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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
altarpiece
panel situated above an altar
arcade
a series of arches supported by columns
arch
curved structure and is composed of wedge shaped blocks
arriccio
the first, rough layer of lime plaster in a fresco painting
baptistry
the building near the church used for baptism
bilaterally symmetrical
a plan in which the parts are the same on either side of an axis
burin
pointed tool used for engraving
campanile
bell tower situated next to the church
capital
uppermost member of a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel
clerestory
the part of a church that rises above the roofs of other parts (the window level) or second floor
coffer
a sunken panel in a vault
colonnade
series of columns
column
consist of a base, shaft, and capital/ vertical architecture member
condottiere
professional military leader employed by the italian city-states
contour line
continous line defining the outer shape of an object
cornice
crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment
crossing
space in the church where the nave and trasept cross
di sutto in su
a technique representing prespective
dome
hemispheric vault
erorche
a figure painted to show the muscles of the body as if without skin
engraving
the process of incising a design into a hard material
entablature
the part of a building above the columns and below the roof
facade
the front of a building
foreshortening
the use of perspective to represent the visual contraction of an object the extends back in space
fresco
painting on lime plaster either dry or wet
genre
style or category of art
gesso
chalk used in art
giornata
the section of a fresco that is expected to be completed in one day
glaze
applied to pottery to seal and decorate the surface
hatching
technique used in drawings in which fine lines are drawn close together to achieve shading
hue
the name of the color
humanism
an emphasis on education and on expanding knowledge, and the exploration of the individual
icon
portrait or image
iconography
writing of images in greek
intaglio
technique in which a design is scratched on a metal plate
international style
brilliant color, lavish costumes, ornate and involved lords and ladies
intonaco
final layer of plaster in fresco painting
maniera greca
the greek style
medium
the material in which an artist works with
memento mori
reminder of human mortality
modeling
shaping of 3 dimensional forms in a soft material such as clay
mural
wall painting
nave arcade
in the basilica, the series of arches supported by columns seperating the nave from the aisles
ogive
diagonal rib of a gothis vault
order
in classical architecture, a stlye represented by characteristic design of the columns
orthogonal
a line imagined to be behind and perpindicular to the picture plan/ tend to recede towards a vanishing point
pediment
in classical architecture, the triangular space at the end of a building and very ornamental
linear perspective
all parallell lines converge on one vanishing point located with reference to the eye level of the viewer
atmospheric or aerial perspective
creates the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity
pier
vertical, freestanding masonary support
pieta
painted/sculpture repressenting the virgin mary mourning over the dead body of christ
pilaster
flat, rectangular member projecting from a wall of which it forms a part
axial plan
parts of a building are organized longitudinally
cental plan
parts of the structure are of equal dimensions around the center
plan
horizontal arrangement of the parts of a building
predella
narrow ledge on ehich an altarpiece rests on an alter
primary colors
red, yellow, and blue
quatrefoil
shape in which the parts assume the form of a clover leaf
relief
figures projecting from the background of which they are part
rib
relatively slender, molded masonry arch that projects from the surgace
rustification
rough, unfinished masonary
sarcophagus
a coffin, usually of stone
school
stylistic classification of works of art with stipulation of place
sculpture in the round
freestanding figures
sfumato
softlike haziness that subtly outlines in painting
shaft
tall, cylinder part of the column
sinopia
burnt orange pigment used in drawing on the arricio in fresco paintings
stringcourse
raised horizontal molding usually reflecting interior structure
superimposed orders
orders of architecture characterised by doric,ionic, and corinthian
tempera
technique of painting using pigment mixed with egg yolk
terracotta
hard baked clay that is used for builing material
tondo
circular painting
transept
part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave
trefoil
cloverlike ornament or symbol with stylized leaves in groups of three
trompe l'oeil
form of illusionistic painting that aims to decieve viewers into believing that they are seeing real objects
vanishing point
point on which all orthogonal lines converge in a mathematical one point perspective
vault
ceiling constructed on the arch principle
barrel vault
deep arches (or many single arches)over an oblong space