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20 Cards in this Set

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built a flourishing city-state, rejected Mail authority, Sunni Ali reigned, dominated Niger Valley, fell when attacked by Moroccan army
Songhay Empire
ruler of Songhay, instituted a hierarchy of command that turned his army into an effective military force, an imperial navy, extended authority to Sahara, Lake Chad and then the capital city of Gao
Sunni Ali
Portuguese’s’ name for the Kingdom of Ndongo
Angola
devout Roman Catholic and sought to convert his subjects, studied Bible and fasted
King Afonso I of Kongo
came from long line of warriors, led spirited resistance against Portuguese forces, aimed to drive Portuguese out of her land, expel the Dutch, and create a central African empire
Queen Nzinga of Ndongo
Muslim who practiced in north Africa and Arabia, led military campaigns to establish Islamic states
Fulani
Muslim merchants sought African slaves for sale and distribution across Mediterranean basin to port cities
Islamic Slave Trade
profitable commerce that undertook voyages of three legs, first started in Europe and was horses and manufactured goods, second was African slaves to Americas, third was American products back to Europe
Triangular Trade
slaves were forced to march to the coast and live in pens until a ship arrived to transport them across the Atlantic aboard terrible conditions
Middle Passage
an American crop brought about in mid-sixteenth century
Manioc
established by Spanish colonies, first was on Hispaniola island, extended to Mexico, provided sugar, tobacco, rice, indigo, cotton, coffee
Planters/plantation
published an autobiography detailing his experiences as a slave, accompanied his master on campaigns of the Seven Years’ War before he became free 1766, lobbied Parliament for anti-slavery movement
Olaudah Equiano
former slave, built strong army for Haitian Revolution on Saint-Dominque, issued constitution that granted equality
Toussaint Louverture
slaves attacked plantations and factories, French, British and Spanish troops intervened
Resistance and revolt: Haitian Revolution
French sugar colony that started a slave revolt, declared Independence from France, renamed as Haiti
Saint Domingue
English philanthropist elected to seat in Parliament, passed a bill to end the slave trade
William Wilberforce
northern victory in Civil War would entail changes in the South, signed by Abraham Lincoln
Emancipation Proclamation
African state that obtained firearms from merchants
Asante
captured slaves from neighboring societies to exchange for weapons
Dahomey
runaway slaves who built their own self-governing communities
Maroons