• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/80

Click to flip

80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Hussite bohemia 1415 - 1436
WHY: execution of Jan Hus by order of the Council of Constance
Jan Hus First Church Reformer.
Had two parts
Utraquists and Taborites
There were Five Crusades that were defeated by the Hussites, due to hand cannons over armored knights.
Utraquism
The moderate faction attributed to Jan Hus for his accepted doctrine meaning in both kinds
Jan Hus
First reformer, inspired by Wycliff and attacked the morals of clergy, episcopate, and papacy from his pulpit
Jan Zelivsky
Priest and radical that led the movement through prague
Taborites
The more radical movement of the Hussite movement, named after Tabor the city
Supported by city's gold
they were communistic-like society
Jan Zizka
Czech General and Hussite leader
Beloved by his troops, they called themselves 'orphans'
The Four articles of Prague
I. The Holy Sacrament is to be given freely in both kinds to all Christians in Bohemia and Moravia, and to those elsewhere who adhere to the faith of these two countries.

2. All mortal sins shall be punished and extirpated by those whose office it is so to do.

3. The word of God is to be freely and truthfully preached by the priests of the Lord, and by worthy deacons.

4. The priests in the time of the law of grace shall claim no ownership of worldly possessions.
Diet of Caslav
At a meeting of the diet at Caslav (June 1, 1421) Sigismund was deposed. It was decided that a Polish prince should be chosen as sovereign
Battle of Lipany
Ended the hussite wars
aka Thermidor of Lipany, greek word meaning hot, after french dubbed after revolt of reign of terror.
Revolutionary alliance System
when the lower allied with the upper strata, the lower being more radical, against a common institutionally superior enemy.
answers how it was able to make an impact.
Martin Luther
Reformists not seen as independant but reformation.
angered by indulgences. ( $ )
SParked by 95 Theses.
faith vs works.
Sola fide
sola grazie
sola scriptura
Diet of Worms
The enforcement of banning the 95 theses, that fell to secular powers. Criminalized luther and all those who helped him
Transubstantiation
catholics
changes in substance but not in sensorial remains as before
Consubstantiation
Lutherans
the substance remains alongside the sensory elements, sacramental union
Memorial Service
Zwingli, Calvin
Thomas Muntzer
reformist, radicalized and politicized the reformation
more of an example of a class struggle.
Anabaptists
re - baptizers, greek for two
born agains, reformers
Huguenots or calvinism
French wars of religion. Protestants. Between the houses of Bourbon, and the house of Guise.
weakened the authority of the monarchs.
revolutionary situation not a revolution. no actual change of major constitutional transformation.
Edict of Nantes
The Edict separated civil from religious unity, treated some Protestants for the first time as more than mere schismatics and heretics
revoked by Lous XIV
Three factions of the Huguenots
Guise: ultra catholic, led by henri de guise
Bourbon: largely protestant, henri Navarre
Valois: royal family untill henri III death catholic but politique
Catherine de Medeci 1559
queen mother to 3 sucessive kings. The Real Valois power.
Conspiracy of Amboise 1560
failed attempt by Huguenots in 1560 to gain power of France by abducting the young king, Francis II and arresting Francis, Duke of Guise and his brother, the Cardinal of Lorraine. It was one of the events directly leading up to the Wars of Religion that divided France from 1562 to 1598.
John Calvin
Protestant reformer, November 1533 he devoted his inaugural address to the need for reform and renewal in the Catholic Church.
Colloquy of Poissy
Its object was to effect a reconciliation between the Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots) of France
Massacre of Vassy
Duke of guise travelling to his estates find a protestant congregation worshiping on his lands, he is struck and kills them
sparked the first war of the french wars of religion.
St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
targeted group of assasinations against the Huguenot, six days after the wedding of Valois and Navarre
Believed to be instigated by Catherine de Medeci
Netherlands Revolt 1566-1609
YES
Complaint or reaction as a Spanish attempt to innovate religious traditions. Not into social side only political. They gain independence of 17 provinces. 80 years war
Started conservative then further suppression by the spanish further radicalizes the people.
The Duke of Alva/ council of Blood 1567
The tribunal of the tumulteous. sentenced many to death. harsh.
the two wars led him to bankruptcy
The Spanish Fury of antwerp
Caused by the bankruptcy, unpaid soldiers. After Elizabeth I seized 400k florins they had no money and attacked center of Dutch commerce
unifying the rebellious provinces. effectively destroyed every accomplishment the Spanish had made in the past 10 years
Union of Arras 1579
southern provinces go back to spain
Union of Utrecht
northern provinces unite to fight on
Oath of Abjuration
northern provinces declare independance.
Charles I 1625-1649
Wanted to rule as an absolute monarch.interference in the English and Scottish Churches and the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent
Conflict with parliament
on money liberty, religion, different perceptions of the english gov't
3 Competing and overlapping views
1. Divine Rights of Kings
2. Government by consent (King and Parliament)
3. The Ancient Constitution (english common law)
Arminianism
Top down ecclesiastical hierarchy.
Responsible for the great migration of puritan separatists from england
Charles I 1625-1649
Wanted to rule as an absolute monarch.interference in the English and Scottish Churches and the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent
Thomas Wentworth (ireland)
Charles right hand man.
Conflict with parliament
on money liberty, religion, different perceptions of the english gov't
The Problem with the three kingdoms
all ruled by same, but with different pending issues.
3 Competing and overlapping views
1. Divine Rights of Kings
2. Government by consent (King and Parliament)
3. The Ancient Constitution (english common law)
Scots rebellion 1630
response to introduction of the new anglican prayer book.
Arminianism
Top down ecclesiastical hierarchy.
Responsible for the great migration of puritan separatists from england
Covenanters
group of presbyterian scots who upheld their established doctrine for their country.
Thomas Wentworth (ireland)
Charles right hand man.
Short parliament
They have not met in 11 years, called to approve for more money to fight the scots rebellion in the north.
The Problem with the three kingdoms
all ruled by same, but with different pending issues.
Long Parliament 1640
Triennial act passed, parliament regularly meets.
Abolition of the star chamber, monarchs arbitrary power.
made illegal to tax without parliament
Scots rebellion 1630
response to introduction of the new anglican prayer book.
Covenanters
group of presbyterian scots who upheld their established doctrine for their country.
Short parliament
They have not met in 11 years, called to approve for more money to fight the scots rebellion in the north.
Long Parliament 1640
Triennial act passed, parliament regularly meets.
Abolition of the star chamber, monarchs arbitrary power.
made illegal to tax without parliament
Irish Rebellion 1641
worst timing for charles.Between native irish catholics and the protestant sttlers. Ethnic
Grand Remonstrance
List of grievences, barely past, difference between royalist and parliamentarians
first step towards the civil war.
Irish Rebellion 1641
worst timing for charles.Between native irish catholics and the protestant sttlers. Ethnic
Attempt on the five members
the prominent five members of hosue of commons, failed attempt to kill.
Grand Remonstrance
List of grievences, barely past, difference between royalist and parliamentarians
first step towards the civil war.
The first Civil war 1642
Battle of edgehill begins, signs that it will not end fast. TIde turns at the Battle of Marston Moor.
Cromwell leads new model army ends it battle of Naseby
Attempt on the five members
the prominent five members of hosue of commons, failed attempt to kill.
The Four bills
Denied by charles
The first Civil war 1642
Battle of edgehill begins, signs that it will not end fast. TIde turns at the Battle of Marston Moor.
Cromwell leads new model army ends it battle of Naseby
THe second civil war
after vote for no address, they fight, Battle of Preston parliament army crushes king and scots.
The Four bills
Denied by charles
Pride's Purge
the removal of members from the long parliament that did not support the grandees of new model military
NMM- centralization and organization is key
THe second civil war
after vote for no address, they fight, Battle of Preston parliament army crushes king and scots.
Rump Parliament
the leftover after the purge
those in charge with king's execution.
Pride's Purge
the removal of members from the long parliament that did not support the grandees of new model military
NMM- centralization and organization is key
1653 Bare bones parliament
after rump dissolved installs a nominated one
Rump Parliament
the leftover after the purge
those in charge with king's execution.
The protectorate
full union of 3 kingdoms, order established by the major generals
Richard succeeds his father but that niggu's weak
1653 Bare bones parliament
after rump dissolved installs a nominated one
The protectorate
full union of 3 kingdoms, order established by the major generals
Richard succeeds his father but that niggu's weak
Restoration 1660
Brings the stuart monarchy back into power. NO standing army, Confirmed trienniel act
Cavalier parliament royalists.
The clarendon code
Corporation act.
act of uniformity
conventicle act
five mile act
Popish plot
was a scare that the king was to be killed and overthrown.
fifteen men were killed
Cueta captured
portuguese 1415
Death of Henry navigator
1460
Treaty of Tordesillas
divided central america intow two side for the spanish and the portuguese.
Cortez aztecs
1519
spanish armada
1588