• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/59

Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ostentatious
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: flashy, showy

Synonyms: boastful, chichi*, classy, conspicuous, crass*, dashing, egotistic, exhibitionistic, extravagant, flamboyant, flatulent, flaunted, fussy, garish, gaudy, gay, glittery, grandiose, highfaluting, jaunty, loud, obtrusive, peacocky, pompous, pretentious, spectacular, splashy, splurgy, sporty, swank, swanky*, theatrical, tinsel, tony, uptown, vain, vulgar
Antonyms: modest, plain, quiet, reserved
saturate
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: drench, wet through

Synonyms: bathe, douche, douse, imbue, immerse, impregnate, infuse, overfill, penetrate, percolate, permeate, pervade, sate, satiate, soak, sop, souse, steep, suffuse, surfeit, transfuse, wash, waterlog
Antonyms: dehydrate, dry
pompous
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: arrogant, egotistic

Synonyms: affected,
bloated, boastful, bombastic, conceited, flatulent, flaunting, flowery, fustian, grandiloquent, grandiose, high and mighty, high-flown, highfaluting, imperious, important, inflated, magisterial, magniloquent, narcissistic, orotund, ostentatious, overbearing, overblown, pontifical, portentous, presumptuous, pretentious, puffed up, puffy, rhetorical, self-centered, self-important, selfish, showy, sonorous, stuck-up, supercilious, turgid, uppity, vain, vainglorious, windy
Antonyms: dull, modest, plain, simple, unassuming
bombast
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: boasting

Synonyms: altiloquence, balderdash, bluster, bombastry, braggadocio, cotton, exaggeration, fustian, gasconade, grandiloquence, grandiosity, magniloquence, pad, padded, pomposity, rage, rant, rave, rhapsody, rhetoric, rodomontade, stuff, stuffed, tumidity, turgidity, tympany
Antonyms: plain speaking
cajole
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: attempt to coax; flatter

Synonyms: apple polish, argue into, banter, beguile, blandish, bootlick, brownnose, build up, butter up, con, crowd, deceive, decoy, delude, dupe, entice, entrap, get around, get next to, hand a line, induce, influence, inveigle, jolly, lay it on thick, lure, make up to, maneuver, massage, mislead, oil, play up to, push, rub the right way, seduce, snow*, soap, soft-soap, soften, spread it on, stroke, suck up to, sweet-talk, sweeten up, tantalize, tempt, urge, wheedle, work on, work over
Antonyms: bully, force, repel
candid
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: honest

Synonyms: aboveboard, bluff, blunt, equal, equitable, fair, forthright, frank, free, frontal, genuine, guileless, impartial, ingenuous, just, objective, open, outspoken, plain, right up front, scrupulous, sincere, straightforward, talking turkey, telling it like it is, truthful, unbiased, uncolored, unequivocal, unprejudiced, unpretended, up front, upright
Antonyms: artful, deceitful, devious, lying, tricky
belittle
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: detract

Synonyms: bad-mouth, blister, criticize, cut down to size, cut to the quick, decry, deprecate, depreciate, deride, derogate, diminish, discount, discredit, disparage, dispraise, downgrade, downplay, dump on, knock*, lower, minimize, pan, pooh pooh, poor mouth, put down, rip*, roast, run down, scoff at, scorch*, scorn, shoot down, shoot full of holes, slam*, smear, sneer at, sour grapes, squash, squelch, take a swipe at, take down, take down a peg, tear down, underestimate, underrate, undervalue, write off
Antonyms: build up, exaggerate, praise, value
capacious
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: ample, extensive

Synonyms: abundant, broad, comfortable, commodious, comprehensive, dilatable, distensible, expandable, expansive, extended, generous, liberal, plentiful, roomy, sizable, spacious, substantial, vast, voluminous, wide
Antonyms: cramped, small, squeezed, tiny
capitulate
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: give in

Synonyms: bow, buckle under, cave in, cede, come across, come to terms, concede, defer, fold, give away the store, give out, give up, knuckle under, put out, relent, submit, succumb, surrender, yield
Notes: recapitulate means to briefly summarize and repeat the main points; capitulate means to surrender under agreed conditions
Antonyms: defend, fight
castigate
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: criticize severely

Synonyms: baste, bawl out, beat, berate, blister, cane, censure, chasten, chastise, chew out, come down on, correct, criticize, discipline, drag over the coals, dress down, drub, excoriate, flay, flog, jump down one's throat, lambaste, lash, lay out, lean on, penalize, pummel, punish, rail, rate, read the riot act, ream, rebuke, reprimand, scarify, scathe, scold, scorch, scourge, thrash, tongue-lash, upbraid, whip
Antonyms: compliment, laud, praise
remorseful
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: guilty, ashamed

Synonyms: apologetic, attritional, chastened, compunctious, conscience-stricken, contrite, guilt-ridden, mournful, penitent, penitential, regretful, repentant, rueful, sad, self-reproachful, sorrowful, sorry
Antonyms: callous, merciless, remorseless, ruthless, unashamed, unmerciful
credulous
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: gullible, naive

Synonyms: accepting, believing, born yesterday, dupable, easy mark, falling for, green, overtrusting, simple, swallow whole, taken in, trustful, trusting, uncritical, unquestioning, unsophisticated, unsuspecting, unsuspicious, unwary
Notes: credible means 'believable' and credulous means 'gullible'
Antonyms: skeptical, suspecting, suspicious, untrusting
copious
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: abundant

Synonyms: a mess of, alive with, ample, aplenty, bounteous, bountiful, coming out of ears, crawling with, extensive, exuberant, full, galore, generous, heavy, lavish, liberal, lush, luxuriant, no end, overflowing, plenteous, plentiful, plenty, profuse, prolix, replete, rich, superabundant, thick with, verbose, wordy
Antonyms: lacking, meager, needing, needy, poor, rare, scarce, wanting
curtail
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: cut short; abridge

Synonyms: abbreviate, boil down, chop, clip, contract, cramp, cut, cut back, decrease, diminish, dock, downsize, get to meat, halt, lessen, lop, minify, pare down, put in nutshell, reduce, retrench, roll back, shorten, slash, trim, truncate
Antonyms: extend, increase, lengthen, prolong
compedious
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: abridged

Synonyms: abbreviated, breviloquent, brief, close, compact, compendiary, comprehensive, concise, condensed, contracted, curt, inclusive, laconic, short, short and sweet, succinct, summarized, summary, synoptic
Antonyms: enlarged, lengthened, unabridged
compound
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: combination,
mixture

Synonyms: admixture, aggregate, alloy, amalgam, amalgamation, blend, combo, commixture, composite, composition, compost, conglomerate, fusion, goulash, medley, mishmash, soup, stew, synthesis, union
compromise
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: agreement, give-and-take

Synonyms: accommodation, accord, adjustment, arrangement, bargain, compact, composition, concession, contract, copout, covenant, deal, fifty-fifty, half and half, half measure, happy medium, mean, middle course, middle ground, pact, sellout, settlement, trade-off, understanding, win-win situation
Antonyms: contest, controversy, difference, disagreement, dispute, dissension, dissent, quarrel
conciliatory
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: placid, yielding

Synonyms: appeasing, assuaging, calm, civil, disarming, irenic, mollifying, pacific, peaceable, placating, placatory, propitiative, quiet, willing
Antonyms: antagonistic, fighting, refusing, stubborn
appease
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: satisfy, pacify

Synonyms: allay, alleviate, assuage, be enough, blunt, calm, compose, conciliate, content, diminish, do*, ease, gratify, lessen, lull, make matters up, meet halfway, mitigate, mollify, patch things up, placate, propitiate, quell, quench, quiet, serve, soften, soothe, subdue, sweeten, tranquilize
Antonyms: aggravate, annoy, incite, irritate, provoke, tease
assent
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: agreement

Synonyms: acceptance, accession, accord, acknowledgment, acquiescence, admission, affirmation, approval, authorization, compliance, concurrence, consent, nod, permission, sanction
Antonyms: disagreement, dissent, rejection
provision
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: supplies, supplying

Synonyms: accouterment, arrangement, catering, emergency, equipping, fitting out, foundation, furnishing, groundwork, outline, plan, prearrangement, precaution, preparation, procurement, providing, stock, store, supplying
Antonyms: removal, taking
befall
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: happen to; take place

Synonyms: action, bechance, betide, break, chance, come down, come off, come to pass, cook up a storm, cook with gas, cook*, develop, ensue, fall, fall out, follow, gel, go, go down, hap, happen, jell, materialize, occur, shake*, smoke*, supervene, transpire
augment

commendable
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: make greater; improve

Synonyms: add to, aggrandize, amplify, beef up, boost, build, build up, compound, develop, enhance, enlarge, expand, extend, grow, heighten, increase, inflate, intensify, magnify, mount, multiply, pad, piggyback, progress, raise, reinforce, strengthen, sweeten, swell, tag on
Notes: augment means to add more of the same thing; supplement means to add something, usually to make up for a deficiency
Antonyms: decrease, degrade
bestow
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: give, allot

Synonyms: accord, apportion, award, bequeath, come through, commit, confer, devote, donate, entrust, favor, gift, give away, grant, hand out, honor with, impart, kick in, lavish, offer, present, put out, render to
Antonyms: deprive, refuse, take
cede
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: abandon, surrender

Synonyms: abalienate, abdicate, accord, alien, alienate, allow, capitulate, come across with, communicate, concede, convey, deed, drop, fold*, fork over, give in*, give up, grant, hand over*, leave, make over, part with, relinquish, remise, renounce, resign, sign over, throw in the sponge, throw in the towel, transfer, vouchsafe, waive, yield
Notes: cede means to give over, surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another - while a seed is a small hard fruit or a mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat
Antonyms: defend, fight, gain, guard, take over, win
frail
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: breakable, weak

Synonyms: brittle, dainty, decrepit, delicate, feeble, fishy, flimsy, fracturable, fragile, frangible, infirm, insubstantial, puny, sad, shatterable, shattery, sickly, slender, slight, slim, tender, tenuous, thin, unsound, unsubstantial, vulnerable, wimpy, wishy-washy, wispy
Antonyms: firm, strong, unbreakable
defray
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: pay

Synonyms: bear the cost, chip in, cover cost, finance, foot the bill, fund, pay for, pick up the bill, pick up the check, pick up the tab, settle
despicable
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: hateful; beyond contempt

Synonyms: abject, awful, base, beastly, cheap, contemptible, degrading, detestable, dirty, disgraceful, disreputable, down, ignominious, infamous, insignificant, loathsome, low, low-life, mean, no-good, pitiful, reprehensible, shameful, slimy*, sordid, vile, worthless, wretched
Antonyms: desirous, honorable, likeable, loveable, respectable, virtuous, worthy
deter
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: check, inhibit from action

Synonyms: act like a wet blanket, avert, block, caution, chill, cool, damp, dampen, daunt, debar, disadvise, discourage, dissuade, divert, forestall, forfend, frighten, hinder, impede, intimidate, obstruct, obviate, preclude, prevent, prohibit, put a damper on, put off, restrain, rule out, scare, shut out, stave off, stop, talk out of, throw cold water on, turn off, warn
Antonyms: encourage, instigate, persuade, promote, put on to, stimulate, support, turn on, urge
ravage
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: destroy, ransack

Synonyms: annihilate, break up, capture, consume, cream*, crush, damage, demolish, desecrate, desolate, despoil, devastate, dismantle, disorganize, disrupt, exterminate, extinguish, forage, foray, gut, harry, impair, lay waste, leave in ruins, loot, overrun, overthrow, overwhelm, pillage, pirate, plunder, prey, prostrate, pull down, raid, rape, raze, rob, ruin, sack, seize, shatter, sink, smash, spoil, spoliate, stamp out, strip, sweep away, total*, trample, trash, waste, wreak havoc, wreck, wrest
Antonyms: aid, assist, help, protect
evasive
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: deceitful, tricky

Synonyms: ambiguous, cagey, casuistic, casuistical, cunning, deceptive, devious, dissembling, elusive, elusory, equivocating, false, fugitive, greasy, indirect, intangible, lying, misleading, oblique, prevaricating, shifty, shuffling, slippery, sly, sophistical, stonewalling, unclear, vague
Notes: elusive is used when what is being avoided is physical capture or apprehension, whereas evasive is used when what is being avoided is direct or relevant response to a verbal challenge
Antonyms: direct, forthright, honest, ready, straight, straightforward
fidget
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: move restlessly

Synonyms: be antsy, be hyper, be nervous, be on pins and needles, be spooked, be wired, bustle, chafe, fiddle, fret, fuss, hitch, jiggle, jitter, joggle, jump, play, squirm, stir, toss, trifle, twiddle, twitch, wiggle, worry
Antonyms: be still, relax, rest
flaunt
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: make an exhibition, show off

Synonyms: advertise, air, boast, brandish, break out, broadcast, declare, disclose, display, disport, divulge, expose, fan it, flash, flash about, flourish, gasconade, grandstand, hotdog, let it all hang out, make a scene, parade, proclaim, put on an act, reveal, roll out, show and tell, showcase, smack with, sport, spring on, streak, throw weight around, trot out, vaunt, wave around, whip out
Notes: one flaunts (makes much of) something of one's own (wealth, good looks, education) while one flouts (disregards or violates) something outside oneself (convention, law, regulation); to flaunt is to show off and to flout is to treat with contempt or disregard with smugness
Antonyms: conceal, hide, refrain
particular
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: exact, specific

Synonyms: accurate, appropriate, blow-by-blow, circumstantial, clocklike, detailed, distinct, especial, express, full, individual, intrinsic, itemized, limited, local, meticulous, minute, painstaking, particularized, peculiar, precise, scrupulous, selective, singular, special, thorough, topical
Antonyms: general, imprecise, indefinite, inexact
coroner
a medical examiner
revival
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: rebirth, reawakening

Synonyms: awakening, cheering, consolation, enkindling, freshening, invigoration, quickening, reanimation, recovery, recrudescence, regeneration, rejuvenation, renaissance, renascence, renewal, restoration, resurgence, resurrection, resuscitation, revitalization, revivification, risorgimento
Antonyms: destruction, killing, suppression
firsthand
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: direct

Synonyms: eyewitness, immediate, primary, straight, straight from the horse's mouth
Antonyms: hearsay, impersonal, indirect
occupation
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: profession, business

Synonyms: activity, affair, calling, chosen work, craft, daily grind, day gig, do, dodge*, employment, game*, grindstone, hang*, job, lick*, line, line of work, moonlight, métier, nine-to-five, play*, post, pursuit, racket, rat race, slot, thing*, trade, vocation, walk of life, what one is into, work
Antonyms: entertainment, fun, hobby, pastime
fraught
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: full of

Synonyms: abounding, attended, bristling, charged, filled, heavy, laden, replete, stuffed
Antonyms: empty
immerse
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: submerge in liquid

Synonyms: asperse, baptize, bathe, bury, christen, dip, douse, drench, drown, duck, dunk, merge, plunge, saturate, sink, slop, soak, souse, sprinkle, steep, submerse
Notes: immerse means to thrust into or engross fully; submerge means sink below the surface or put under water
Antonyms: dry, retrieve
helm
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: wheel

Synonyms: command, control, controls, driver's seat, leadership, reins, rudder, steering wheel, tiller
eccentric
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: bizarre, unusual

Synonyms: aberrant, abnormal, anomalous, beat*, bent*, bizarre, capricious, characteristic, cockeyed, crazy, curious, droll, erratic, far out, flaky, freak, freakish, funky*, funny, idiosyncratic, irregular, kooky, nutty, odd, oddball, off the wall, off-center, offbeat, out in left field, outlandish, peculiar, quaint, queer, quirky, quizzical, singular, strange, uncommon, unconventional, unnatural, way out, weird, whimsical, wild
Antonyms: boring, common, dull, normal, ordinary, plain, regular, standard, unexciting, usual
momentous
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: important; serious

Synonyms: big, chips are down, consequential, considerable, critical, crucial, decisive, earth-shaking, earth-shattering, epochal, eventful, far-reaching, fateful, grave, heavy, heavy number, historic, material, meaningful, memorable, notable, of moment, outstanding, pivotal, significant, substantial, vital, weighty
Notes: momentary means fleeting, brief; momentous means significant and having great consequence
Antonyms: immaterial, insignificant, trifling, trivial, unimportant
adjourn
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: stop a proceeding

Synonyms: curb, defer, delay, discontinue, hold off, hold over, hold up, postpone, prorogue, put off, recess, restrain, shelve, stay, suspend
Antonyms: begin, convene, convoke, encourage, further, keep on, open, rally, stimulate, urge
abjure
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: give up

Synonyms: abstain from, forswear, recant, renege, renounce, retract, take back, withdraw
Notes: abjure is 'swear off' or 'swear away' and adjure is 'command earnestly'; abjure implies a firm and final rejecting or abandoning often made under oath
renounce often equals abjure but may carry the meaning of disclaim or disown and may imply a sacrifice for a greater end
surmount
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: overcome, triumph over

Synonyms: best, better, cap, clear, conquer, crest, crown, defeat, down, exceed, hurdle, leap, lick*, negotiate, outdo, outstrip, over, overpower, overtop, pass, prevail over, rise above, subdue, surpass, throw*, top*, vanquish, vault
Antonyms: give in, surrender, yield
warily
Part of Speech: adverb

Definition: suspiciously

Synonyms: carefully, cautiously, vigilantly, watchfully
vagrant
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: person with no
permanent home and often with no means of support

Synonyms: drifter, floater, homeless person, itinerant, rolling stone, street person, transient, wanderer
Notes: a vagabond refers to a person who leads a carefree, roaming existence; a vagrant ekes out a living by begging and is often considered a nuisance
nomadic
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: itinerant

Synonyms: drifting, gypsy, itinerate, migrant, migratory, pastoral, perambulant, perambulatory, peripatetic, roaming, roving, traveling, vagabond, vagrant, wandering, wayfaring
Antonyms: native, settled
unacquainted
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: unfamiliar with

Synonyms: ignorant, inexperienced, strange, unadorned, unaware, unfamiliar, unknown
Antonyms: acquainted
unaccustomed
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: not prepared, ready; new

Synonyms: ignorant, incompetent, inexperienced, newcome, not given to, not used to, novice, too green, unacquainted, unfamiliar with, uninformed, uninstructed, unpracticed, unseasoned, unskilled, untaught, untrained, unused to, unversed in
Antonyms: accustomed, prepared, ready
evade
Part of Speech: verb

Definition: get away from

Synonyms: avoid, baffle, balk, beat around bush, beg the question, bypass, cavil, circumvent, conceal, confuse, cop out, deceive, decline, dodge, double, duck, elude, equivocate, escape, eschew, fence, fend off, flee, fly, fudge, get around, give the runaround, hedge, hide, keep distance, lay low, lead on a merry chase, lie, parry, pass up, pretend, prevaricate, pussyfoot, put off, shift, shirk, shuck, shuffle, shun, shy, sidestep, slip out, sneak away, steer clear of, tergiversate, trick, waffle, weasel
Antonyms: face, meet, take on
notary
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: notary public

Synonyms: certifier, commissioner for oaths, court clerk, endorser, public official, recorder, registrar, scrivener, signatory, witness
whim
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: sudden idea

Synonyms: caprice, conceit, craze, desire, disposition, dream, fad, fancy, fantasy, freak, humor, impulse, inclination, notion, passing thought, quirk, sport, thought, urge, vagary, vision, whimsy
Antonyms: plan
vestibule
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: small room for arrivals

Synonyms: antechamber, anteroom, doorway, entrance, entrance hall, entry, entryway, foyer, gateway, hall, hallway, lobby, narthex, porch, portal, portico
corrugated
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: ridged, grooved

Synonyms: channelled, creased, crinkled, crumpled, flexed, fluted, folded, furrowed, puckered, roughened, rumpled, wrinkled
Antonyms: flat, smooth
jetty
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: pier

Synonyms: barrier, breakwater, dock, groin, landing, quay, seawall, slip, wharf
ailment
Part of Speech: noun

Definition: mild sickness

Synonyms: ache, bug, complaint, condition, disease, disorder, dose, flu, illness, indisposition, infirmity, malady, syndrome
Antonyms: health
malcontent
Part of Speech: adjective

Definition: dissatisfied

Synonyms: belly-aching, complaining, discontented, disgruntled, unhappy, unsatisfied