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30 Cards in this Set

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WHAT ARE THE CONTROVERSIES OF INTELLIGENCE THEORIES?
1. NATURE VS NURTURE
2. FIXED OR CHANGEABLE
3. RACE AND INTELLIGENCE
4. HISTORICAL - ONE FACTOR OR SEVERAL
WHAT ARE THE 8 PARTS OF GARDNER'S MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES THEORY?
1. LINGUISTIC (WORDS)
2. LOGICAL (MATH)
3. MUSICAL
4. BODILY/KINESTHTIC
5. SPATIAL (PARALLEL PARKING)
6. INTERPERSONAL (RELATIONSHIPS)
7. INTRAPERSONAL - (SELF-AWARE)
8. NATURALISTIC (NATURE)
WHAT ARE THE 2 PARTS OF CATTELL'S INTELLIGENCE THEORY?
1. CRYSTALLIZED - WORD FLUENCY, GENERAL INFO - MEMORIZATION
2. FLUID - SPEED OF INFO PROCESSING, ABSTRACT THINKING - APPLICATION
WHAT ARE THE THREE PARTS OF STERNBERG'S TRIARCHIC INTELLIGENCE THEORY?
1. COMPONENTIAL - INTERNAL, GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
2. EXPERIENTIAL - EXPERIENCES OF THE INDIVIDUAL - CREATIVE FACTOR
3. CONTEXTUAL - EXTERNAL WORLD, HOW YOU FUNCTION IN THE OUTSIDE WORLD
WHAT IS THE TWO FACTOR INTELLIGENCE THEORY?
1. G FACTOR - GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
2. S FACTOR - SPECIFIC KNOWLEDGE
HOW DO YOU POSITIVELY INFLUENCE INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT?
1. PROVIDE DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE PLAY AND LEARNING MATERIALS
2. ENCOURAGE EXPLORATION AND STIMULATE CURIOSITY
3. CREATE A WARM RESPONSIVE SUPPORTIVE ENVIRONMENT
4. NOTE THAT NUTRITION, POVERTY, HEALTH HAVE NEGATIE IMPACT
HOW DOES IQ CHANGE?
1. INFANCY - EARLY CHILDHOOD - CHANGES FREQUENTLY
2. MIDDLE CHILDHOOD - SCORES BEGIN TO STABILIZE
3. 7 YEARS OLD - SCORES ARE FAIRLY GOOD PREDICTORS OF ADULT IQ
WHAT IS THE DISTRIBUTION OF IQ SCORES?
1. NORMAL DISTRIBUTION WITH MAJORITY OF PEOPLE BEING AVERAGE AND ABOUT 2% SUPERIOR AND 2% MENTALLY RETARDED
2. 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE OR BELOW
MILDLY RETARDED INDIVIDUALS HAVE AN IQ OF?
50-55 TO 70
MODERATELY RETARDED INDIVIDUALS HAVE AN IQ OF?
35-40 TO 50-55
SEVERE RETARDATION OCCURS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH IQ SCORES THAT RANGE FROM?
20-25 TO 35-40
PROFOUNDLY RETARDED INDIVIDUALS HAVE IQ'S THAT ARE?
BELOW 20-25
WHAT ARE THE FOUR SUBSETS THAT COMBINE FOR A COMPOSITE SCORE ON THE STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE TEST?
1. VERBAL REASONING
2. QUANTATIVE REASONING
3. SHORT-TERM MEMORY
4. ABSTRACT VISUAL REASONING
WHAT IS THE TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY FOR THE STANFORD BINET INTELLIGENCE TEST AND WHAT DOES THAT TELL YOU?
.95 - STRONG CORRELATION- MEANS THAT IF YOU GIVE THE TEST AGAIN, RESULTS WILL LIKELY BE THE SAME EACH TIME
THE WAIS III IS A SERIES OF 13 TESTS WITH SCORES BROKEN DOWN INTO 3 CATEGORIES - WHICH ARE
1. VERBAL IQ
2. PERFORMANCE IQ
3. FULL SCALE IQ
COMPARE THE THREE TO FIND STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES
THE WISC-IV IS A SERIES OF 15 SUBTESTS WITH 4 INDEX SCORES GIVEN TO WHOM?
CHILDREN AGES 6-16
THE WPPSI-III STANDS FOR_____ AND IS GIVEN TO WHOM?
WESCHSLER PRESCHOOL AND PRIMARY SCALE OF INTELLIGENCE AND IS GIVEN TO CHILDREN 4-6 1/2 YEARS OLD
WHAT ARE THE PROS AND CONS OF INTELLIGENCE TESTING?
1. HIGHLY TRAINED EXAMINER
2. COST
3. TIME
WHAT DO COUNSELORS NEED TO KNOW ABOUT TESTING?
1. REFERRALS FOR TESTING
2. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
3. COMMUNICATION OF RESULTS TO CLIENTS
4. MINORITIES DO NOT GENERALLY PERFORM WELL ON STANDARDIZED TESTS
5. OVERALL SCORE IS WHAT IS IMPORTANT
6. ORIGINAL TEST NORMS WERE MIDDLE CLASS WHITE PEOPLE
WHAT IS THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP?
A DISPARITY OF SCORES THAT HAS LED TO THE OVERREPRESENTATION OF MINORITY CHILDREN IN SPECIAL EDUCATION CLASSES
IQ TEST SCORES HAVE DECREASED BY ABOUT 3 POINTS OVER THE LAST 50 YEARS DUE TO WHAT?
THE FLYNN EFFECT
A TEST THAT GIVES THE SAME, CONSISTENT RESULTS THAT ARE DEPENDABLE AND REPETITIVE AND ACCURATELY MEASURES WHAT IT IS SUPPOSED TO EACH TIME IS SAID TO BE?
RELIABLE
WHAT ARE RELIABILITY COEFFICIENTS?
THE DEGREE TO WHICH THE RESULTS WILL BE REPEATED ON RETESTING
.00 = LACK OF RELIABILITY
1.00 = PERFECT RELIABILITY
WHAT ARE THE FOUR METHODS FOR TESTING RELIABILITY?
1. TEST-RETEST - GIVE SAME TEST OVER AND CORRELATE SCORES - COEFFICEIENT OF STABILITY
2. ALTERNATE FORMS - ADMINISTER 2 DIFFERENT FORMS OF TEST AND CORRELATE SCORES TO GET ESTIMATE OF RELIABILITY
- COEFFICIENT OF EQUIVALENCE AND STABILITY
3. SPLIT-HALF RELIABILITY - ADMINISTER ONE TEST AND DIVIDE INTO TWO COMPARABLE HALVES - COEFFICIENT OF EQUIVALENCE AND INTERNAL CONSISTENCY
4. KUDER-RICHARDSON - COMPUTE THE RELIABILITY OF TEST ITEMS TO EACH OTHER AND THE TOTAL TEST - COEFFICIENT OF INTERNAL CONSISTENCY
WHAT IS INTER-RATER RELIABILITY?
MEASURES HOMOGENITY - USED TO ASSESS THE DEGREE TO WHICH DIFFERENT RATERS/OBSERVERS GIVE CONSISTENT SCORES ON SAME RATING INSTRUMENT
WHAT DOES VALIDITY MEASURE?
TRUTHFULNESS AND ACCURACY
THE EXTENT TO WHICH A TEST MEASURES WHAT IT IS SUPPOSED TO MEASURE
WHAT ARE THE FOUR TYPES OF VALIDITY?
1. CONTENT
2. FACE
3. CRITERION-REFERENCED
4. CONSTRUCT
WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF CRITERION-REFERENCED VALIDITY?
1. CONCURRENT - HOW DOES IT RELATE TO HOW THEY'RE DOING RIGHT NOW
2. PREDICTIVE - WHAT DOES IT TELL YOU ABOUT HOW THEY WILL PERFORM IN THE FUTURE?
WHAT IS CONVERGANT VALIDITY AND GIVE AN EXAMPLE?
CORRELATES HIGHLY WITH OTHER MEASURES DESIGNED TO MEASURE THE SAME CONSTRUCT - EXAMPLE SOMEONE WHO IS RELIGIOUS SHOULD ALSO BE HONEST AND TRUSTWORTHY
(SIMILAR OTHER PHENONMENON)
WHAT IS DISCRIMINANT VALIDITY AND GIVE AND EXAMPLE
SHOULD NOT CORRELATE WITH OTHER CONSTRUCTS
EXAMPLE - MEASURING HOW FAST SOMONE CAN RUN TO DETERMINE IF THEY ARE RELIGIOUS