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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the name of a small microphone that can be easily hidden on a piece of clothing?
lavalier
What is the name of the microphone that a reporter holds onto when performing a stand-up?
handheld
What is the name of the microphone that is generally mounte3d on the front of the camera called and what is its purpose?
shotgun, nat sound
What is the name of the acoustic piece of foam that is put over the microphone to cut down on wind noise when in outdoor use?
wind screen
Where should the talent stand when asking the interviewee the questions?
right next to the camera lens
What is a recorded or electronically produced sound that matches the visual action taking place onscreen called?
sound effect
What is the "noise" of a room, set or location where dialog is recorded during production called?
nat sound
What is the name of the meter on a camera or audio board that indicates the relative loudness of sound?
VU meter
If the camera has an external microphone plugged directly into the XLR inputs of the camera, what selection mode would you choose for audio input on the camera?
mic level
If the camera has an external microphone plugged into a field mixer and then a XLR cable from the mixer plugs directly into the SLR inputs of the camera, what selection mode would you choose for audio input on the camera?
line level
What sould you always wear when working with any form of audio?
head phones
What are the six basic types of questions that should be asked to gather the facts of a story?
who, what, when, where, why, how
Of the six basic questions, which three are the best for getting answers that work well for S.O.T.'s in your project?
why, how, what
When asking an open-ended question, is it better to have the subject continue your sentence OR have the subject respond with a complete sentence paraphrasing your question? Why?
complete sentence so you have a better sound bite
What is its purpose of "over the shoulder shooting"?
makes it seem like the subject is having a conversation w/ the audience
When writing the VO for a package, the lead-in sentence before the SOT should do what?
paraphrase what the SOT is about
What should you ask the MOS to do on camera before or after the interview has been completed?
say and spell first and last name, what's your title?
A light which is generally mounted behind a subject to light the subject's hair and shoulders without illuminating a subject's from side and separates the subject from the background is called what?
backlight
What is the main light on a subject called?
key light
What is the light that decreases the amount of shadows caused by the key light called?
fill light
What are the folding doors that are mounted on the front of a light unit in order to control illumination called?
barn doors
The first shot edited in a package and is typically a Wide Shot (sometimes a Medium Shot) is called what?
establishing shot
List 4 uses for a Close-Up shot?
1. show emotion
2. draw attention to something
3. show detail
4. illustrate a motor skill
What is the name of the shot when the camera is physically moved in closer to the subject or backed out away from the subject along the Z-axis
dolly shot
What is the name of the shot when the camera is physically moving along side the subject along the X-axis
trucking
What are you doing when you swivel/turn the camera ro the right or left (horizontally) from the camera-person's position
panning
What is a group of drawings in a sequential order, which lays out the scene and type of shot being videotaped?
story board
What are four specific aesthetic composition goals a camera operator should look for when setting up a proper MOS interview?
story board
What are four specific aesthetic composition goals a camera operator should look for when setting up a proper MOS interview?
1. head room
2. nose room
3. room for the lower-third
4. relevant background
What is the importance of pressing the record button 5 seconds prior to starting the interview?
so the tape gets up to speed
Before the actual interview starts, what should the interviewer ask the interviewee to do on camera?
1. state and spell first and last name
2. say your title
When composing an interview shot, what portion of the TV screen should the interviewee's eyes be placed?
upper-third
If the camera is on and there is no image what troubleshooting issues should the camera operator look at first on the camera?
1. lens cap
2. iris
What is the first thing you should do with a new tape before it's loaded into the camera's VTR deck?
label it
What is the importance of using a tripod and when should you use one?
to get a steady shot, whenever possible
What are the five adjustments to picture quality that you can make on the Panasonic DVC Pro lens portion of an ENG camera?
focus, iris, back focus, macro zoom, zoom servo
Which of the five adjustments on the lens portion of the camera is used to let light in and out of the camera?
iris
t or f: when an ENG Camera is set to R-Run mode, the time code starts and stops when you activate the record button?
t
Which switch on the ENG camera will allow you to get a brighter picture, but also decreases the quality of the picture?
gain
When shooting indoors, what filter would you use on the ENG Camera?
3200K
How often should you white-balance an ENG camera?
every time your lighting conditions change
Which adjustment on the Lens Portion of the camera controls the amount of Zebras in your shot?
iris
How many filters are on the Panasonic DVC-Pro camera and how many of the are considered outdoor filters?
4, 3
How many filters are on the Panasonic 100B camera and how many of them are considered outdoor filters?
3, 2
What are two specific reasons for pulling the talent away from the background?
1. fit more background
2. create depth of field
Which of the three gain modes on the ENG camera is the standard mode to shoot in?
low gain