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199 Cards in this Set

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dominance
principle of visual organization where certain elements are more important than others.
chiaroscuro
distribution of light and dark in a picture
volume
occupied space
Abstraction
nonrepresentational work arranged simply to satisfy artists' need from organization
futurism
submovement, based upon unterest in time, motion, and rhythm.
casting
sculptural technique pouring liquid into a mold.
proportion
comparative relationships between parts as a whole as to size
Addition
sculptural term meaning building up.
equivocal space
the viewer may see more than one relationship between art elemtents.
biomorphic shape
Irregular shape ressembling live organisms
monochromatic
only one hue
Additive color
adding red, blue, green = white
environmental art
form of art, that surrounds the view like an environment
composition
arrangement of all art elements, achieving a whole
radial
emanating froma central location
Abstract Art
One major form of nonrepresentational art of the 20th century.
line (actual)
path of a moving point made by a tool
assemblage (art style)
technique bringing a 3-D nature object to original position.
tactile
quality refering to sense of touch
amorphous shape
shape without clarity
hatching
repeated strokes of an art tool to create clustered lines.
closed-value composition
composition in which values are limited by the edges
subtraction
sculptural term for cutting away of materials
Abstract texture
texture derived from the apperearance of an actual surface but rearranged.
descriptive art
art based upon actual appearances.
balance
sense of equilibrium through work achieving unity.
mobile
3-dimensional moving sculpture
Abstract expressionism
nonrepresentatinal style that stresses emotional meaning.
intuitive space
illusion of space created by manipulating certain speace producing devices
asymmetry
without symmetry
shape
area that stands out b/c space around
aesthetics
theory of the artisitic, "beautiful"
happenings
form of participatory art where artis and viewers were engaged.
color-field painting
hard edge painting, involving the viewer psychologically.
repetition
used of smae visual effects a number of times in a composition
accent
to give emphasis to an element of composition bringing more attention.
gestalt
an organized whole in experience.
constructivism
total abstraction as the new realism in art in the 1920
shadow,shade,shading
darker value giving the illusion is turned away by light source
Actual Shape
positive areas
design
unplying a plan an artist has for a piece of work.
cast shadow
dark areas found on a surface
representational art
type of art where the subject is presented through visual art elements
academic
art stressing standards.
glyptic
quality of art material that can be carved or incraved.
atmospheric (aerial) perspective
illusion of deep space in graphic works
post-painterly abstraction
hard edge and color field painters related to geometric abstraction
analogous colors
colors related in hue.
expression
manifestation through artistic form of a quality of meaning.
chroma
the intensity of hue
plastic (art, line, shapem color, space, value, etc.)
3-dimensional art forms architecture, scultpture, and ceramics.
Actual texture
surface experienced through touch.
installations
interior or exterior settings of media created by an artist
color tetrad
any organization on a clor wheel forming a triangle
simultaneity
in art, the separate views representing points in time and space.
Allover pattern
repetition of design units over an entire surface.
fantastic art
artistic freedom from the emotional side of creativity.
bauhaus
german school of architecture
symmetry
duplication on both sides of the central axis
Action/Gestural Painting
Abstract-expressionist style, carrying a message without reference.
golden section
ratio of visual harmony 8:13
collage
artist crates the image by adhering real materials to the picture
naturalism
a description of things visuallly produced
Achromatic
differences of light and dark.
graphic art
2-dimensional art forms; drawing, painting, and making prints
calligraphy
elegant, decorative writing.
op art
form of abstract art directed on psychology of sight
approximate symmetry
similar imagery on either side of the central axis.
kinetic art
art involving an element of mechanical movement
dada
antiart, antieverything movement resulting from the effect of world war I.
mass
physical bulk of a solid body of material
art
formal expression of a conceived image.
de Stijl
dutch form of art feature the primary colors in a balanced structure or lines and rectangles.
closure
development of groupings
orthographic drawing
graphic representation of 2-dimensional views of an object
contour
line that defines the outermost limits of an object
economy
distallation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation.
concept
generalization
scale
association of size relative to a constant standard
cross-contour
line that defines the surface of an object
four-dimensional space
imaginative treatment to form giving a sense of motion
conceptual art
art conveying a message
space
measurable distance between points or images
curvilinear
stressing the use of curved lines
local (objective) color
color seen in the objective world
content
essential meaning of a work of art
modeling
sculptural technique of shaping pliable material
color triad
12 color wheel is made of the primary triad, secondary triad, and mix of remaining primaries.
implied line
missing portion of a line implied to continue.
atectonic
considerable amounts of space
neutralized color
color that has been grayed
conceptual preception
creative vision derived from the imagination.
isometric projection
drawing system where 3-dimensional oibject is presented 2-dimensionally.
cubism
creating the effect of a third dimension, on a two dimensional surface.
symbolism
1880, stating that he senses are inseoarable from human emotion and people are objects
classical
art forms characterized by a clear intellectual approach.
illustration
practice that stresses story situations
craftsmanship
quality of owrkmanship in tools or materials
performance art
type of art dervived from happenings in which the action is performed by a signle artist
decorative (ast, line, shape, color, space, etc.)
emphasizing the two-dimensional nature of an artwork.
harmony
quality of visual elements
sculpture
shaping 3-dimensional materials
implied shape
shape suggesting the visual appearance of a shape not existing
tectonie
quality of simple massiveness
golden mean
perfect proportions that avoid extremes.
negative area
empty space left over from positive elements
highlight
portion of an object that recieves the greatest amount of light
pictorialism
belief in the possibility of personal expression and beauty in art and science in photographic imagery
inventive texture
created texture whos only source is the imagination of the artist
subsitution
sculpture, replacing a medium with another
expressionism
form of art, where the desire to express what is felt rather than percieved
photogravure
process of painting a photographic image from an etched plate
intermediate color
color made by mixing a primary and secondary color
picture frame
boundary of picture plane
illusionism
imitationof visual reality on a surface
neoclassicism
1700, became offical art of the french government.
fractional representation
device used creating several spatial aspects of the the same subject and image.
style
artist expressive use of media for indivduality
low-key color
color w/ value level middle gray + darker
technique
skill which artist uses tools and materials for an expressive effect.
impressionism
form of realistic painting based on human vision.
subtractive color
sensation of color produced when wavelengths of light are reflected back and others have been subtracted
local value
relative of light and dark of a surface
realism
style of art retaining the basic impressiona of visual actuality without extreme details.
high-key value
value w/ a level of middle gray
planar (shape)
having to do with planes
genre
subject matter that concern everyday life.
modern art
1880 to 1960, nonrepresentational organized kinds of modern art
high-key color
color w/ value level of middle gray
subjective (art, shape, color, etc)
derived from mind reflecting emotion
hue
determined by specfic wavelength of the color in a ray of light.
rhythm
sense of movement achieved by repetition
elements of art
line, shape, value, texture, and color- the basic ingredents.
post-impressionism
artist restoring formal organization, lost in contemporary art
fauves (fauvism)
1905, Paris France began, expressionistic art but more decorative
papier colle
technique where scraps of paper are placed to enrich areas
interpenetration
movement of planes, object or shapes through each other.
relief sculpture
utilizing relatively shallow depth to establish images.
form
organization of visual elements developing unity
minimalism
abstract forms reduced to the barest essentials that reveal little variartion in use of elements
geometric shape
shape that appears to be related to geometry.
nonobjective, nonrepresentational (Art)
type of art entirly imaginative
intensity
saturation of a hue
pattern
any artistic design
infinite space
concept where the picture frame acts as a window
romanticism
visual art where a romantic spirit is the point of view
kinetic assemblage
assemblage that moves
positive areas
where art elements produce the subject
linear perspective (geometric)
system used to develop 3-dimensional images on a 2-dimensional surface.
untiy
ratio between harmony and variety
mass
physical bulk of a solid body of material
realist photography
opposed to pictorials, believing the honest use of materials and technology.
low-key value
value w/ level of middle gray + darker
movement
eye travel of a work of art
manipulation
scultptural technique of shaping pliable materials by hands or tools
perspective
graphic system used to create an illusion of 3-dimensional images
primitive art
art of people w/ a tribal social order
principles of organization
7 principles, creating unity; harmony, varitey, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
patina
coor pigments applied to sculptural surface
pop art
1960, form of art using mundane products of mass popular culture.
rectilinear shape
shape with boundries consisting of straight lines
voids
areas lacking positive substances, consists of negative space
picture place
actual flat surface executes a pictorial image
oblique projection (perspective)
technical drawing where 3-dimensional object is presented 2-dimensionally.
post-modernism
1970, art reaction to a worsened world.
pigments
color substance that give color property
neutrals
inclusion of color wavelengths that produce white, absence black.
trompe l'oeil
copies nature so exact that may be depicted as natural forms
neo-abstraction
hard core artist who remain abstract
moments of force
direction and degree of energy implied by art elements
tertiart color
color resulting from mixture of 3 primaries.
value pattern
organization of values that contol compositional movement
organic unity
componets of art are so vital that they maybe liken to a living organism.
paint quality
use of oaint to enrich a surface through texture
2-dimensional
pocessing height and weight
objective (art, shape)
type of art or shape based on physical actualities.
split-complements
color and the 2 colors on either side of the complement.
primary color
basic hues in any solor system used to mix all other colors
trompe l'oeil
copies nature so exact that may be depicted as natural forms
motif
designed units in repetition for a total composition to make dominant
optical perception
seeing where mind has no other fuction but the natural one
transparency
disant image seen through a nearer one
neo-expressionism
1980, psychic emotionalism of early 20th century expressionsim
op art
1950, form of abstract art directed on psychology of sight
medium, media
material and tools used to create visual elements
plane
area having height and width
silhouette
area bounded by contours of an object
open-value composition
composition where values cross shape boundries.
shallow space
illusion of limited depth
simultaneous contrast
2 different colors come into direct contact, intenifies the difference
secondary color
mixture of 2 primaries
3-dimensional
illusion of depth, as well as height width.
surrealism
emphazing fantasy, revealed through the subconscious mind
tension
forces of art elements puching or pulling effecting balance.
texture
surface character of a material through touch
tenebrism
technique in painting emphasizing chiaroscuro.
value
relative degree of light and dark
variety
differences changing the elements on composition adding interest.
sepectrum
band individual colors that result when white l;ight breaks through