Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What could be the cause of delayed female puberty?
-Familial hx of late devel.
-Low % of body fat
-Problems of the pituitary gland, ovaries, or hypothalamus
-Congenital structural abnormalities
What is the normal pH of the vagina?
4-5
What are the 3 layers of the uterine walls?
1. perimetrium
Outer layer that
separates the uterus
from the abd cavity
2. myometrium
Contraction of these
muscle fibers expel
the baby and constrict
the blood vessels to
control bleeding after
childbirth
3. endometrium
inner layer that is
shed monthly b/c of the
change in estrogen and
progesterone levels
In most cases, where is the ovum fertilized?
Fallopian tubes
What line the fallopian tubes?
cilia and secretory cells which help move the ovum to the uterus
what are the 4 anatomical sections of the uterine tubes?
1. interstitial portion
closes to the uterus
2. isthmus
middle portion
3. ampulla
middle portion
4. infundibulum
most distal portion-
they have fimbriated
ends that aid in the
capture of a released
ovum during ovulation
What are the hormones that the ovaries release?
-Estrogen
-Progesterone
-androgen
-relaxin
What are Montgomery's glands?
sebaceous glands on the areola that secrete fatty lubrication to protect the areola during breastfeeding
What are the breasts supported by?
Cooper's suspensory ligaments
What are the 2 hormones in the hypothalamic-pituitary cycle that spike right before ovulation?
Lutenizing hormone (LH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
What is the hormone in the ovarian cycle that spikes right before ovulation?
Estrogen
What are the hormonal changes that occur after menopause?
The hypothalamus-pituitary hormones (LH and FSH) increase and the ovarian hormones (estrogen and progesterone) decrease
What causes puberty to occur in males?
The release of testosterone
Penile erection is under the control of...
autonomic nervous system
What could be the cause of delayed female puberty?
-Familial hx of late devel.
-Low % of body fat
-Problems of the pituitary gland, ovaries, or hypothalamus
-Congenital structural abnormalities
What is the normal pH of the vagina?
4-5
What are the 3 layers of the uterine walls?
1. perimetrium
Outer layer that
separates the uterus
from the abd cavity
2. myometrium
Contraction of these
muscle fibers expel
the baby and constrict
the blood vessels to
control bleeding after
childbirth
3. endometrium
inner layer that is
shed monthly b/c of the
change in estrogen and
progesterone levels
In most cases, where is the ovum fertilized?
Fallopian tubes
What line the fallopian tubes?
cilia and secretory cells which help move the ovum to the uterus
what are the 4 anatomical sections of the uterine tubes?
1. interstitial portion
closes to the uterus
2. isthmus
middle portion
3. ampulla
middle portion
4. infundibulum
most distal portion-
they have fimbriated
ends that aid in the
capture of a released
ovum during ovulation
What are the hormones that the ovaries release?
-Estrogen
-Progesterone
-androgen
-relaxin
What are Montgomery's glands?
sebaceous glands on the areola that secrete fatty lubrication to protect the areola during breastfeeding
What are the breasts supported by?
Cooper's suspensory ligaments
What are the 2 hormones in the hypothalamic-pituitary cycle that spike right before ovulation?
Lutenizing hormone (LH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
What is the hormone in the ovarian cycle that spikes right before ovulation?
Estrogen
What are the hormonal changes that occur after menopause?
The hypothalamus-pituitary hormones (LH and FSH) increase and the ovarian hormones (estrogen and progesterone) decrease
What causes puberty to occur in males?
The release of testosterone
Penile erection is under the control of...
autonomic nervous system
What does the epididymis do?
-transport sperm from the testes to the urethra
-site where sperm mature
What does the vas deferens do?
-the end is a reservoir for sperm and tubular fluids
What are the seminal vesicles and what do they do?
-Paired glands that secrete most of the volume of the ejaculation
-each end joins the vas deferens to form an ejaculatory duct, which descend through the prostate gland and empty into the urethra
What is the prostate gland?
large muscular gland
What does the prostate gland do?
-Secretes a milky alkaline fluid
-Adds bulk to the semen which enhances sperm mobility, neutralizes acidic vaginal secretions
What is the pH of the male ejaculation?
7.5
What does the epididymis do?
-transport sperm from the testes to the urethra
-site where sperm mature
What does the vas deferens do?
-the end is a reservoir for sperm and tubular fluids
What are the seminal vesicles and what do they do?
-Paired glands that secrete most of the volume of the ejaculation
-each end joins the vas deferens to form an ejaculatory duct, which descend through the prostate gland and empty into the urethra
What is the prostate gland?
large muscular gland
What does the prostate gland do?
-Secretes a milky alkaline fluid
-Adds bulk to the semen which enhances sperm mobility, neutralizes acidic vaginal secretions
What is the pH of the male ejaculation?
7.5