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30 Cards in this Set

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catacomb
subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead.
cubiculum
a chamber in an early christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel.
Good Shephard
jesus christ as the good shepherd. "i am the good shepherd; the good shepherd gives his life for his sheep"
Jonah
story of miracle of salvation and mercy of god. resurrection of christ=story of jonah
relics
the body parts, clothing, or objects associated with a holy figure, such as the Budha or Christ or a Christian saint.
Nave
The central area of an ancient Roman basilica or of a church, demarcated from aisles by piers or columns.
Transept
the part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle.
aisles
the portion of a basilica flanking the nave and separated fro it by a row of columns of piers.
narthex
a porch or vestibule of a church, generall colonnaded or arcaded and preceding the nave.
clerestory
the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults
Basilica plan church
a church somewhat resemblimg the roman basilica usually enetered from one end and with an apse at the other
central plan church
the parts of the structure are of equal or almost equal dimensions around the center
pendentive
a concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome.
buttress
an exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault.
icon
a portrait or image;especially in byzantine art, a panel with a painting of sacred personages that are objects of veneration.
iconoclasm
destruction of images. in byzantium, the period from 726-843 when there was an imperial ban on images.
iconostasis
in byzantine churches, a screen or a partition, with doors and many tiers of icons, separating the sanctuary from the main body of the church.
theotokos
Greek, "bearer of God." the virgin mary, the mother of jesus.
cloisonne
decorative brickwork in later byzantine architecture
parchment
lambskin prepared as a surface for painting or writing
crusades
in medieval europe, armed pilgrimages aimed at recapturing the holy land from the muslims
radiating chapels
in medieval churches, chapels for the display of relics that opened directly onto the ambulatory and the transept
transverse arch
an arch separating one vaulted bay from the next
tympanum
the space enclosed by a lintel and an arch over a doorway
rib vault
a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them.
flying buttress
consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a serious of arches and a sold buttress to which it transmits lateral thrust.
compound pier
a pier with a group, or cluster, of attached shaft, or responds, especially characteristic of gothic architecture.
stained glass
in gothic architecture, the colored glass used for windows
lancet window
in gothic architecture, a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch
pilgramage
in romanesque times, pilgrimage was the most conspicuous feature of public devotion, proclaiming the pilgrim's faith in the power of saints and hope for theur special favor