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22 Cards in this Set

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What are the two types of suture patterns?
Interrupted & continuous
What do interrupted sutures look like?
They are sutures that are tied or cut after one or two passages through the tissue.
What do continuous sutures look like?
A pattern that has multiple passages through the tissue running from point of origin to some point distant, with a knot at each end.
What are some advantages of interrupted sutures?
They maintain strength & tissue opposition if part of the suture line fails; each suture is easy & rapid.
What are some disadvantages to interrupted sutures?
Use more suture material; takes more time; it can increase foreign material into the body.
What are some advantages of continuous sutures?
Ease of application; minimal suture material; easy to remove; more rapid closure of sutures.
What are some disadvantages of continuous sutures?
Entire line breaks down if one component fails.
What are 4 type of interrupted suture patterns?
Simple interrupted, horizontal mattress, verticle mattress & cruciate.
What are simple interrupted sutures like?
Suture is passed lateral to the incision & thru other side taking similar amts of tissue is a single bite. opposing suture pattern.
What are horizontal mattress suture pattens like?
Tension-relieving suture; fast, everting suture pattern.
What are verticle mattress sutures like?
Everting suture pattern; can withstand greater tension than horizontal; takes more time & suture material.
What are cruciate sutures like?
Applied with 2 tissue passess then ends tied to form a cross; appositional suture pattern; fast & easy.
What are 6 continuous suture patterns?
Simple continuous, ford interlocking, lembert, cushing, connell, cushing-lembert (Parker-kerr).
What are simple continuous sutures?
A series of simple interrupted sutures that are tied only at the beginning & the end; appositional pattern.
What are ford interlocking sutures?
Performed like a simple continuous except suture is passed thru a loop formed by the last tissue pass; appositional pattern.
What are lembert sutures?
Inverting continuous verticle mattress; used to close hollow organs; suture is applied outside the lumen; keeps suture material sterile by not going directly thru the organ.
What type of sutures are used for hollow organs?
Lembert
What are cushing sutures?
Inverting continuous horizontal mattress; does not enter the lumen of hollow organs.
What are connell sutures?
Same as cushing - inverting continuous horizontal mattress, but enters the lumen
What are cushing-lembert sutures?
Cushing pattern with a lembert over it; inverting continuous horizontal mattress w/ inverting continuous verticle mattress over it.
What are subcuticular sutures?
Continuous horizontal suture pattern with the suture hidden within the dermis.
What are subcutaneous sutures?
Simple interrupted or continuous pattern used to close the fat layer below the skin.