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119 Cards in this Set

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Meander
Key pattern around the rim of a krater
Dipylon Krater
One of the earliest examples of greek figure painting.

Found in the Dipylon Cemetary in Athens

Depicts the mourning of a man laid out on his bier, and the procession taking place in his honor.
Centaur
Half man, half horse
Nessos
the centaur who had volunteered to carry hero's bride across the river and then assaulted her.
Herakales and Nessos
small bronze sculpture of hero and centaur.

one of earliest found sculptures in ancient greece.
Orientalizing Period
When the greeks were heavily influenced by the eastern artwork, especially small sculptures
Mantiklos Apollo
a small bronze status dedicated to the godess Apollo in the 7th century found at thebes by a random man named Mantiklos

Made from bronze and has elongated abdominals and pectorals
Slip
Liquified Clay
Glaze
the "pigment" found on greek vases that was painted on the clay
The "Black Spots on the Vases"
was made by first oxidizng the clay by firing the vases turning both the slip and glaze red.

then the reducing phase shut off the oxygen to the furnace and turned it black

then the re-oxidizing phase turned the slip red again leaving the rest black
Abacus
the tablet like slab that forms the uppermost part of a capital
acropolis
"top of the city"; the natural citadel of a greek city that served as a fortification or religious center
adyton
the innermost part of a sanctuary of a building housing the place where, in a temple with an oracle, the orcale's message was delivered
agora
a large open area in ancient greek cities that servied as public meeting place, marketplace or mcivic center
amphora
a greej jar with a n egg shaped body and two curved handles. Used for storing wine or oil
antae
pilasters of slight projection, terminating the walls of a cella
archaic style
a style in early greek art, marked by increased naturalism seen especially in the two predominant sculptural types. Kouros and Kore
architrave
The bottom layer of an entablature
bard
a singer of songs about the deeds of heroes and the ways of the gods
black-figure
a style in greek pottery decoration composed of black figures against a red background
buon fresco
the technique of applying pigment mixed with water onto wet plaster so that the paint is absorebed by the plaster and becomes part of the wall
capital
a sculpted block that forms the uppermost part of a column
cella
the principal interior space of a greek buiding, especially a temple
column
a vertical element that serves as an architectural support, usually consisting of capital, shaft and base
corinthian order
the most elaborate of the greek architectual orders, distinguished by a capital decorated with acanthus leaves
cyclopean masonry
walls made of huge blocks of rough-hewn stone, so called because of myth that a race of monsters known as cyclopes built them
dactyl
an element of meter in poety consistiong of one long syllable followed by two short syllables
deme
a division of the athenian political system composed of small local areas comparable to modern day precincts or wards
democracy
rule by the people
doric order
the oldest and simplest order of the greek architectural orders characterized by a heavy column that stands directly on a temples stylobate
echinus
the rounded part of a capital
elevation
the arrangement, proportions and appearance of a temple foundation, columns and lintels
engaged column
a half column that projects from a wall but serves no structural purpose
entablature
the uppermost horizontal elements of an order composed of the cornice, frieze and architrave
entasis
a swelling of the shaft of the column
epic conventions
standard ways of composing an epic
faience
a type of earthenware ceramic decorated with glazes
feudial
a system of political organization based on ties of allegiance between a lord and those who owed their welfare to him
formulaic epithet
a descriptive phrase applied to a person o r thing, serving as an aid to memory in oral recitation
geometric style
a style of early greek ceramics characterized by cirles, rectangles, and triangles in parallel bands
hexameter
a poetic form composed o siz metrical units per line
hubris
exaggerated pride and self confidence
ionic order
one of the greek architectual orders characterized by columns either or caryatids or with scrolled capitals
Kore
a freestanding sculpture of a maiden
kouros
a freestanding sculpture of a nude male
lyric poem
poetry generally written to be accompanied by a lyre
naturalism
a style in art that seeks to represent forms, including the human body, as they appear in nature
order
in classical gree architecture, the relationship of an elevations three vertical elements: platform, column, and entablature
pantheon
all the gods as a group
pediment
the triangular area over a porch
peristyle
a row of columns
platfrom
a raised horizontal surface
polis
the greek city state that fromed the center of cultural life
pronaos
the enclosed vestibule at the front of a greek building, especially a temple
red-figure
a style in greek pottery decoration composed of red figures against a black background
relieving triangle
a triangular shaped opening above a lintel that relieves some of the weight the lintel bears
repousse
a metalworking technique of creating a design in relief by hammering or pressing on the reverse side
shaft grave
a deep vertical pit enclosed in a circle of stone slabs
spondee
an element of meter in poety consisting of two long syllables
stylobate
te top step of the raised platform of a temple
symposium
in ancient greexe, a gathering of men initially for the purpose of sharing poetry, food and wine
tholos
a round building
volute
a scroll like motif on a columns capital
antagonist
one who represents an opposing will
axis
an imaginary central line
caryatid
a female figure that serves as a column
chorus
the company of actors who comment on the action of some greek dramas, both tragedies and comedies
classical
refers specifically to the art of the greeks in the fifth century bce
colonnade
a row of columns
comedy
an amusing or lighthearted play designed to evoke laughter in an audience
contrapposto
italian conterpoise, a term used to describe the weight-shift stance developed by the ancient greeks in which figure is supported by one leg
dialect method
a process of inquiry and instruction characterized by continous questiona nd ansewer dialogue designed to elicit a clear statement of knoledge
encaustic
a paint medium composed of beeswax and bigment
entasis
a swelling of the shaft of a column
expressionism
the attempt to elicit an emotional response in a viewrer
farce
a broadly satirical comedy
golden mean
philosophically, the middle ground between any two extremes of behavior
hellenistic
a period of greek history that begins with the death of alexander the great and extends to the roman deveat of cleopatra in 30bce
humanism
a focus on the actions of human beings, especially political action
idealism
the eternal perfection of pure ideas untainted by material reality
inductive reasoning
a type of reasoning that moves from specific instances to general principles and from particular truths yo universal ones
maenad
in ancient greek literature, the frenzied women inspired to estatic dance by dionysus
male gaze
a term used especially in art to describe the chauvinistic glance that regards woman as a sexual object
metope
a square panel between triglyphs and doric frieze
muse
one of nine sister goddesses in greek mythology
orchestra
the dancing space on which greek plays were performed
parodos
an enterance way through which the chorus entered the orchestra
parapet
a low wall
pre-socratic
greek philosophy that preceded socrates, chiefly concerned with describing the natural world
propylon
a large entryway
proscenium
the stage on which actors perform and where painted backdrops can be hung
protagonist
the leading character in play or literary work
psyche
the seat of both intilligence and character
satyr
a woodland diety part human and part goat and nited for its lasciviousness
satyr play
a comic play that was one of the three major forms of greek drama
scientific method
the effort to construct an accurate representation of the world
skene
"tent" originally a changing room for greek actors that over time was transformed in to a building
sophist
"wise man" an ancient greek teacher or philosopler who was committed to humaism and priomarly concerned with understanding nature of human
stoa
a long hall enclosed on the ends and back with a colonnade on the open side. Used as a meeting hall or market building
syllogism
a type of deductive reasoing consisting of two premises from which a conclusion can be drawn
tetralogy
a set of four related plays
tragedy
a type of drama whos basis is conflict
triglyph
the element of a doric frieze seperating two consectuive metopes and divided by grooves into three sections
Siren
Part Bird, Part Woman
moschophoros
calf bearer
peplos
a simple, long, woolen, belted garmet
Gorgon
A demon with a woman's body and bird's wings
gigantomachy
battle of the gods represented in artwork on buildings
centauromachy
Battle of Centaurs
strategos
herment of a general worn by pericles in busy
Doryphorous
a statue built by Polykleitos that is supposed to be an accurate portrayal of the cannon and contrapposto
emblema
central framed pannel in a mosaic
skiagraphia
greek technique for shading meaning "shadow painting"
immortals
persian soldiers of Darius III
intercolumnation
space between 2 columns
tripod
a deep bowl on a tall three legged stand
hypaethral
temple which was open to the sky
several covered columnades
porticos
torque
a Gallic neckband