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45 Cards in this Set

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Archaic period
c. 600 - 480 BC
Archaic Statues
used to represent dieties, mark graves, or be votive offerings or memorials
Classical period
and the sub-periods
c. 480 - 300 BC
Early Classical- c.480-450 BC
Middle Classical- c.450-400 BC
Late Classical- c.4th century BC
Clothing of Statues
males portrayed nude, females always clothed
Discobolos. Discus thrower originally cast in bronze by Myron ~450 so famous that later on Romans order many copies in marble (Cheaper)
Identify the following work of art
Doryphoros. Spearcarrier sculpted in bronze by Polyclitus ~440 BC. Perak more "real" male proportions.
Identify the following work of art
Geometric period
c. 1000 - 700 BC
Greek Sculpture
basically portrays "ideal" figures
Hellenistic period
c.323 - 31 BC
Geometric Krater. V ase, Geometric Period, c. 900 -700 BC bell krater, performed a funerary function, with geometric imagery, has a band with primitive, flat, stylized figures of both male & female, fig carrying shields shows Mycenaen influence
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Parthenon. Iktinos and Kallicrates, Athens, Temple, High Classical, 450 - 400 BC
Temple of Athena, Doric order w/ some Ionic characteristics (columns, tablature), entasis, golden rectangle, collonade all around, continuous frieze foreshadows new order
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Achilles and Ajax Playing a Dice Game. Exekias, Vase, Archaic, 600 - 480 BC
Black figure, amphora, awarded for competition, foreshadows classical moment, image is a moment of calm/ waiting before or after battle
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Apoxyomenos (The Scraper). Lysippos, sculpture (marble copy), Late Classical, 400 - 323 BC
athlete cleaning himself (oil), Lysippos own canon - more elongated, exaggerated "s" curve, more 3-D - on more than one plane
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Battle of Issus. Philoxenos of Eretria, mosaic, Hellenistic Greek Art, 323 - 31 BC floor mosaic, depicts battle scene, Alex. defeats King Darius of Persia
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Doryphoros. Polykleitos, sculpture (marble copy), Hellenistic, 450 - 400 BC
chiastic balance/ harmony of opposites, spear bearer,
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Battle of Issus. Philoxenos of Eretria, mosaic, Hellenistic Greek Art, 323 - 31 BC floor mosaic, depicts battle scene, Alex. defeats King Darius of Persia
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Hermes and the Infant Dionysos. Praxiteles, sculpture/ marble copy, Late Classical, 400 - 323 BC
broke with traditional canon, playfulness btwn 2 Greek gods/ less "heroic", softer facial expression & muscle definition, more elongated proportions (not previous stocky, atheletic build)
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The Laocoon Group. Athanadoros, Hagesandros and Polydoros of Rhodes, Marble sculpture, Hellenistic Greek Art, 323 - 31 BC
emphasis on dramatic moment, from story of Trogan War; Trogan hero, Laocoon, tried to warn the Trogan's of the horse bearing the Greek soldiers, Greek gods/goddess sent snakes to quiet/punish him
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Erechtheion. Athens, Temple, High Classical, 450 - 400 BC
Housed wooden figure of Athena, Ionic Order, continuous tablature, unusual assymetrical design
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Corinthian Amphora. Vase, Orientalizing period, c. 700 - 600 BC amphora with registers showing fantastic animals (siren) and heraldic figures
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Caryatid. Acropolis, Athens, South porch of Erectheion, High Classical, 450 - 400 BC
female figures used as columns, contrapposto stance, pattern variety in drapery
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Gaul Killing Himself and His Wife. Sculpture (marble copy), Hellenistic, 323 - 31 BC picks dramatic moment, not classical moment, Greeks thought of Gauls as barbarians, but revered them as symbols of heroic days of old, sculpture depicts Gaul warrior killing wife and himself after losing battle
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Kouros. Sculpture, Archaic, 600 - 480 BC Kouros means "man", functioned as a gravemarker, modelled on Egyptian sculpture
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Kritios Boy. marble sculpture, Early Classical Greek Art, 480 - 450 BC
no archaic smile, hair diff, contrappasto stance
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Nike of Samothrace. marble sculpture, Hellenistic Greek Art, 323 - 31 BC victory figure, filled with pathos (emotion), great deal of movement compared to classical more frozen, motionless
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Panathenaic Festival Procession. Freize, High Classical, 450 - 400 BC
continuous frieze, like a parade, depicts taking clothing to wooden statue of Athena, unusual bec. images are of ordinary Athenians on this temple (self-important aft defeating Persians), no emotion in faces of figures
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Peplos Kore. sculpture, Archaic, 600 - 480 BC
Kore means woman, Peplos is a garment, votive offering to Athena, archaic smile
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Zeus/ Poseidon. Bronze sculpture, Early Classical Greek Art, 480 - 450 BC
bronze, open style, all on one plane, cast in one piece
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Bull-Leaping Fresco. Fresco, Minoan, 3000 - 1400 BC
(stylized Minoan figures, highly animated)
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Palace at Knossos. Greek Island of Crete, Architecture, Minoan, 3000 - 1400 BC
(sophisticated w/ running water and sewer systems, structure added on to over period of yrs, stylized bull horns on bldg)
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The Lion Gate. Architecture, Mycenaean, 1500 - 1200 BC
(heraldic animal figures, relieving triangle, post and lintel)
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Kritios Boy. marble statue, 480 BC, perfect male dimensions,stance shows no movement, Sculptor Kritios abandoned rigid Kouros style
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Kuoros. created in 8th century B.C., it is the earliest Greek sculpture, it is a static male (female) figure
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material of the statues
marble, later (530 BC) cast in bronze to give more mobility (lighter material)
Name 3 Key Concepts about Geometric Greece
1. Period of rebuilding after the dark ages - emerge as city-states
2. designs reflect the simple forms of early cultures
3. decorations are geometric & figures are highly stylized simple shapes
Name 3 Key Concepts for the Orientalizing period of Greek art.
1. colonization of Ionic (Asia) & Italian coasts
2. extensive contact brings in eastern influences
3. fantastic animals, heraldic compositions, floral decorations, etc.
Orientalizing period
c. 700 - 600 BC
Riace bronzes. 2 bronze male statues (possibly Greek warrior memorials) found in ocean off of Italian Town of Riace. 450 BC. life-like.
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stance of Kouroi. shows no movement, definate Egyptian Influence.
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Zeus of Artemuseum. Football Zeus. Bronze statue of Zeus hurling a thunderbolt, found off Artemisium. 450 BC.
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Sir Arthur Evans. Archeologist - Inspired by Heinrich Schliemann who discovered the Minoan Culture c. 1900.
Who is this?
What are the Key Concepts of Minoan Culture?
1. Urbanized, maritime culture, located on many islands
2. Peaceful, traders & merchants
3. Palace may be source for myth of Minotaur
4. Defeated by warrior culture frm Greek mainland
What are the Key Concepts for the Mycenaean Culture?
1. On Greek mainland
2. Militaristic
3. Built massive defensive structures
What are the bracket dates for the period of Early Classical Greek Art?
480 - 450 BC
What are the Key Concepts for the Mycenaean Culture?
1. On Greek mainland
2. Militaristic
3. Built massive defensive structures