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122 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a two handled jar usually used for general storage purposes like oil and wine
archaic smile:
in Archaic Greek sculpture, the smile schultures represented on faces that the person portrayed is alive
Greek 'high city'

in ancient Greece usually the site of the cities most important temples
the style of Greek building in which the colonnadewas placed across both the front and back but never across the sides
in Greek mythology the lagendary battle between the Greeks and Amazons
an open square or spaceused for public meetings or business in ancient Greek cities
the court of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky

also the open , colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian bascilica
Greek 'double theatre'

a Roman building type resembling two Greek theatres put together

featured a continuous elipitical cavae around a central arena
aerial perspective:
a method of represemting an illusion of the three dimensional world on a two dimensional surface

creates the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity, the shift in color to toward an almost nuetral blue, and the blurring of of contours as the intended distance between the eye and object increases
in Ancient Greek architecture, the lowest part of the Ionic ans Corinthian coloumn
black figure painting:
early Greek pottery

the silouhetting of dark figures against a light background of natural reddish clay with linear details incised through the sillhouettes
blingual vases:
experimental Greek vases

produced for a short time in the late 16th century BCE

one side featured black figure painting the other red figured
in Roman architecture

building for legal and other civic proceedings rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on the long side

in Christian architecture a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica usually, entered from one end with an apse at the other
in Ancient Greek mythology

a fantastical creature with the top half of a human and the bottom of a horse
a Greek tunic

the essential (and often only) garment of both men and women, the other being the himation or mantle
a vertical weight carrying architectural member

circular in cross section and consisting of a base (sometimes ommited), a shaft and a capital
the projecting crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment

also any crowning projection
the uppermost member of a column serving as a transision from the shaft to the lintel

in classical architecture the form of the capital varies with order
a series or a row of coloumns usually spanned by lintels
the chamber at the center of an acient temple usually where the cult statue stood
the disposition of the human figue in which one part is turned in opposition to another creating counterpositioning of the body about its central axis

sometimes called the 'weight shift' because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot creating tension on one side and relaxation on the other
a female figue that functions as a supporting column
Corinthian capital:
more ornate form that Doric or Ionic

consists of a double row of ancanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow wrapped around a bell shaped ethinus

this capital form is usually cited as the distinguishing feature of the Corinthian order, there is no 'Corinthian order' only this style of capital used in the Ionic order
in Ancient Greek mythology

the battle between the Greeks and centaurs
a monster of Greek invention with the head and body of a lion and the tail of a serpant

a second head of a goat grows out of the side of the body
the north south street in a Roman town

intersected the decumanus at right angles
Roman military encampment
continuous narration:
in painting or sculpture the convention of the same figure appearing more than once in the same space at different stages of a story
a sunken panel often ornamental in a vault or on a ceiling
the hot-bath section of a roman bathing establishment
the three initial letters of Christs name in Greek (XPI) which came to serve as a monogram for Christ
one of the two systems evolved for articulating the three units of elevation in Greek temples: platforms, colonnades and superstructure (entablature)

characterized by capitals with funnel shaped echinuses, coumn without bases, and a frieze of trygliphs and metopes
one of the stacked cyclindrical stones that form the shaft of a column

the cyndrical wall that supports a dome
standard Roman silver coin from which the word penny ultimatel derives
the east west street in a Roman town intersecting the cardo at right angles
a Roman private house
painting technique in which a pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot
the part of a building above the columns and below the roof

of a classical temple has three parts:architrave or epistyle, frieze and pediment
in architecture, a head on view of an external or internal wall showing its features and often other elements that would be visibly beyond or before the wall
vertical channeling

roughly semi circular in cross section and used principally on columns and pilacters
the part of entablature between the architrave and the cornice

also, any sculptured or painted band in a peice
decorative pen usually used to fasten garments
the public square of an ancient Roman city
Latin 'throat'

in a Roman house the narrow foyer leading to the atrium
First Style mural:
the earliest style of Roman mural painting

also called the Masonry Style because the aim of the artist was to imitate, using painted stucco relief, the appearance of costly marble panels
Fourth Style mural:
in Roman

marks the return to architectual illusionism: irrational fantasies
cold bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
in Ancient Greek mythology the battle between the gods and giants
Ancient Greek mantle worn by men and women over the chiton and draped in various ways
a bust on a quadrangular pillar
the term given to the culture that developed after the death of Alex the Great in 323 BCE and lasted almost three centuries until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31 BCE
Hippodamian Plan:
a city plan divised by Hippodamos of Miletos in which a strict grid was imposed on a site, regardless of the terrain, so that all streets met at right angles
a building having no pediment or roof open to the sky
the order characterized by volutes, capitals, columnss with bases and uninterupted freizes
in a Roman house the basin located in the atrium that collected the rain water
in Roman architecture a multistory apt house usually made of brick faced concrete

also refers to an entire city block
an ancient greek wide mouthed bowl used for mixing wine and water
Greek 'young woman'

an Archiac Greek statuary type dipicting a young woman
Greek 'young man'

an Archaic Greek statuary depicting a young man
linear perspective:
most common type

all parallel lines or surface edges converge on one, two or three vanishing points located with reference to the eye level of the veiwer (the horizen line of the pic)

associated objects are rendered smaller the farther from the veiwer4 they are intended to seem
meandor (or fret):
an ornament, usually in bands but also covering braod surfaces, consisting of interlocking geometric motifs

an ornamental pattern of contiguous straight lines joined usually at right angles
the panel between the trygiphs in a Doric frieze usually scupted in a relief
Greek 'city of the dead'

large burial area or cemetary
Latin 'eye'

the round central opening of a dome

also a small round window in a Gothic cathedral
the early phase of early Greek art

named because of the adoption of forms and motifs from the ancient Near East and Egypt
in Greek architecture a porch near the rear of a temple set against the blank back wall of the cella
an independent city state in ancient Greece
a simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women
in classical architecture, the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building formed by the ends of a sloping roof above the colonnade

also an ornamental feature having this shape
the space or porch in front of the cella or noas of an Aancient Greek temple
in ancient Greek rchitecture

a colloanade all around the cella and its porch
a colonnade that has a double row all around
a colonnade that consists of a single row of columns on all sides
in Roman architecture

has a series of engaged columns all around the sides and back of the cella to give the APPEARANCE of a peripteral colonnade
a low protective wall wall along the edge of a bacony or a roof
what the Greeks called themselves
Greek philosopher that engaged his fellow citizens in philosophical argument
formulated his perscription of the ideal govtin the Republic
geometric art:
earliest 9th century BCE

the ornamental nature of abstract motifs

huge craters and amphoras marked the scene of graves
great hero of Homers Illiad
Greek mythological demon with the body of a woman, birds wings, snake hair and a horrid face that if you looked at you would turn to stone
"Greatest of Greek Heros"

-son of Zues and Alkemene; hated by Hera

snakes as an infant, killed family, 12 great labors

etablished Olympus games
calf bearer
art period 6th cent

temples built of permanent materials such as limestone or marble

model of Egyptian columner halls and stone temples

figural scupture exterior

doric and ionic temples
tended to be longer and twice the width

architects focused on the Parthenon, Propylia, Erecthenion, Temple of Athena Nike
formulated on mainland

shafts composed of different DRUMS joined by metal dowels to prevent turning and shafting
the uppermost course of the platform of a Greek temple which supports the column
a triple projecting grooved member of a Doric freizethat alternates with metopes
a spiral scroll-like form characteristic of the ancient Greek ionic and Roman composite capital
the tall cylinderical part of a column between the capital and the base
in Ancient Greek mythology a creature that was part bird/ woman
latin "consumer of flesh"

a coffin usually of stone
second style:
style of Roman mural painting in which the aim was to dissolve the confining walls of a room and replace them withthe illusion of 3D world constructed in the artists imagination
hard baked clay used for scuplture and as a building material

may be glazed or painted
third style:
Roman mural painting the style in which delicate linear fantasies were skcetched on predominately monochromatic backgrounds
in Roman architecture a single room shop usually covered by a barral vault
the warm bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
Greek "Rule by Four"

Type of Roman govt established by Diocletian in the late third centurey in an attempt to establish order by sharing power with potential enemies
burial ground

in Etruscan architecture tumuli covered one or more subterranean multichambered tombs cut out of tufa (limestone)
red figure painting:
in later greek pottery the silhouetting of red figures against a black background
true to natural appearances
rusticated masonry style:
to give a rustic appearance by roughening surfaces and beveling edges of stone blocks to emphasize the joints between them

techinique employed by Roman architecture
Delian League:
the alliance the Greeks formed after the war with Persia

Athens assumed dominant role

-Pericle transformed it into Athenian empire and was a tyrrant
hollow cast bronzing:
large statues were hollow cast by cire purdue (lost wax)method
(Temple of Athena Partehenos)

centerpeice of Pericles great building program on Acropolis
Panathenaic Festival:
took place in Athens every four years

began at Dipylon Gate and ended on the Acropolis where a new peplos was placed on ancient wooden statue of Athena
acropolis gateway by Mnesikles

split building in separate section due to steep slope

each one resembled Doric Temple facade
multiple shrine; replaced archaic Athena temple the Persians destroyed

honored Athena and housed ancient wooden image of the goddess that was the goal of the festival

had shrines to a host of other gods
Temple of Athena at Nike:
ionic building designed by Kallikrates

amphiprostyle with four columns on both west and east facade
"athlete scraping oil from his body after exercising"

by Lysippo

late classical

nervous energy
(Etruscans: highly skilled seafarers who enriched themselves through trade)

"nation" or "kingdom"

lack of political cohesion mae them easy prey for Lawrences Roman aggressors
concrete barral vaults:
the Roman architectual revolution

also called tunnel vault
Romulus/ Remus:
nursed by wolf (wolf capitone: classical Etruscan art)

twins: Romulus killed Remus, founded Rome on the Palatine and became the cities king
Mount Vesuvius:
erupted volcano in Rome

Roman built to carry water from the mountains to the city
The Flavians:
ruled Rome for more than a quater century after Nero was forced to commit suicide

-construction of ther collusseum was built on top of Domus Aureas drained lake
established tetrachy

Augustus of the West

retired in 305 bce anf govt fell
invaded Italy in 312 and took control of the capital

attributed his victory to Christian God

ended persecution of christians

-art is a mirror of the transition from the classical to the mideval world
emporor of Greece, successor of Trajan

second most photos
The Antonines:
successor after Hadrians death

First coemporers after Antonius Pious death
The Severans:
African born General

son killed wife/ brother after succession