Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
black-figure technique
A technique of vase painting in which a colored slip (dilute clay) is applied to the body of the vase; details are scratched through the slip, revealing the vase's body color. When fired, the slip figures are black, and the body color of the vase is red.
canon of proportion
A system of constructing the human body with perfect proportions based on a mathematical unit, such as the height of the head.
A statue representing a human that supports the roof of a building.
The interior room of a Greek temple that houses the cult statue.
The vertical support of a temple; composed of a long shaft, a capital at the top, and sometimes a base.
conceptual figure
A way of drawing the human figure so that all of its parts are shown as clearly as possible. The head and feet are in profile, but the shoulders and eyes are shown frontally.
A weight shift caused by having most of the body's weight on the straight back leg, while the other leg is slightly bent.
corinthian order
The tallest and most graceful order; columns have capitals encircled with 2 rows of ancanthus leaves.
Doric order
The simplest order, with heavy proportions and cushionlike capitals.
The horizontal beam atop a row of columns; it is divided into the frieze above and the architrave below.
The manner in which a column swells in the middle and tapers upward.
A way of drawing a form so that it appears to extend forward in space. For example, a painting that shows a person reaching toward the viewer would use foreshortening.
Generally, a composition that takes the form of a flat band. Specifically in the classical orders, the middle band of the entablature; Doric friezes consist of triglyphs and metopes, and Ionic friezes often have a continuouse band of relief sculpture depicting a procession or similar activity.
A baseline upon which all figures stand.
Hippodamian town planning
Town planning that sets all streets at right angles, even if the terrain is irregular; said to have been invented by Hippodamos of Miletos.
Ionic order
A Greek order with columns that are taller and more elegant in proportion than those of the Doric order; the capitals have volutes (scrolls)
Clothed, often painted, statue of a young woman, usually representing an attendant to a god. She has a stiff pose and an Archaic smile.
Nude statue (slightly larger than life-sized) of a heroic young man with one foot forward, straight knees, and an Archaic smile.
Shading from light to dark to create an illusion of 3D
In architecture, a system of proportion and ornamentation.
The triangular gable below the roof of a temple facade.
post-and-lintel system
An architectural system consisting of verticle posts supporting horizontal beams (lintels).
The illusion that objects or figures are set back in space relative to the surface of a painting. Figures seem to stand on an imaginary ground plane (instead of a ground line); toward the back of the painting, figures are smaller and are placed higher in the space.
red-figure technique
A technique of vase painting in which a colored slip is used for the background, leaving the figures as silhouettes of unglazed clay. Details within the figures are brushed on with the colored slip. When fired, the figures are red and the background is black.
triglyphs and metopes
The typical divisions of a Doric frieze; the triglyphs look like 3 vertical bars, and the metopes are square fields where sculpture can be placed.