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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
large leaf conventionalized by Greeks for ornamental use, as in capital of Corinthian column
conventionalized honeysuckle or palm leaf ornament or pattern seen in Greek decoration
scroll and leaf pattern w/ sterns rising from root or other motif and branching in spiral forms; usually designed for vertical panel, and sides resemble each other (Rinceau – French term for scroll and leaf ornament, sometimes combined w/ cartouches or grotesque forms and applied to friezes, panels, or other architectural forms; usually a symmetrical horizontal composition)
lowest part of 3 principal divisions of classical entablature, corresponding to lintel; usually molded; directly supported by columns and supports the frieze; term is also used to define similar moldings used as door or window trim
originally, the principal central room or courtyard of Roman house, w/ central opening in roof; later, the forecourt of an Early Christian basilica; now, an open space w/i a building or building complex
semi-cylindrical in shape
Barrel Vault
ornamental sunken panel in ceiling, vault, or lower surface of an arch, beam, or other architectural feature
in architecture, a variant of Corinthian order; capital resembles combination of Ionic volute placed above rows of Corinthian acanthus leaves
most elaborate, slender, and graceful of classical orders in architecture; capital is enriched w/ 2 rows of acanthus leaves
small square projecting block in a cornice, part of a series as in a molding
oldest and simplest Greek order of architecture, also used by Romans
ornament used as molding decoration, consisting of ovoid forms separated by dart-like points
Egg and Dart
parallel concave grooves that are used to ornament a surface; in Classical architecture, they are commonly seen on shafts of columns and run in a vertical direction; spiral ... are frequently used on furniture supports; short ... are used as a frieze ornament
surfaces and moldings of a Classical order of architecture, consisting of architrave, frieze, and cornice, and forming upper portion of order; portion of order supported by column
in architecture, the central part of the Classical entablature, below the cornice and above the architrave; or a horizontal painted or sculpted panel; or a horizontal member beneath a table top
granular crystalline rock of quartz, feldspar, and mica; hardest and most durable building stone
made by the intersection of 2 barrel vaults at right angles
Groin Vault
in ornament, a band or border running pattern having the appearance of overlapping or interlacing circular forms
one of the classical orders in architecture; characteristic feature of capital of column is spiral-shaped volute or scroll; standard proportion of Roman column is 9 diameters high
space between triglyphs of a Doric entablature, often featuring a sculptured relief
hole cut in a piece of wood and intended to receive a tenon projecting from another piece of wood
in carpentry, a projection at the end of a piece of wood intended to fit into a hole (mortise) of corresponding shape on another piece of wood
recessed or hollow space in wall, intended to hold a statue or ornament
round window or roof opening
originally the triangular shape following the roof line at each exterior end of Greek temple, accentuated by moldings of entablature; later the same treatment was used as an ornamental feature and varied in shape, having segmental, scroll, and broken forms
flat-faced vertical projection from a wall, rectangular in plan but w/ general proportions, capital, and base of a column
colonnaded porch or walkway
building or room cylindrical in shape, usually topped w/ dome
stone blocks or steps that form lowest architectural feature of Greek temple and upon which columns stand
small cubes of stone, marble, or glass used in making a mosaic
construction in which the supporting members are the post and lintel, as distinct from arched construction
Trabeated Construction
blocks w/ vertical channels that are spaced at intervals between metopes on the frieze of the Doric entablature
literally, “fool the eye,” a French term for illusionistic painting or carving
Trompe L’Oeil
spiral, scroll-like form, as in Ionic and Corinthian capitals; a similar shape at the end of stair railing
in architecture, a wedge-shaped block used in construction of true arch; central ... is called Keystone