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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Type of joint
bones interlock with fibers
permits little or no joint movement
ex:sutures and gomphosis(PERIO Ligament
synarthrosis
type of joint
syndesmosis-ligament connection
ex:Interosseous membrane
symphysis-cartilage connection
ex:intervertebal discs, pubic symphysis
Amphiarthrosis
Inner lining of articular capsule that prevents leakage of synovial fluid-Protein fluid that:
Lubricates cartilage, nourishes chondrocytes, and absorbs shock.
Synovial membrane
permits oval rotation

ex:phalanges, metatarsels, metacarpal joint
ellipsoidal
Permits bi-axial rotation(atlas-axis)

Rotates forearm
Pivot
toward body opposite of abduction
adduction
rotation
palms foward to palms back
pronation
localized movement
angle foot to point upward
inversion
closure of thumb against palm to hold an object
opposition
Hinge type, mandibular fossa of temporal bone and conylar process of the mandible.

permits elevation and depreesion of mandible
Temporal manibular joint
supporting ligament of TMJ

sphenoid to ramus
shenomandibular
The study of muskoskeletal movement
kinesiology
Type of joint
is at the end of long bones
moveable
Diarthrosis
triangular shaped articular discs that help stabilize the joint.
Menisci
permits angular, unidirectional movement
ex:elbow,knee
Hinge
two planar surfaces slide pass one another, slight bidirectional movement.
ex:carpals, tarsels, clavicle, vertebrae
Gliding
concave shaped articular surface permitting too much mobility

Twiddling thumbs
Saddle
Type of joint
is at the end of long bones
moveable
Diarthrosis
movement in the posterior/anterior direction
head,leg, forearm angled foward
(decrease angle)
Flexion
palms back behind you to palm foward
supination
angle foot to point upward
dorsiflexion
movement that closes the mouth
elevation
supporting ligament of TMJ

from temporal to mandible, encases joint
temporal mandibular
ellipsoidal type, vertebral joint
occipital condoyles and atlases superior articular facet

permits flexion and extension of head
altanto occipital
Surrounds synovial joint forming the synovial cavity-space separating two bones
Articular capsule
1)-Attaches muscle to bone


2)attaches bone to bone
1)tendon



2)ligament
Permits bi-axial rotation(atlas-axis)

Rotates forearm
Pivot
round head of one bone is locked into cup shaped depression of other bone permitting wide range of motion

Ex: shoulder and hip joints
Ball and socket
out and up away from body

arm, leg, finger motion away from the longitudianl axis within frontal plane
Abduction
backward motion opposite of flexion

increase angle
extension
localized movement
angle foot to point outward
eversion
angle foot to point downward(tiptoes)
plantar flexion
movement that opens the mouth
depression
supporting ligament of TMJ

styloid process to ramus of mandible
stylomandibular
pivot type, vertebral joint
superior and inferior articular facets of axis and atlas

permits rotation of head(NO)
altanto axial
amphiarthrosis type vertebral joint
articulates between adjacent vertebral bodies

permits slight gliding
intervertebral
part of intervertebral disc

soft elastic gelatinous core composed of 3/4 water-water content declines with age
nucleus pulposus
part of intervertebral disc

tough fibrocartilage(collagen) outerlayer connected to vertebral body
annulus fibrosis
intervertebral ligament
articular capsule encapsulates the vertebral body
posterior anterior longitudinal ligament
intervertebral ligament

connect spinous processes of adjacent vertebrae
interspinous
intervertebral ligament

connects tips of processes
supraspinous
synarthrosis type
art at sternal end of rib and sternum

no movement
sternocostal joint
synovial gliding type
attaches clavicle to sternum manubrium
permits elevation and and depression of scapula
4 ligaments
sternoclavicular joint
gliding type
permits slight gliding
attachment of clavicle to scap's acromion process
2 ligaments
acromionclavicular joint
ligament that binds clavicle to acromion
shoulder dislocation due to seperation of bone from joint via streching or tearing ligaments
acromionclavicular ligament
shoulder joint
most moveable
ball and socket
artic glenoid cavity and head of humerus
permits adduction abduction extension flexion rotation
glenohumeral joint
anterior encapsulating ligament from scap to head of humerus
glenohumeral
ligament coracoid to humerus

ligament coracoid to acromonial
coracohumeral

coracoacromonial
small sac betyween ligaments
contains synovial fluids
reduces joint friction
bursa
hinge type
2 joints humeroulnar anf humeroradial
permits extension/ flexion
stable joint because of thick articular capsule, humerus and ulna interlock fossas, strong ligaments
elbow joint