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47 Cards in this Set

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What survival concept does each letter in the word SURVIVAL stand for?
S- Size up the situation
U- Use all your senses
R- Remember where you are
V- Vanquish fear and panic
I- Improvise
V-Value living
A- Act like the natives
L- Live by your wits, but for now learn basic skills
What is the FM that covers "Survival"?
FM 3-05.70
What would your reaction be to an overhead flare at night?
Immediately crouch or lie down, stop all movement and close one eye to keep "night vision" in one, while scanning with the other
What are the 9 common senses of Dehydration?
Dark urine with a very strong odor
Dark, Sunken eyes
Low urine output
Fatigue
Loss of skin elasticity
Emotional instability
Thirst
"Trench line" down center of tongue
Delayed capillary refill in the fingernail beds
What are the basic rules for water consumption in an arid area?
At temperatures below 100 degrees Fahrenheit, drink one pint of water every hour.
At temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, drink one quart of water every hour
Is it always safe to eat and drink what the animals eat and drink?
No, some animals are able to eat and drink something that may be harmful to humans
In any situation, cleanliness is an important factor in preventing infection and disease. It becomes even more important in a survival situation. Poor hygiene can reduce your chances of survival. What are some key areas to focus on to maintain good personal hygiene?
Keep your hands clean
Keep your hair clean
Keep your clothing clean
Keep your teeth clean
Take care of your feet
Get sufficient rest
Name 4 crucial factors in staying healthy
Having adequate food and water
Practicing good personal hygiene
Getting sufficient rest
Keeping your immunizations up-to-date
What is Stress?
Stress is not a disease that you cure and eliminate. Instead, it is a condition we all experience. Stress can be described as our reaction to pressure. It is the name given to the experience we have as we physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually respond to life's tensions.
Do we need STRESS?
Yes, it has many positive benefits. Stress provides us with challenges; it gives us chances to learn about our values and strengths. The goal is to have stress, but not an excess of it. Too much stress can take its toll on people and organizations. Too much stress leads to distress. Distress causes an uncomfortable tension that we try to escape and, preferably, avoid
What are a few of the common signs of distress you may find in yourself or fellow soldiers you may find when faced with too much stress?
Difficulty making decisions
Angry Outbursts
Forgetfulness
Low energy levels
Constant worrying
Propensity for mistakes
Thoughts about death or suicide
Trouble getting along with others
Withdrawing from others
Hiding from responsibilities
Carelessness
What are some of the natural reactions / emotions you are likely to experience in a survival situation?
Fear
Anxiety
Anger
Frustration
Depression
Loneliness
Boredom
Guilt
What are some of the difficulties in operating in arid areas?
It is hard to find food, water and shelter.
Physical movement is demanding.
Land navigation is difficult.
There is limited cover and concealment.
What are some methods of improving the taste of wild plants?
Soaking
Boiling
Cooking
Leaching
What heat effects must be considered in an arid area?
Direct sun
Reflective heat gain
Conductive heat gain
Hot blowing winds
Why should you only drink milk from green coconuts rather than ripe mature coconuts?
The milk from the Mature Ripe coconuts contain an oil that acts like a laxative
What are a few types of stresses that you could be exposed to in a Survival setting?
Injury, Illness or Death
Uncertainty and Lack of Control
Environment
Hunger and thirst
Fatigue
Isolation
What is the depth of a hasty fighting position?
18 to 20 inches deep
What is “Dead Space”?
An area that cannot be fired upon within a weapons sector
What is “Scanning”?
Focusing your attention on an object without looking directly at it. (The proper method to scan is to move your eyes in short, irregular movements)
What would your reaction be to an overhead flare?
Immediately crouch or lie down, and stop all movement
What is the Low-crawl used for?
To move through places where concealment is limited and enemy fire prevents you from getting up
In order to maintain your heath, what rules must you follow?
Prevent dehydration
Eat sufficient food
Maintain high personal hygiene
When you have been firing from one position, what should you do before you move?
Roll or crawl a short distance from your position before moving
What is the High-crawl used for?
When concealment is good, but enemy fire prevents you from getting up
What is the most important need in a survival situation?
Water
What are the five factors for selecting a hide site when evading the enemy?
B -blends in with the surroundings
L -low in silhouette
I -irregular in shape
S -small in size
S -secluded
What should you avoid when seeking shelter?
Avoid using existing buildings or shelters.
What are the eight rules for avoiding detection?
Identify the threat’s capabilities
Avoid detection
Use countermeasures against the enemy
Apply realistic camouflage
minimize movement
Use decoys
continuously avoid detection
Avoid operational/terrain patterns
What is a “Rally Point”?
An area where a platoon or section moves when it has become dispersed
When you move through tall grass, why do you change direction from time to time?
To avoid being seen by the enemy
What is a hole-up area?
After hiding for several days, it is an area where you can recuperate and get or prepare food
What is a Recon Patrols mission?
To provide accurate information on the enemy and terrain
When is it most feasible to travel while in a survival situation?
At night
When should an evader attempt to contact friendly troops once near?
When there is enough light to be identified by the friendly forces.
What are the three types of operation orders?
Warning Order
Fragamentary Order
Operation Order.
What are the five parts to a combat order?
Situation
Mission
Execution
Service Support
Command & Control
When marching on roads during daylight hours, what is the recommended distance between soldiers?
2-5 meters between soldiers
50 meters between platoons
100 meters between companies
When marching on roads during night hours, what is the recommended distance between soldiers?
1-3 meters between soldiers
25meters between platoons
50 meters between companies
When constructing a defensive position as a platoon or squad, what should the rest of the platoon or squad be doing?
Providing Security
What is a patrol?
Operations conducted to gather mission critical information
What is “manually supporting fire”?
When weapons are placed in support of neighboring fighting positions (interlaced fields of fire).
What are the three types of movement techniques used in combat?
High-crawl
Low-crawl
Rush
When marching, what is the distance that should be covered during the night on a road or cross country?
Road = 3.2kilometers per hour
Cross Country = 1.6kilometers per hour
When marching, what is the distance that should be covered during daylight hours on a road or cross country?
Road = 4 kilometers per hour
Cross Country = 2.4 kilometers per hour
How long does it take for your eyes to develop their "night vision"?
About 30 minutes
What formation is normally used during tactical road marches?
Column of two, one file on each side of the road