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32 Cards in this Set

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________ is by far the largest and most massive planet in the solar system.
Jupiter
__________ and _________ probably have rocky cores surrounded by a thick layer of liquid hydrogen and an outer layer of ordinary liquid hydrogen. Both planets have an overall chemical composition very similar to that of the Sun.
Jupiter and Saturn
Explain the visible features of Jupiter and saturn?
Jupiter's can be seen from 100 km of its atmosphere.

Saturn's is the same but much fainter.
How come Saturn appears to be more mute than Jupiter?
B/c saturn's cloud seem to have greater range of altitudes than Jupiter.
Which planet has the great red spot on it?
Jupiter
The colored ovals visible in the Jovian atmosphere are gigantic ________, some of which are stable and persist for years and even centuries.
storms
Do Jupiter and Saturn have magnetic fields? If so, how are they created?
Yes. By electric currents in their metallic hydrogen layers.
How many satellites orbit Jupiter?
4
Name Jupiters moons?
Io
Europa
Ganymede
Callisto
Which 2 of Jupiters moons are roughly the same size as our moon?
Io
Europa
Which 2 of Jupiters moons are roughly the same size as Mercury?
Ganymede
Callisto
Which of Jupiters moons is covered with a colorful layer of sulfur compounds deposited by frequent explosive eruptions from volcanic vents.
Io
Which of Jupiters moons is covered with a smooth layer of frozen water crisscrossed by an intricate patter of long cracks?
Europa
Which of Jupiters moon is heavily cratered and is composed of frozen water with large polygons of dark, ancient crust separated by regions of heavily grooved, lighter-colored, younger terrain?
Ganymede
Which of Jupiter's moons has a heavily cratered crust of frozen water?
Callisto
What is saturn known for?
Rings
_______ is circled by a system of thin, broad rings lying in the plane of the planets equator.
Saturn
What do Saturn's rings consist of?
Ice and ice-covered rocks
Does Jupiter have a ring system?
Yes, but not as big as Saturn's.
What provide Jupiter with a magnetic field?
Liquid metallic hydrogen
How many moons does Jupiter haven?
63
How many moons does Saturn have?
47
Titan orbits which planet?
Saturn
Why do Uranus and Neptune appear to be blue?
B/c they both have the chemical methane, and that's what absorbs red light. So, therefore, the planets look blue.
Triton orbits which planet?
Neptune
Miranda orbits which planet?
Uranus
Which of the gas giants moons is covered in ice and has an atmosphere of nitrogen. It also moves retrograde.
Miranda
Which of the solar system's planets is smallest?
Pluto
Name Pluto's moon?
Charon
What does Charon look like?
icy
same size as pluto
appears to never move
Why is pluto no longer considered a planet?
B/C it doesn't have its own orbit.
Which of the moons is the largest in our solar system?
Ganymede