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21 Cards in this Set

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aisles
Halls on either side of the nave, usually narrower and always shorter than the nave.
apse
A semicircular extension from the end of the building.
arch
A curved structural form that is constructed from wedge-shaped blocks with a keystone at the top.
atrium
An interior room in a Roman house that is open to the sky, allowing rain to collect in a shallow pool below.
barrel vault
An arch extended in space to create a rounded roof or ceiling.
basilica
In Roman architecture, a multipurpose municiple building; it is rectangular in plan, usually with the entrance on the long side, and sometimes with apses at either end.
bay
A square or rectangle interior space defined by columns or piers; a series of bays could replace the aisles in a basilica.
clerestory
A row of windows below the roof of a basilica that provides light to the nave.
concrete
A building material made from mortar, sand, small stones, and water.
cross vault
A roof or ceiling formed by the intersection at right anles of two barrel vaults.
dome
A hemispherical structure serving as a roof or ceiling.
engaged column
A column that appears to be cut in half vertically and attached to the wall.
equestrian monument
A sculpture of an emperor or other leader mounted triumphantly on a horse.
forum
An open area in the center of Roman towns used for speeches and other public gatherings; typically, government buildings and temples would be set at the edges of the forum.
fresco
Painting done with water-based pigment on a plaster wall; if the paint is applied whil the plaster is wet, it will bond permanently with the plaster. Roman wall painting was done on damp plaster.
nave
The tall, central hall-like section running the length of a basilica.
peristyle court
An interior courtyard surrounded by columns; it was first found in Hellenistic houses.
pilaster
A relief that looks like a column with rectangular edges flattened against a wall.
podium
A raised platform; specifically, one that serves as a base for a temple.
triumphal arch
A large portal structure commemorating events like the military conquests of a Roman emperor; it is composed of a shallow barrel vault (often with shorter vaults on either side of the main opening) and a story above the vault called the attic.
verism
Very precise realism; usually applied to portrait sculpture that shows the subject without idealization.