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121 Cards in this Set

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What is the FM concerning the M16/A2 Rifle?
FM 3-22.9
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.
Preliminary Rifle Instruction
Downrange Feedback
Field Fire
Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act of firing while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures.
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
Steady Position
Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
Breathing
Trigger Squeeze
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?
Individual Foxhole supported
Basic Prone unsupported
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
Sight Alignment
Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the Acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
What is remedial action?
Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M16/A2.
Try to place the weapon on safe
Remove the magazine
Lock the bolt to the rear
Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M16/A2.
Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed.
Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear.
Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.)
Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward).
Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure.
Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle.
Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action
What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)
How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo
Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.
Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject
What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation
How do you clear a stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.
What does CLP stand for?
Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.
Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.
Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming.
Describe the M16/A2 Rifle
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 Rifle?
M193 – Ball
M196 – Trace
M199 – Dummy
M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)
What are the four steps required in order to mechanically zero the M16/A2?
1. Adjust the front sight post up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing.

2. Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, as viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the carrying handle and the 8/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle.

3. Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly
What are the steps required in order to battlesight zero the M16/A2?
. Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, as viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the carrying handle and the 8/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle. Then adjust the elevation knob one more click clockwise.

2. Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.
Describe the weights of the M16/A2 Rifle.
Without Magazine and Sling - 7.78 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 8.48 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 8.79 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
Burst - 90 rounds per minute
Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 Rifle?
3,100 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 550 meters
Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 800 meters
Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M16/A2 Rifle
Right hand twist 1/7
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2 Rifle?
210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M16A2 Rifle how much?
300 to 800 meters
What is the overall length of the M16/A2 Rifle?
39.63 inches
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M16/A2 rifle?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking
How do you perform a functions check on the M16/A2 Rifle?
Place the selector lever on safe. If the selector switch will not go on safe, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Place the selector lever on safe. Pull the trigger to the rear, the hammer should not fall.
Place the selector lever on semi. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.
Place the selector lever on burst. Pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear three times and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall
What is the FM concerning the M4 Rifle?
FM 3-22.9
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship
Preliminary Rifle Instruction
Downrange Feedback
Field Fire
Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act of firing while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
Steady Position
Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
Breathing
Trigger Squeeze
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?
Individual Foxhole supported
Basic Prone unsupported
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
Sight Alignment
Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the Acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
What is remedial action?
Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M4
Try to place the weapon on safe
Remove the magazine
Lock the bolt to the rear
Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M4
Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed.
Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear.
Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.)
Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward).
Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure.
Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle.
What are the steps required in order to mechanically zero the M4?
Adjust the front sight post up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing.
Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle.
Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly
What are the steps required in order to battlesight zero the M4?
Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the detachable carrying handle. The elevation knob remains flush.
Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.
Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action
What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)
How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.
Name the different categories of malfunctions for the M4 Rifle
Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject
What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation
How do you clear a stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.
Describe the M4 Rifle
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M4 Rifle?
M193 – Ball
M196 – Trace
M199 – Dummy
M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)
Describe the weights of the M4 Rifle without mgazine and sling, with sling and loaded 20 round magazine and with sling and loaded 30 round magazine
Without Magazine and Sling - 6.49 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 7.19 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 7.50 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M4 Rifle
Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
Burst - 90 rounds per minute
Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle?
2,970 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle
Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 500 meters
Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 600 meters
Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M4 Rifle
Right hand twist 1/7
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M4?
210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M4 Rifle how much?
300 to 600 meters
What is the overall length of the M4 Rifle?
Buttstock Closed - 29.75 inches
Buttstock Open - 33.00 inches
What are the four positions for the buttstock of the M4 Rifle?
Closed
1/2 Open
3/4 Open
Full Open
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M4 rifle?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking
What part of the M4 Rail Adapter System may be removed to perform PMCS?
Only the Lower Assembly
What is the maximum range of the M249 (SAW)?
3,600 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M249 with tripod and T+E?
1,000 meters
What is the maximum range of the M249 against an area target for both tripod and bipod?
Tripod – 1,000 meters
Bipod – 800 meters
What is the maximum range of the M249 against a point target for both tripod and bipod?
Tripod – 800 meters
Bipod – 600 meters
What does S.A.W. stand for?
Squad Automatic Weapon
What is the weight of the M249?
16.41 pounds
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M249?
1,000 rounds (in 200 round drums)
What is the length of the M249?
40.87 inches
Describe the M249
The M249 machine gun is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt or magazine-fed, automatic weapon that fires from the open-bolt position
What FM covers the M249?
FM 3-22.68
What are the rates of fire for the M249?
Sustained rate is 100 rounds per minute
Rapid rate is 200 rounds per minute
Cyclic rate is 650 to 850 rounds per minute
What are the proper procedures for clearing the M249?
1. Moves the safety to the fire “F” position by pushing it to the left until the red ring is visible.
2. With his right hand, palm up, pulls the cocking handle to the rear, locking the bolt in place.
3. While holding the resistance on the cocking handle, moves the safety to the SAFE position by pushing it to the right until the red ring is not visible. (The weapon cannot be placed on safe unless the bolt is locked to the rear.)
4. Returns and locks the cocking handle in the forward position.
5. Raises the cover and feed mechanism assembly, and conducts the five-point safety check for brass, links, or ammunition:

(1) Checks the feed pawl assembly under the feed cover.
(2) Checks the feed tray assembly.
(3) Lifts the feed tray assembly and inspects the chamber.
(4) Checks the space between the bolt assembly and the chamber.
(5) Inserts two fingers of his left hand in the magazine well to extract any ammunition or brass.

6. Closes the cover and feed mechanism assembly and moves the safety to the “F” position. With his right hand, palm up, returns the cocking handle to the rear position. Presses the trigger and at the same time eases the bolt forward by manually riding the cocking handle forward.
What are the 8 major groups of the M249?
Operating Rod Group
Barrel Group
Handguard Group
Buttstock and Buffer Assembly Group
Trigger Mechanism Group
Gas Cylinder Group
Bipod Group
Receiver Group
The M249 is loaded, fired, unloaded and cleared from what bolt position?
The open bolt position
What are the steps to the cycle of functioning for the M249?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Cocking
How do you adjust for windage with the M249?
Adjustments for windage are made by traversing the rear sight right and left along the sliding scale
How do you adjust for elevation with the M249?
Adjustments for elevation (range) require the automatic rifleman to turn the elevation knob (closest to the buttstock) on the rear sight to the desired range setting.
Name 3 assault firing positions used with the M249
Shoulder
Hip
Underarm
What are two unique features of the M249?
It has a regulator to change the rate of fire, and it is fed by M16 magazines as well as belt fed
If you turn the M203 windage screw one increment, how far does that move the strike of the round at 200 meters?
1 and 1/2 meters
What is the maximum range of the M203?
About 400 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M203 against a fire team sized area target?
350 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M203 against a vehicle or weapon point target?
150 meters
What is the minimum arming range of the 40 mm round fired from the M203?
14 to 38 meters
What is the rate of fire of the M203?
5 to 7 rounds per minute
What Field Manual covers the M203?
FM 3-22.31
What is the casualty radius of a M203 40 mm HE round?
5 meters
What are the 4 fundamentals of M203 marksmanship?
Steady Position
Aiming
Breathing
Trigger Control
The M203 uses several fixed type, low velocity 40 mm rounds. Name some of the common types of rounds used
M433 – High Explosive Dual Purpose
M406 – High Explosive
M83A1 (white), M661 (Green), M662 (Red) – Star Parachute
M585 – White Star Cluster
M713 (Red Smoke), M715 (Green Smoke), M716 (Yellow Smoke) – Ground Marker
M781 – Practice
M651 – Tactical CS
Buckshot
What are the two common malfunctions of the M203?
Failure to cock
Failure to lock
What are the five common stoppages of the M203?
Failure to fire
Failure to extract
Failure to eject
Failure to chamber
Safety Fails to stay in position
What are the two types of sights on the M203?
Leaf
Quadrant
Describe the M203
The M203 grenade launcher is a lightweight, single-shot, breech-loaded, pump action (sliding barrel), shoulder-fired weapon that is attached to an M16 rifle series, or the M4 carbine series with the M203A1, and M4 carbine series with the rail system.
At what range do you zero the M203?
200 meters
How must you maintain the M203 Grenade Launcher in varying climates?
Extreme Heat: Lubricate with CLP, grade 2.
Damp or Salty Air: Clean the weapon and apply CLP, grade 2, frequently.
Sandy or Dusty Air: Clean the weapon and apply CLP, grade 2, frequently. Remove excess CLP with a rag after each application.
Temperatures Below Freezing: When the weapon is brought in from a cold area to a warm area, keep it wrapped in a parka or blanket, and allow it to reach room temperature gradually. If condensation forms on the weapon, dry and lubricate it at room temperature with CLP, grade 2, before returning it to cold weather. Otherwise, ice will form inside the mechanism
How long should you wait before opening the breach to unload the weapon if you happen to have a misfire with the M203?
30 seconds
What is the weight of the M9 pistol with an empty magazine?
2.1 Pounds
Describe the M9 pistol
The M9 pistol is a 9-mm, semiautomatic, magazine fed, recoil-operation, double-action weapon chambered for the 9-mm cartridge
Describe the magazine for the M9
A standard staggered box magazine designed to hold 15 rounds
What is the weight of the M9 pistol with a 15 round magazine?
2.6 pounds
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M9?
45 Rounds
How many rounds can a magazine designed for the M9 hold?
15 Rounds
What are the two types of ammunition used by the M9?
Cartridge, 9-mm ball, M882 with/without cannelure).
Cartridge, 9-mm dummy, M917
What Field Manual covers the M9?
FM 3-23.35
What are the proper clearing procedures for the M9?
Place the decocking/safety lever in the SAFE down position.
Hold the pistol in the raised pistol position.
Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine from the pistol.
Pull the slide to the rear and remove any chambered round.
Push the slide stop up, locking the slide to the rear.
Look into the chamber to ensure that it is empty.
What are the steps required to perform a function check for the M9?
Clear the pistol in accordance with the unloading procedures.
Depress the slide stop, letting the slide go forward.
Insert an empty magazine into the pistol.
Retract the slide fully and release it. The slide should lock to the rear.
Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine.
Ensure the decocking/safety lever is in the SAFE position.
Depress the slide stop. When the slide goes forward, the hammer should fall to the forward position.
Squeeze and release the trigger. The firing pin block should move up and down and the hammer should not move.
Place the decocking/safety lever in the fire POSITION.
Squeeze the trigger to check double action. The hammer should cock and fall.
Squeeze the trigger again. Hold it to the rear. Manually retract and release the slide. Release the trigger. A click should be heard and the hammer should not fall.
Squeeze the trigger to check the single action. The hammer should fall
What are the steps to the cycle of operation of the M9?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking
How do you perform immediate action for the M9?
Ensure the decocking/safety lever is in the FIRE position.
Squeeze the trigger again.
If the pistol does not fire, ensure that the magazine is fully seated, retract the slide to the rear, and release.
Squeeze the trigger.
If the pistol again does not fire, remove the magazine and retract the slide to eject the chambered cartridge. Insert a new magazine, retract the slide, and release to chamber another cartridge.
Squeeze the trigger.
If the pistol still does not fire, perform remedial action
How do you perform remedial action for the M9?
Clear the pistol.
Inspect the pistol for the cause of the stoppage.
Correct the cause of the stoppage, load the pistol, and fire.
If the pistol again fails to fire, disassemble it for closer inspection, cleaning, and lubrication
What are the major components of the M9?
Slide and Barrel assembly
Recoil spring and Recoil Spring guide
Barrel and Locking Block Assembly
Receiver
Magazine
What is the maximum range of the M9?
1800 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M9?
50 meters
What are the three safety features found on the M9?
Decocking
Safety Lever
Firing Pin Block