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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Taphonomy
how something got into arch record
bonebed
location of mass kill
flake
thin, sharp sliver of stone from a core- created during flintknapping
core
stone being knapped
flute
channel of the faces of point formed by removal of flakes
microwear
minute surface wear
Ethnoarchaeology
study of current cultures
archaeofauna
animal bones in a site
kill sites
places animals were killed
faunal analysis
ID of animal remains
taxon
species, genus, etc
comparative collection
skeletal collection used to figure out sex, age, etc
Number of Identified Specimens
(NISP)
the raw number of ID bones per species
Minimum number of individuals
(MNI)
smallest number of individuals necessary to account for all IDd bones
axial skeleton
head, mandibles, vertibrae, tail
appendicular skeleton
non axial
seasonality
what part of the year a site was occupied
paleoethneobtanist
interpret plant remains to understand how humans and plants interacted
macrobotanical remains
plant remains recovered from a site
coprolite
feces
palynology
fossil pollen grains and spores from sites
pollen diagram
chart showing the changing frequencies of different IDd pollens
bioarchaeology
bio component evident in arch record
osteology
study of bone
sciatic notch
back part of the pelvis that can determine the sex in humans
epiphyses
part of bones that fuse together- determines age
pubic symphysis
meeting point to the two parts of the plevis- determines age
paleopathology
study of diseases
porotic hyperostosis
iron deficiency- anemia- causes skull to become porous
Harris Lines
lines near the ends of long bones indicating physical stress
enamel hypoplasias
defects in tooth enamel
osteoarthritis
cartilage between joints wears away- overuse of the joint
osteophyte
osteoarthritis involving "lipping"
eburnation
osteoarthritis which causes a smooth look on long bones