Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Duality of mobility and stability
Mobility increase=stability decrease
Mobility decrease=stability increase
Classification is based on what?
Intervening medium
Degree of movement/ range of motion
Example of fibrous joints
Skull sutures
cartilaginous joints
utilize fibrocartilage and hyaline cartilage (eg. pubic symphasis)
Synovial joint
Synovial membrane secreting fluid (eg. shoulder)
Synarthrosis movement
Immovable joint (sutures)
May actually fuse over time
Amphiarthrosis
Slightly moveable joint (hyoid)
Diarthrosis movement
Freely moveable joint (
Classify in terms of movement: Sutures
Synarthroses
Classify in terms of movement: Epiphyseal plates, costosternal joints
Synarthroses
Bones united by hyaline cartilage
Classify based on movement: mature ephisyeal plate, some sutures
Synostosis
Classify based on movement: distal articulation between the tibia and fibula, interosseus membrane of forearm and leg
Syndesmosis
Classify based on movement: Intervertebral discs, pubic sysmphasis
Symphyses
Components of the synovial Joint
Synovial membrane
Articular cartilage
Synovial membrane
Thin inner layer that secretes synovial fluid which nourishes and lubricates structures
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage covering articular surfaces
Surrounding structures of the synovial joing
Ligaments
Articular disc
Bursa
Ligaments
Bands of connective tissue running from bone to bone; include capsular, extracapsular, and intracapsular ligaments
Articular disc (meniscus)
Pad of fibrocartilage that alters the shape of one of the joint surfaces (makes more moving happy)
Bursa
Synovial sac lying between skin, or muscle/tendons, and bone that prevents friction
Uniaxial
Hinge joing: elbow
Biaxial
thumb
triaxial
ball-and-socket joing: shoulder
Types of Diarthroses
Planar, Hinge, Saddle joint, condlatel, ball and socket, flat articular surfaces (facets), dens