
Caesarion as rightful heir to Caesar, Antony's twins as kings of Parthia and Libya, Cleopatra as queen of Egypt, threatened Octavian, cut ties
tribune of the plebs
power to veto actions by magistrates, propose and go before senate etc., powers offered to Caesar Augustus--gave much authority
Brutus
civil war between Caesar and Pompey, followed optimates--Pompey, later fights against Octavian and Antony in battle of Philippi---suicide
Sextus Pompey
song of Pompey the great, watched father die by Caesar--opposition, brother killed, he escaped, Misenum, battled triumvirs, Agrippa and Octavian defeated him, later illegally executed
Misenum
between triumvirs and Pompey/Sicily because triumvirs needed to focus on Parthia, didn't last long
Agrippa
close general and son in law to Octavian, Battle of Actium, defeat of Sextus Pompey, tribune of plebs--entry into senate
Treaty of Brundisium
Lepidus in Africa, Octavian in west, Antony in east
Lepidus
Pontifex Maximus, very close to Caesar before death, Second Trium, bad political move allowed Octavian to accuse him of usurping power and rebellion and exile him
triple triumph
3 day celebration of conquest of Illyricum, Battle of Actium, and annexation of Egypt
Marcellus
nephew of Augustus, thought to be successor, married Julia the elder, as Augustus got ill, encouraged him into senate and aedile, but then "poisoned" by Livia so Tiberius would rule? theatre
Caepio and Murena
republican senators who tried to assassinate Augustus because unhappy with his consulship
Marcus Primus
acting governor of Macedonia, illegally went to war against neighboring kingdom of Thrace, indication that Augustus lacked legit authority in provinces
Gaius and Lucius
sons of Agrippa and Julia, jealousy caused them to go to college and become priests, then died at early ages
Drusus and Tiberius
Livia's sons from first marriage, Drusus married someone too imbedded into family to make successor
Maecenas
confidant and political advisor to Octavian, wrote literature, possible candidate for successor
Quinctilius Varus
politician and general under Augustus, married Agrippa's daughter, died in battle of Teutoburg Forest
First Settlement
gave power to Senate, governors of provinces, given title of Aug, princeps, crown hung on door, shield
Perusian
Antony's brother and sister tried to raise army in Perusia to gain power for Antony, defeated, but not killed
Second Settlement
illness, planned on Agrippa, didnt want people to think monarchy, once recovered stepped down as consul, but retained imperium, imperium maius, tribune, armies,
Res Gestae
account of life first person, inscribed on monument, 3 sections: political career, public benefactions, military career, propaganda, makes him seem so good
parts of RG
offices and political honors held, and refused to be rewarded, public works, grain, land, gladiators, OWN MONEY, battles won, alliances made