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65 Cards in this Set

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work of art
visual expression of an idea or experience formed with skill through the use of a medium
medium
a particular material, along with its accompnying technique
mixed media
art made with a combination of different materials
art
the expression or application of creative skill and imagination, especially through a visual medium such as painting or sculpture
perceive
to become aware through the senses
aware
to be concious, to know something and to understand it through that awareness
looking
implies taking in what is before us in a purely mechanical way
seeing
an extension of looking, going beyond simple functional looking to a higher level of perception
folk art
artists who are part of established traditions of style, theme, and craftsmanship
representational (objective/figurative) art
depicts the appearance of things, represents objects we recognize from the everyday world
abstract
1. works of art that have no reference at all to natural objects
2. works that depict natural objects in simplified, distorted, or exaggerated ways
nonrepresentational (nonobjective/nonfigurative) art
visual forms with no specific references to anything outside themselves
form
total effect of the combined visual qualities within a work
content
the message or meaning of the work of art
iconography
the symbolic meaning of signs, subjects, and images
plane
the two-dimensional picture surface
implied lines
suggest visual connections
shape
refers to the expanse within the outline of a two-dimensional area or within the outer boundaries of a three-dimensional object
geometric shapes
circles, squares, triangles
organic shapes
irregular shapes often rounded or curving
mass/form
the physical bulk of a solid body of material
volume
when mass encloses space
space
indefinable general receptacle of all things
spatial
visual arts
temporal
like music
perspective
refers to any means of representing three-dimensional objects in space on a two-dimensional surface
vanishing point
parallel likes that seem to converge, meeting at last at the horizon
horizon line
the horizon (eye level)
eye level
an imaginary plane, the height of the artist's eyes
atmospheric/aerial perspective
nonlinear means for giving an illusion of depth
isometric perspectiv
parallel lines remain parallel, they don't converge as they recede
chiaro
light/clear
oscuro
dark/obscure
achromatic/neutrals
white, black, and their combination gray
hue
yellow, green, (colors we give a name)
value
the lightness and darkness (adding white, gray, black)
intensity/saturation
how pure it is
monochromatic
based on variations in the value and intensity of a single hue
analogous
based on colora adjacent to one another on the color wheel
complementary
emphasize two hues directly opposite each other on the color wheel
composition/design
process of organizing visual elements and the product of that process
pattern
refers to a repetitive ordering of design elements
art criticism
refers to making discriminating judgments, both favorable and unfavorable
formal theories
look at how carefully a work is made, how the parts of the composition function to create a visual experience that may interest us or not. they believe the most important influence on a work is other works that the artist has seen or studied
sociocultural theories
look first at the environmental influences on a work of art, the economic system, the cultural values, and even the politics of the time
expressive theories
the skill level, personal intent, mental state, gender, or mindset of the creator must play a rold in the creative process
printmaking
describes a variety of techniques developed to create multiple copies of a single image
pulled
prints that are printed
photography
light writing (light drawing)
camera obscura
dark room
logo
an identifying mark, or trademark, based on letter forms
symbol
an identifying maek pased on pictoral sources
in-the-round/freestanding
sculpture meant to be seen from all sides
low-relief
a sculpture that is not freestanding but projects from a background surface
constructions
assembling art
mixed media
a combination of materials
installation
transforms a space by bringing into it items of symbolic significance
types of hatching
hatching, cross-hatching, contour hatching
dry media
pencil, charcoal, graphite
liquid media
inks, paint
tempera
made from egg whites
oil
pigments mixed with various vegetable oils
acrylic
synthetic paints from polymer medium
encaustic
pigments are suspended in hot beeswax
fresco
ancient wallpainting technique in which very finely ground pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp plaster surface