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54 Cards in this Set

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Amphitheater of Arezzo


Built by the Romans


Early 2nd century AD


OL. Arezzo


CL. Archeological Museum of Arezzo


Roman



Chiesa di Santa Maria della Pieve


1050-?


OL./CL. Arezzo


Romanesque

San Donato Relic


362 AD


CL. Chiesa di Santa Maria della Pieve, Arezzo


Chiesa San Michele


?


Facade from 1930s


OL. Built on Roman titularies


CL. Arezzo


Romanesque

"Crucifixion"


Margaritone


1230


CL. La Pieve, Arezzo

Catterdrale il Duomo


Arezzo

Xenotaph (A tomb without a body)


Guido Tarlati


CL. Duomo of Arezzo

"Crucifixion"


Cimabue


1270


OL./CL. Chiesa San Domenico, Arezzo

Piazza della Republica


OL. Built on the ruins of the Roman forum


CL. Florence

Palazzo Ufficio (Uffizi Galleries)


means "offices" in Italian


by Giorgio Vasari


for Cosimo I de' Medici


OL./CL. Florence

Santa Croce


Jewish architect (?) who was not allowed to be buried within


Fascist era (?)


OL./CL. Florence


Franciscan/Gothic

"Stigmatization of Saint Francis"

Giotto di Bondone


1320s


OL./CL. Bardi Chapel of the Franciscan Church Santa Croce in Florence

Bardi Chapel


Giotto di Bondone


1320s


OL./CL. Franciscan Church of Santa Croce in Florence

"Saint Francis Undergoing the Test by Fire before the Sultan" ("Trial by Fire")


Giotto di Bondone


1320s


OL./CL. Bardi Chapel of the Franciscan Church of Santa Croce in Florence

"The Death of Saint Francis"


Giotto di Bondone


1320s


OL./CL. Bardi Chapel of the Franciscan Church of Santa Croce in Florence


Franciscan

"The Holy Trinity with the Virgin, and Saint John and Donors" ("The Trinity")

Masaccio


1426-1427


OL./CL. Santa Maria Novella, Florence

Bacci Chapel ("The Legend of the True Cross")


Piero della Francesca


1452 - 1466


OL./CL. Basilica San Francesco, Arezzo

"The Dream of Constantine"


Piero della Francesca


1450s


OL./CL. Bacci Chapel of Basilica San Francesco, Arezzo


Francescan

"Enthroned Madonna with Saints" (Maestra)


Giotto di Bondone


1305 - 1310


OL. High Alter of Church of Ognissanti in Florence


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Venus of Urbino"


by Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)


for Guidubaldo della Rovere


1538


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"The Annunciation"


Leonardo da Vinci


1475 - 1480


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Tondo Doni" (The Holy Family)


Michelangelo Buonarroti


1507


OL. Bedroom of the wife of Doni


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Primavera" (Spring)


Botticelli


1480


OL. A Medici palace


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"The Birth of Venus"


Botticelli


1484


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"The Coronation of the Virgin"


Lorenzo da Monaco


1414


OL. Santa Maria degli Angeli (Monastery)


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Adoration of the Magi" (Strozi altarpiece)


Gentile da Fabriano


1423


OL. The Sacristy of Santa Trinita (family burial chapel)


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"The Battle of San Romano"


Paolo Uccello


1438


OL. Above Lorenzo Magnifico of the Medici's bed


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Madonna with Child and Two Angels" (Maestra)


Fra Filippo Lippi


1465


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Duke and Duchess of Urbino"


Piero della Francesca


1467 - 1470


CL. Uffizi Galleries

"Madonna and Child with Angels" (Maestra) ("The Madonna with the Long Neck")


Parmigianino


1534 - 1540


OL. Church of the Servities in Florence


CL. Uffizi Galleries



Colorito

(colore) - 16th century venetian term which uses an emphasis on color as an important compositional element

Disegno

Italian for "design" or "drawing" used to describe the emphasis on precise figure drawing in Florentine and Roman art, especially in the high Renaissance

"Enthroned Madonna and Child with Angels and Prophets" (Maestra)


1280


by Cimabue


OL. High Alter of Sta. Trinity in Florence


CL. Uffizi Galleries

Mendicant Orders

The Franciscans were a branch of this from the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Francis of Assisi. They were the first great Mendicant order. The pledged to poverty, chastity, and humility.

The Golden Legend

Book depicting the lives of Saints, both factual and fictional. 1260 by Jacobus de Voragine, a friar and archbishop of Genoa. An excellent view into the popular religious culture, with legends and traditions of the church. Widely read in late middle ages.

Continuous Narrative

Multiple scenes of narrative are seen in a single frame without dividers. (Example: "Adoration of the Magi")

Constantine Legitimizes Christianity

313 AD. While in Milan, this agreement was made with Licinius and aided in the spread of Christianity by helping to end persecution. (Seen in "The Dream of Constantine")

Iconostasis

A wall of icons and religious paintings, separating the nave from the alter in a church. "Poor man's Bible" (Example Lorenzo Monaco's "Coronation pf the Virgin")

Shape of the Roman Forum

Castrum: The Land


Cardo: Vertical road (N/S)


(Cardo Maximus: Main Road)


Decumanus: Horizontal road (E/W)


Forum: Building at the intersection between the two main roads


(example: Piazza della Republic in Florence is built on one)

Renaissance

1.) Rebirth of "Classical Antiquity" (the Greco-Roman world)


2.) Individualism


3.) The rise of the vernacular


-going away from Latin and towards Italian

Guelphs

-represented the merchant class, and were supported by the pope

Ghibellines

-represented the aristocracy, supported by the Holy Roman Empire

Cristus Triumphans

Latin meaning "triumphant Christ"


(examples: School of Pisa Cross No.15, Margaritone's Crucifixion)

Cristus Patiens

Latin meaning "suffering Christ"


(example: Cimabue's Crucifixion)

Biblia Pauperum

"Paupers Bible" (Poor Man's Bible)


-Illustrated Bibles printed with few to no words in the late Middle Ages for the illiterate masses.

In Situ

Latin meaning "On Site"


- A piece of artwork carved directly into the facade of a building or an artwork designed for a specific purpose and location (such as an altarpiece)


(example: Cimabue's "Enthroned Madonna and Child with angels and Prophets" altarpiece)

Vasarian Paradigm

-The paradime that all art is now judged based off of 1.) Michelangelo 2.) Da Vinci 3.) Raphael only because Giorgio Vasari deemed them to be the pinnacle of Renaissance art.

One Point Linear Perspective

A style of art that creates the sense of space using a single, fixed viewpoint and horizontals in a mathematical quality. (Example Masaccio's "Holy Trinity")

Titular Church

A private home of a wealthy family used as a church during Roman times (later, small local churches would be built on their foundation). (Example: San Michele was built on one)

Facade

The outer wall of a building, such as a church. Usually means the front and often highly decorated

Buon Fresco

"True Fresco" Wet on Wet process that reacts to create a glazed, protective coating. Causes colors to look dusty, but long lasting.


(example Giotto's Bardi Chapel at Santa Croce)

Fresco a secco

Wet on Dry process that creates vivid colors but wears away over time. Often used for restorations.


(example Giotto's Peruzzi Chapel at Santa Croce)

Fresco

A technique of painting pigment on top of plaster. Means "fresh" in Italian. Example: any chapel like "Legend of the True Cross"

Basilica

Secular Roman building used as public meeting spaces to conduct business and civil matters with side entrances into the side aisles, separated from the main part, the nave, by columns, with an alter at the end. (Example: Basilica San Francesco)