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50 Cards in this Set

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What is the FM concerning the M16/A2 Rifle?
FM 3-22.9
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.
1. Preliminary Rifle Instruction
2. Downrange Feedback
3. Field Fire
4. Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
5. Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
1. Steady Position
2. Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
3. Breathing
4. Trigger Squeeze
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?
1. Individual Foxhole supported
2. Basic Prone unsupported
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
1. Sight Alignment
2. Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the Acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
What is remedial action?
Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M16/A2.
1. Try to place the weapon on safe
2. Remove the magazine
3. Lock the bolt to the rear
4. Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M16/A2.
1. Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed.
2. Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear.
3. Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.)
4. Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward).
5. Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure.
6. Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle.
What is immediate action?
mmediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)
Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.
1. Failure to feed, chamber or lock
2. Failure to fire cartridge
3. Failure to Extract
4. Failure to Eject
What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.
What does CLP stand for?
* Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.
* Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.
* Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming.
Describe the M16/A2 Rifle.
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 Rifle?
1. M193 – Ball
2. M196 – Trace
3. M199 – Dummy
4. M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
5. M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
6. M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
7. M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)
Describe the weights of the M16/A2 Rifle
* Without Magazine and Sling - 7.78 pounds
* With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 8.48 pounds
* With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 8.79 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M16/A2 Rifle.
* Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
* Burst - 90 rounds per minute
* Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 Rifle?
3,100 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M16/A2 Rifle.
* Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
* Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 550 meters
* Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 800 meters
Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Right hand twist 1/7
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2 Rifle?
210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M16A2 Rifle how much?
300 to 800 meters
What is the overall length of the M16/A2 Rifle?
39.63 inches
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M16/A2 rifle?
1. Feeding
2. Chambering
3. Locking
4. Firing
5. Unlocking
6. Extracting
7. Ejecting
8. Cocking
What is the purpose of the D.A. Military Awards Program?
The objective of the DA Military Awards Program is to provide tangible recognition for acts of valor, exceptional service or achievement, special skills or qualifications, and acts of heroism not involving actual combat.
What is the highest peacetime award for valor?
The Soldiers Medal
During peacetime, who is the approving authority for the Soldier's Medal?
HQ Perscom
What is an Award
A decoration, medal, badge, ribbon, or appurtenance bestowed on an individual or a un
What is a decoration?
An award to an individual for a specific act of gallantry or service
What is DA Form 7013?
Certificate of Appreciation
What are the six groups that individual awards can be categorized into?
1. Decorations
2. Good Conduct Medal
3. Service Medals
4. Service Ribbons
5. Badges and Tabs
6. Certificates and Letters
What is the highest award given by the Army in time of war?
The Medal of Honor
What is engraved on the reverse side of the Medal of Honor?
The grade, name, and organization of the awardee are engraved on the reverse of the Medal of Honor.
What is engraved on the reverse side of every Decoration or Good Conduct Medal other than the Medal of Honor?
The name of the awardee only
The “V” Device is authorized for wear on what decorations?
* Distinguished Flying Cross
* Bronze Star Medal
* Air Medal
* Joint Service Commendation Medal
For what is the Good Conduct Medal given?
For exemplary behavior, efficiency, and fidelity
What three words are inscribed on the front of the Good Conduct Medal?
Honor, Efficiency, and Fidelity
Who are the final approving authorities for the AAM, ARCOM, MSM, LM and DSM?
* AAM = Lieutenant Colonel and above
* ARCOM = Colonel and above
* MSM = Major General and above
* LM = Lieutenant General and above
* DSM = U.S. Army Chief of Staff
Who can make recommendations for an award?
ny person having knowledge of an outstanding act or achievement
What is the word inscribed on the suspension bar of the Medal of Honor?
What three words are inscribed on the front of the Good Conduct Medal?
Honor, Efficiency, and Fidelity
To whom is the Purple Heart awarded?
To anyone, military or civilian, wounded or killed in action against an armed enemy
What is the second highest award for valor?
The Distinguished Service Cross
What was the first medal awarded in the U.S. Army?
The Purple Heart
What is a DA Form 4950?
Good Conduct Medal Certificate
What Army Regulation covers the wear and appearance of the military uniform?
AR 670-1
Name the four Special Skills Tabs
1. Ranger
2. Special Forces
3. Presidents Hundred
4. Sapper
What DA Form is used to recommend /request an award?
DA Form 638
What Army Regulation governs Awards and Decorations?
AR 600-8-22
What are the three U.S. Army Combat Badges?
1. Combat Infantryman Badge (CIB)
2. Combat Action Badge (CAB)
3. Combat Medical Badge (CMB)