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66 Cards in this Set

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additive sculpture processes
sculptor builds the work, adding material as the work proceeds (modeling, assemblage, construction)
subtractive sculpture process
sculptor begins with a mass of material larger than the finished work ans removes from that mass until the work achieves its form
replacement sculpture processes
term for casting, in which wax is replaced by bronze
what are the four roles of the artist?
1-record the world
2-give tangible or visual form to ideas
3-reveal hidden/universal truths
4-help see the world in a new or innovative way
3 levels of iconography
1 pre-iconic (primary or natural subject matter;what you see)
2-convention (president-bring in more meaning)
3-taken account of time and place image was made
Methodologies of analyzing art
1-Expressionism (tangible form to ideas and emotions)
2-Formalism (atonomy, line, shape, color)
3-Instrumentalism (serves a purpose)
4-Marxism (political interests)
5-Activist
two categories of drawing materials
wet media and dry media
3 categories of site specific installations
1- physical (respond or conforms to physical limitations of actual space)
2-symbolic (responds to or employs the symbolic meaning or history of space)
3-time and place (responds to particular moment in time at/in specific place
Tolstoys conditions for omthing to be art
1-individuality
2-clearness
3-sincerity
In Joseph Beuys, I Like America and America Likes Me, the coyote was comparable to what?
comparable to Americans in Vietnam (performance piece-put in cage with coyote for weeks-coyote symbolized people we stereotype as beasts)
What is significant about Fred Wilson's work?
work brought out truths and exposed ugliness (shackels and arrangement of african work and white western)
encaustic
one of the oldest painting media- combination of piagments with hot wax
mimesis
imitation
pigment
powdered colors
medium or binder
holds particales of pigment together
support
surface painting on
ground
artists often prime (pre-treat) a support with a paint-like material that allows for easy application and support of paint
what is the "decisive moment" in photography?
Henry Cartier Bresson- the pure moment that a photographer can capture out of all the rest (ex:right before guy hits the water)
what are the different types of dry media?
metalpoint, chalk, charcoal, graphite, and pastel
what are the different types of wet media?
pen and ink, oil paint, brush wash, watercolor and acrylic
A mixture of chalk, colored pigment, and a non-greasy binder creates a dry media known as
pastel
The word ________ describes the materials and the process that artists use in their paintings, sculptures, ceramics and glassware.
medium
Charcoal, because of its tendency to smudge easily, was primarily used during the Renaissance for _________.
sinopie
basic printmaking processes: relief
any process in which any area of the plate not to be printed is carved away, leaving only the original surface to be printed
basic printmaking processes: intaglio
any form of printmaking in which the line is incised into the surface of the printing plate, including aquatint, drypoint, etching, engraving, and mezzotint
basic printmaking processes: lithography
a printmaking process in which a polished stone, often limestone, is drawn upon with a greasy material, the surface is moistened and then inked, the ink only sticks to the greasy lines of the drawing, and the design is tansferred to a moistened paper usually on a printing press
basic printmaking processes: silkscreen
a stencil printmaking process in which the image is transferred to paper by forcing ink through a mesh; areas not meant to be printed are blocked out
basic printmaking processes: monotype
a printmaking process in which only one impression results. in a top layer of paint is over a bottom layer of paint, when printed, the bottom layer will be the top and vise versa
elements of art
line, shape, space, color, texture
principles of design
unity, emphasis, balance, contrast, proportion, movement, variety, rhythm
content
the meaning of an image, beyond its overt subject matter, as opposed to form
woodcut
relief process in which a wooden block is carved so that those parts not intended to print are cut away, leaving the design raised
If an artist pushes the point of a burin across a metal plate, forcing the metal up in slivers in front of the burin, it is an intaglio process called
engraving
In the process of drypoint, why is it unusual to find an edition number higher than 25?
the burrs which hold the ink wear down after 25 prints
________ is the process which assures that the colors of a woodcut print will align perfectly.
registration
_________ is an intaglio technique that creates tonal areas of light and dark instead of relying upon line.
aquatint
________ is the process where the printing surface is completely flat.
lithography
The earliest type of printmaking became very refined in the late nineteenth century in a process called __________.
wood engraving
In aquatint,_________ adheres the resin to the plate.
heat
encaustic
A method of painting with molten beeswax fused to the support after application by means of heat
fresco (buon fresco and fresco secco
pigment is mixed with a limeater and then applied to a lime plaster wall
(buon=wet) (secco=dry)
tempera
A painting medium made by combining water, pigment, and, usually, egg yolk
watercolor
A painting medium consisting of pigments suspended in a solution of water and gum arabic
gouache
watercolor mixed with chinese white chalk (colors display light reflecting brillance, difficult to blend brush strokes)
mimesis
The concept of imitation, involving the creation of representations that transcend or exceed mere appearance by implying the sacred or spiritual essence of things
trompe l'oeil
A form of representation that attempts to depict the object as if it were actually present before the eye in three-dimensional space; literally "eye-fooling"
denotation
The direct or literal meaning of an image, as distinguished from its connotations
connotation
The meaning associated with or implied by an image, as distinguished from its denotation
________ is described as "—applying oil paint directly from the tube, with no thinner at all, to be molded and shaped to create three-dimensional surfaces."
impasto
high (haut) relief
A sculpture in which the figures and objects remain attached to a background plane and project off of it by at least half their normal depth
low (bas) relief
A sculpture in which the figures and objects remain attached to a background plane and project off of it by less than one-half their normal depth
ponderation
The principle of the weight shift, in which the relaxation of one leg serves to create a greater sense of naturalism in the figure
Which type of ceramics is fired at very high temperatures and gains a glossy shine after firing?
porcelain
One of the most important results of mixed media has been to ________ what might be called “the space of art.”
extend
The art and design style characterized by undulating, curvilinear, and organic forms that dominated popular culture at the turn of the century, and that achieved particular success at the 1900 International Exposition in Paris
Art Nonveau
A popular art and design style of the 1920s and 1930s associated with the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris and characterized by its integration of organic and geometric forms
Art Deco
Historically, "crafts" have been produced to provide a specific _________ need.
utilitarian
Wedgwood’s crowning achievement was his replication of the famous _________.
Partland Vase
An American architect who felt compelled to design furniture to match the interiors of his houses was _________.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Le Corbusier made a very famous declarative statement about modern architecture when he said, "The house _________."
is a machine for living
Le Corbusier made a very famous declarative statement about modern architecture when he said, "The house _________."
Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen
Historically, "crafts" have been produced to provide a specific _________ need.
utilitarian
Wedgwood’s crowning achievement was his replication of the famous _________.
Partland Vase
An American architect who felt compelled to design furniture to match the interiors of his houses was _________.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Le Corbusier made a very famous declarative statement about modern architecture when he said, "The house _________."
is a machine for living
Le Corbusier made a very famous declarative statement about modern architecture when he said, "The house _________."
Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen