Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
chemical mediators of inflammation stored and released by mast cells; effects are similar to those of histamine
chemical derivative of caffeine; alternative bronchodilators, prescribed for persistent chronic asthma.
Dry powder inhaler (DPI)
device used to convert a solid drug to a fine powder for the purpose of inhalation
Chronic bronchitis
recurrent disease of the lungs characterized by excess mucus production, inflammation, and coughing
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
generic term used to describe several pulmonary conditions characterized by cough, mucus production, and impaired gas exchange
Salmeterol (serevent) bronchodilator/ beta 2 adrenergic agonist
acts by selectively binding to the beta 2 adrenergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscles to cause bronchodialation. can prevent exercise induced bronchospasms. Better suited for tx of chronic asthma due to it's duration. onset 10-20mins, duration up to 12hrs.
Ipratropium Bromide (atrovent, combivent)
Bronchodilator/ anticholinergic
anticholinergic that causes bronchodilation by blocking cholinergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscle. also prescribed for chronic bronchitis and nasal congestion. onset 5-15 mins, duration 3-6 hrs. bitter taste, rinse mouth,
Beclomethasone (Beclovent)
Inhaled glucocorticoid
glucocorticoid, available thru aerosol inhalation (MDI) for asthma or as a nasal spray for allergic rhinitis. Acts by reducing inflammation, decreasing frequency of asthma attacks.
Zafirlukast (Accolate)
Leukotriene modifier
used for the prophylaxis of persistent, chronic asthma. Blocks leukotrine receptors in the airways. onset 1 wk. adverse effects most common HA.
suspension of minute liquid droplets or fine solid particles suspended in a gas- delivers the drugs to their immediate site of action (immediate relief for bronchospasms)
most commonly used for treating pulmonary disorders, stimulate beta 2 adrenergic receptors to dilate bronchioles
use a propellant to deliver a mesuared dose of drug to the lungs during each breath. disadvantages- precise does received difficult to measure
for treatment of acute bronchoconstriction
beta-adrenergic agonists- activate both beta 1 and 2 receptors (severent)
leukotriene modifiers
oral medications approved for the prophylaxis of chronic asthma- reduce inflammation and ease bronchoconstriction