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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gregorian plainchant
Vocal music - sung by the monks
British folk music
Early emotional music mainly sung by miners, farmers, sailors and villagers
Serialism
20th Century innovation using 12-tone note rows - sounds atonal
Blues
Music that developed from slavery
Mode
Early form of scale - mainly used in plainchant
Pentatonic
Scale used in British folk music
Tone-row
A series of 12 notes in order consisting of a mixture of sharps and flats
Whole-tone
The difference between these notes is always 1, there is a black note in between each note.
Blue-note
Extra notes added that are enharmonic within a selected key
Q+A phrase
Instruments suggest a musical idea and other players answer
Anacrusis
Is the upbeat to a piece of music - like jumping into a swimming pool
Answering phrase
Instruments would finish the phrase with some form of musical close
Perfect cadence
Chord V-I - a closed finished
Plagal cadence
IV-I "arh men"
Interrupted cadence
Chord V followed by a suprise chord
Imperfect cadence
The piece stops, but suggests that it will continue
Modulation
Change of key
Tonic
Gin and tonic - home key
Dominant
5th of the home key (+5)
Relative minor
Sounds sad (-3) from the tonic key
Relative major
Sound happy (+3) from the minor key
Binary form
2 sections - AB
Ternary form
3 sections - ABA
Rondo
Recurring sections - ABACAD
Theme & variations
Simple theme that is developed e.g. Frere Jacques
da capo
Repeat from the beginning
Coda
Ending of a piece of music
Verse
Section of a song that falls before a chorus
Chorus
The main part of a song that falls after a verse
Intervals
The difference between notes in a piece of music
2nd
e.g. C-D
3rd
e.g. C-E
4th
e.g. C-F
5th
e.g. C-G
6th
e.g. C-A
7th
e.g. C-B
Octave
e.g. from a low C to a high C (up 8 notes)
Unison
Parts moving together
Tone
e.g. from C to D - there is another note inbetween we call this a tone
Semi-tone
e.g. from C to C# - there is no other note inbetween we calle this a semi-tone
Repetition
repeating a musical idea or melody
Inversion
Rearranging the notes of a chord
Ascending
musical ideas going up
Descending
musical ideas going down
Sequence
Short pattern that ascends or descends
Motive
Short melodic or rhythmic idea
Retrograde
Playing an idea/tone-row backwards
Imitation
Copying another instrument/melody line
Ornamentation
How melody lines are decorated mainly in Renaissance and Baroque music
Passing-note
A note that falls between to other notes (normally outside of the key)
Trill
Fast oscillation between 2 notes (normally above the melody note)
Turn
Like a rollercoaster (you play a series of notes that surrounds the main note)
Grace-note/appoggiatura
Like a frog jumping acorss a lily pad - this note is a quick note that proceeds the main note
Soprano
High female voice
Alto
Low female voice
Tenor
High male voice
Bass
Low male voice
Baroque orchestra
Relatively small in size mainly strings led
Classical orchestral
Bigger than the Baroque orchestra
String quartet
4 string instruments normally violin, viola, cello and doublebass
Continuo
Mainly played by the harpsichord - plays chords/moving bass lines
Choir
A group of singers (can be mixed)
Major scale
Series of notes TT ST TTT ST
Minor scale
Series of notes TST TTST TT
Pentatonic scale
5 tones/notes
Raga`
Series of ordered notes using a mixture of white and black creates an eastern flavour