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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
self-fulfilling prophesy
S F P is when teachers from perceptions about pupil characteristics, treat pupils as if the perceptions are correct, and pupils respond as if they actually have the characteristics,even tho they might not have originally had them; an expectation becomes a reality
Prejudgment is: situations in which a person's prior knowledge, first impression, or stereotypes interfere with the ability to make a fair and objective assessment of another person.
locigal error
Logical Error is the use of invalid or irrelevant assessment information to judge a pupil's characteristics or performance.
*A classroom society is is characterized in what 3 ways?
*Information used to size up pupils comes from what different ways?
*School Grapevine
Teacher Comments
School Records
Class Discussion/ Observation
Student Comments
Student Dress
Student Body Language
*Sizing up are natural social interactions. BUT teachers form and often communicate expectations to pupils. Teacher first impressions usually remain what?
*Stable , but not always accurate.
*What are the two main problems that affect the Validity of sizing-up assessments?
*Prejudgment & Logical Error
*Why is prejudgment a problem?
*Teachers may not know much @ racial, cultural, handicapping, and language characteristics of pupils
*Why is logical error a problem?
*Teacher has used wrong information to size up: ex: judging student interest to where they choose to sit in class.
*Why is Reliability a special problem in sizing-up?
*because it based upon many fleeting observations; difficult to assess typical or consistent performance; should not label students on only a few observations
*What are some of the six suggestions to IMPROVE sizing-up assessments?
1 be aware of its effects on students
2 treat first impressions as hypotheses
3 use direct, low inference indicators to get info
4 supplement informal with formal observations
5 observe students long enough to see typical behavior
6 determine whether different kinds of info confirm one another