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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
primary
secondary deficiency
1. due to diet
2. other than diet inadeq like disease/condition that reduces absorbtion
diet and disease
cancer
heart disease
stroke
diabetes
daily food guide groups
1. breads cereals grains
2. veggies
3. fruits
4. meat, poultry, fish, subs
5. dairy
6. fats, sweets, alky
food group plan
all classes of nutritious foods
--servings
exchange list
energy containing nutrients

--portions
fat recommended

% fat free

low fat
no more than 30% in the diet

no more than 5 g per 100 g

no more than 3 g per serving
EAR
RDA
AI
TI
estimate average requirements
recommended diet. allow.
adeq intake
tolerable intake
5 sets of valves that control digestion journey
epiglottis--don't choke
2 esophageal sphincters
pyloric sphincter
ileocecal valve
anus
amylases
contained in saliva
breaks down starches
stomach
gastric juice
(proteases like pepsin)
mucus so it doesn't digest itself
grinds food into chyme
small intestine
pancreas and gall bladder give fluids
pancreatic juices
a. bicarbonate ion that neutralizes acid from the stomach
b. enzymes: proteases, lipases, carbolhydrolases.
bile
produced in liver and stored in the gall bladder.
fat emulsifier.
fat emulsifier
b/c oil and water don't mix, aids in breaking down lipids in food.
Digested in...
1. complex carbs
2. proteins
3. lipids
1. mouth and small intestine
2. stomach and small intestine
3. only small intestine