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20 Cards in this Set

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What is ethnoarchaeology?
The study of modern peoples to understand behaviors that created the archaeological record.
Observing Kalinga potterss is an example of what technique?
Ethnoarchaeology.
What is experimental archaeology?
The study of past technologies and activities through experimental reconstruction under controlled scientific conditions.
What kind of experimental archaeology might one do with ceramics?
Use different clays, firing methods, etc.
Who is Sir John Lubbock?
He authored "Prehistoric Time as Illustrated by Ancient Remains and Manners and Customs of Modern Savages."
How did Lubbokck use modern peoples?
As relics or analogs for the Stone Age.
What kind of distortion might one get from using modern people to make inferences about ancient people?
The people may have changed. They might not be the same people. Modern life may have influenced them.
Describe the middle approach to ethnoarchaeology.
Archaeologists compare societies that are the same in technological complexity, location and subsistence, and use analogy only as the first step. Hypotheses must be tested with the material record.
Who is WJ Sollas?
He authored "Ancient Hunters and Their Modern Representatives." He used his interest in the Inuit people to research Paleolithic people, who lived in the same difficult climate.
Why were aboriginals seen as poorly evolved and why is this wrong?
They did not have complex technologies, but they did manage to survive.
Who is Lewis Binford?
The father of modern ethnoarchaeology.
What did Binford see as the main approach to ethnoarchaeology?
He encouraged using bridging arguments.
What are bridging arguments?
Arguments that bride observations (artifact patterning) and inference (what that patterning suggests about human behavior.
The book "Numaniut Archaeology" was written by whom? What did this archaeologist do in his study?
Lewis Binford. Binford lived with hunters, observed, asked questions, went on hunting trips, and studied the material signature.
What is the material signature?
The remains of an activity, often including (from hunting trips): different species and animal parts, gun parts, and "site furniture" (items left for a return trip). This gives an idea of what an ancient hunting camp may have looked like.
What is the key feature of historical archaeology?
It is archaeology of the everyday.
What is historical archaeology in the US concerned with?
The history of the past 500 years - colonialism.
Whose lives does US historical archaeology look at?
The lives of euro-American colonists and people without written recors.
What can we learn from looking both at written records and archaeological records?
There may be discrepancies which can reveal biases, often in the written record.
When the Battle of Little Bighorn occur? Who was it between?
In the 1870s, as the US pushed into the west, there were arguments over land treaties. General Custer and troops faced Native Americans.