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29 Cards in this Set

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Etruscan Society emerged in what is present day ___ around 650 BCE.
Tuscany
Name three great civilizations that demonstably influenced Etruscan society.
1-Egyptian
2-Greek
3-Persian
The facial expression intended to animate otherwise "static" ancient sculture is known as the ___ ___.
archaic smile
True or False: Most classical Greek sculpture is nude, while most Etruscan sculpture is clothed.
True
True or False: It is commonly held that in Etruscan society, women and men stood on relatively equal footing.
True
Roman Civilization is commonly divided into two main periods. Name the periods and their approxomate dates.
1-Republic: 500-25BCE
2-Empire: 25-400CE
True or False: Early Rome was governed by a series of kings and an advisory body called the Senate.
True
Early Roman sculpture is very indiv idualistic. This trend is believed to come from the fact that many early portraits were taken from ___ ___.
death masks
The difference between Roman temples and Greek ones is that Roman temples used ___ columns to surround the inner room, while Greek temples used freestanding columns all the way around
engaged
Teh Pont du Gard was part of a system of structures that brought ___ to the city from as far away as 30 miles.
water
The term "Apotheosis" is the process of turning someone into a ___ or a ___.
god, saint
What is the difference between History and Propaganda?
History-an account of what happened
Propoganda-a contemporary argument about what happened
Compare and contrast the Imperial Procession of the Ara Pacis with the procession of the frieze on the Perthenon.
Compare- bas relief, procession /ritual,temple
Ara Pacis(144)-individual, irregular,Roman
Parthenon(p111)-ideal types, regular,Greek
The Roman Colosseum is essentially a __.
stadium
True or False: Romans used concrete extensively in their largest buildings.
true
The Arch of Titus celebrates the sack of __ in 70 CE.
Jerusalem
Interestingly, the invention of "serifs" on Roman letters added to the readability of Roman letterforms, but the Romans had not yet standardized __ __ __.
spaces between words
True or False: Roman women were excluded from the profession of writing.
False
Pompeii is a rich treasury of Ancient Roman culture. In early Pompeiian murals, hte practice of reproducing marble finish in paint is seen. Today we call this the practice of __ finishing.
faux (pronounced foe)
Bacchus was the Roman god of vegetables, fertility and __.
wine
The small pieces of colored stone or marble used in Roman murals are called __.
tesserae
The Roman empire under Trajan reached from the Middle east to __.
Britain
The statue of Marcus Aurelius survived the middle ages primariy because it was thought originally to be a statue of __.
Constantine
Marcus Aurelius was one of the five "Good Emperors" of Rome, but is also regarded today as a significant philospher of __.
stoicism
Hadrian's wall, 73 miles long, cuts the island of __ in half.
Britain
By 300 CE, the Roman Empire had become unstable and was divided by Diocletian into four zones ruled by a group known as the __.
tetrarchs
In 305, Constantine (son of a tetrarch) emerged as a Roman ruler. In his battle for domination, he had a dream that he would be victorious under the sign of the Chi-Rho, a capital letter P with an X on the ascender. This sign is the first two Roman letters of the word __.
Christos
In CE 313, Constantine issued the Edict of Milan, a declaration that granted __ __ throughout the Roman Empire.
religious freedom
Constantine ruled the Eastern Roman Empire and renamed the city of Byzantium. The renamed city, Constantinople became his capital city. It still exists in modern-day Turkey, and is now named __.
Istanbul