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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Human Factors is about people who …. ,
… in ...
work , live , evolve
together
their environment
HP @ aviation is about
… of …. and …. and ….
& optimization of ….
by applying …..
interaction
man / machine / procedures
performance
human science
HP is used to predict the …. with ….
human interaction
new technologies
…. % of commercial hull loss is of human errors
70
CRM
Ask questions
collect data
inquiry
CRM
State open
express concerns
see other opinions
Advocacy
CRM
to workout differences
to decide what's right not who!
conflict management
a process @w others are influenced to achieve a goal
leadership
Group deciding on a more dangerous decision than an individual would do is a ...
risky shift
unwilling to accept conflicting data and to prefer comfortable data
confirmation bias
synergy is when ….. is more than ….
optimal performance of a team
sum of individual performance
error chain/ poor judgment chain is when ….. follows ….
poor decision
another poor decision
GRADE model @ decision making
Gather info
Review
Analyze
Decide & do
Evaluate outcomes
DECIDE model @ decision making
Detect
Estimate
Choose
Identify
Do
Evaluate
LOFT stands for
LIne Oriented Flight Training
LOFT is for … and. ...
self criticism
self examination
Digital instruments are more suitable for ...
Quantitative values
Analogue instruments are more suitable for ...
Qualitative and rate
Cockpit warnings (3 types )
tactile → stick shaker
aural → horn
visual → lights
Illusion of False Horizon occurs when …...
lights and clouds
are @ different angle
Upslope Rwy gives the illusion of being ……
resulting in a …...
too hi
low approach
Down slope Rwy Rwy gives the illusion of being ……
resulting in a …...
too low
hi approach
A wider than usual Rwy gives the illusion of being ….
low
Black Hole effect occurs at …
when there is no … other than ...
night
additional lighting available
approach / Rwy light
Black Hole effect
gives the illusion of being ...
higher than actual
False Climb illusion occurs at …
when ….
night
no visual clues are available
False Climb illusion
… & ... gives the illusion of ….
acceleration & tilt
climbing
Visual Whitening effect gives the illusion of ….
close objects to seem far away
Night(time) visual effect
gives the illusion of …. in term of ….
things seem further away
vertical distance
Night(time) visual effect makes the pilot tend to ….
land earlier
Empty field myopia
also ...
induced near sightedness
Empty field myopia
occurs @ ...
conditions of low visual stimulation
Empty field myopia
eyes are at …….
relaxed focal length
1m
Empty field myopia
prevents ...
good lookout
an illusion occurs when you stare at sth for second and that object will appear to be moving
Visual auto kinesis
Cones are best for … / … / ...
color
detail
day
Rods are best for … / … / ...
gray
peripheral
day and night
Cones have a … light intensity adaptation.
rapid
Rods have a … light intensity adaptation.
slow
the ……. is bcz of Cons being less effective at night that
reduces the the ability to see objects at ….
night blind spot
center of visual field
Spatial Disorientation is related ….. @ ears
which senses …. by ….
vestibular system
movement
semi circular canals
Fatigue is caused by
lack of …, …. and ...
sleep
overwork
stress
Symptoms of Fatigue (3)
impaired judgment
slow response
increased error
BMI formula
Weight (kg) ÷ height ^2
BMI classification
underweight
normal
under 18
18 - 25
BMI classification
overweight
obese
25 - 30
above 30
Rapid decompression is defined in ….
seconds
Explosive decompression is defined in ….
mili seconds
Blood oxygenating requires a ….
@w the …. is more than ….
to …..
pressure gradient
outside pressure
low pressure @ blood
force O2 inside
Hypoxia hazard exits above ….
10,000 ft
Hypoxia symptoms are
slow and progressive
Hypoxia … is slow at low alt
and fast at hi alt
onset
Symptoms of Hypoxia
color chaining
cyanosis (blue)
Symptoms of Hypoxia
…. …. change
apparent personality
Symptoms of Hypoxia
3 impairments
judgment
muscular
memory
Symptoms of Hypoxia
…. loss
sensory
Hypoxia
smoking , illness and more exposure over time increase … and lower ….
O2 demand
hypoxia threshold
TUC
18,000 ft
30 min
TUC
25,000 ft
2-3 min
TUC
30,000 ft
1-2 min
TUC
40,000 ft
20 sec
TUC
45,000
9-15 sec
TSU or ….
to ………….
w.out ……..
time of safe unconsciousness
remain unconscious
risk of brain dmg
Breathing drive depends on … level
CO2
Hyperventilation is caused by …. to ….
heavy over breathing
remove CO2
Symptoms of Hyperventilation
… of lips and fingers
tingling
Symptoms of Hyperventilation
… or … vision
blurred
tunnel
Symptoms of Hyperventilation
cause and effect
anxiety
Symptoms of Hyperventilation
… pain
chest
Symptoms of Hyperventilation
loss of ...
consciousness
Hyperventilation treatment
below ….
... in to ….
10,000 ft
deep breath
paper bag
Hemoglobin has a huge affinity to ...
CO
CO reduces the …. of blood
O2 capability
CO detection
a …. which change color to ...
detection card
black
CO detection
skin color …
from ...
cherry red
from prolonged exposure
CO symptoms
…. breath rate
slow
(or no )
Action @ CO poisoning
shut off …
supply …
put ….
cabin heat
fresh air
O2 mask
Decompression Sickness prevention
less than … deep on comp air
no fly before ….
30 ft
12
small quantity of alcohol
no fly before ...
8 hours
one unit of alcohol takes …. to leave the body
30 min
Blood donation
no fly for ...
24 hours
Aneasthetics
…. hours for general
… hours for local
72
24