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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The study of humans
Biological/Physical Anthropology
Study of bones, forensics- A subdiscipline of anthropology dealing with the study of human biological or physical characteristics and their evolution
Cultural/Social Anthropology
Study of living people
studying living cultures singular (1 group in one place)
The comparative study of living cultures (plural)
The past tense of cultural anthropology; studying dead humans; the study of the past through its material culture
Studying human language to understand human culture (if under anthropology) Sometimes not under anthropology
Material Culture
The buildings, tools, and other artifacts that constitute the material remains of former societies.
Doing cultural archaeology with the past in mind
Three Age System
Developed by the Danish scholar, C.J. Thomsen in 1836; Stone Bronze and Iron Ages; first attempt to organize thing into sequences; important because it established the idea of classifying things
Arranging artifacts in chronological or developmental sequences
Direct Historical Approach
Used to describe historical change; trying to trace a modern phenomenon directly into the past; works well with pottery
A collection of artifacts; soon understood that an assmblage defines a group of people
Cultural Ecology
Study of ways in which adaptation to the enviroment could cause cultural change
New Archaeology
Started in the 1960's; a turning point in archaeology; key concepts- explanatory v. descriptive, focus on cultural process v. cultural history, deductive v. inductive, testing v. authority, project design v. data accumulation, quantative v. simply qualitative, optimism v pessimism. Critique- jargony, scientistic- doing faux science
Salvage Archaeology
Prevents destruction by developers; the location and recording (usually through excavation) of archaeological sites in advance of highway construction, drainage projects or urban devlopments
Postprocessual/Interpretive Archaeology
Developed out of wider social and philosophical fields; no single, correct way to interpret stuff, objectivity is impossible; interest in cognition and religion; interest in the individual (people of the lower class, etc.)
Man oriented