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574 Cards in this Set

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AAPA
American Academy of Physician Assistants
AHA
American Hospital Association
APAP
Association of Physician Assistant Programs
ARC-PA
Accredidation Review Committee on Education for the Physician Assistant
CAAHEP
Commission on Accredidation of Allied Health Education Programs
CME
Continuing Medical Education
CNM
Certified nurse midwife
DR
delivery room
DRG
Diagnosis related group
DSM
diagnostic and statistical manuel of mental disorders
ECF
extended care facility
EM
emergency medicine
FACP
Fellow, American College of Physicians
FACS
Fellow, American College of Surgeons
HCFA
Health Care Financing Administration
HMO
Health Maintenance Organization
HMSA
Health Manpower Shortage Area
HPDP
Health promotion and disease prevention
JCAHCO
Joint commission on Accredidation of Health Care Organizations
LPN
Licensed practical nurse
MMPI
minnesota multiphasic personality inventory
MMSE
mini-mental state exam
NBME
national board of medical examiners
NCCPA
national commission on certified physician assistants
NHSC
National health service corps
NIDA
national institute of drug abuse
NIOSH
national institute of occupational safety and health
OSHA
occupational safety and health administration
PARU
Post Anesthesia Recovery Unit
PPO
Preferred Provider Organizations
PSPA
Pennsylvania Society of Physician Assistants
RR
Recovery room
RT
radiation therapy
SAAAPA
Student Academy of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
SNF
skilled nursing facility
TAT
Thematic apperception test
USP
united states pharmacopoeia
VDRL
venereal disease research laboratories
WAIS
wechsler adult intelligence scale
WICS
wecsler intelligence scale for children
ABE
acute bacterial endocarditis
A Fib
Atrial fibrillations
A
assessment
A&P
auscultation and percussion
A/G ratio
albumin-globulin ratio
A2
aortic valve closure
AAA
abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAL
anterior axillary line
AB or ab
abortion
Abd
abdomen
ac
before meals (ante cibum)
ACTA
automated computerized transverse axial scanner
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
Ad lib
as desired
AD
Right ear (auris dextra)
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
ADHD
attention-defficit hyperactivity disorder
ADL
activities of daily living
Adm
Admission
ARDS
Adult respiratory distress syndrome
AF
atrial fibrillation
AFB
acid fast bacillus
Afeb
afebrile
AI
aortic insufficiency
AKA
above the knee amputation
Alb
albumin
A-line
arterial line
Alk Phos (AP)
alkaline phosphatase
ALL
acute lympocytic leukemia
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (lou Gehrig's disease)
ALT
alanine transaminase (SGPT)
AMA
against medical advice
Amb
ambulate; ambulatory
AML
acute myelocytic leukemia
Amp
ampule
Anes
anesthesia
Angio
angiography
Aniso
anisocytosis
ANL
acute nonlymphocytic leukemia
Ant
anterior
A&Ox3
alert and oriented times three (to person, place, and time)
AP; A/P
anteroposterior
AR
aortic regurgitation
ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF
acute renal failure
AROM
active range of motion
ATN
acute tubular necrosis
AS
aortic stenosis
ASA
acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
ASD
atrial septal defect
y/o
years old
X-match
cross match (blood)
WPW
Wolff-Parkinsons-White Syndrome
WN
well nourished
W-E
wide excision
WDWN
Well developed, well nourished
WD
well developed
WBC/hpf
White blood cells per high-power field
VT
Ventricular tachycardia
VSD
Ventricular septal defect
VS
vital signs
V/Q scan
Ventilation-perfusion scan
VPSs
Ventricular premature
V.O.
verbal orders
VLDL
very low density lipoproteins
vit.
vitamin
VIP
voluntary interruption of pregnancy
V. Fib (VF)
ventricular fibrillaiton
VF
visual field
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram
vasc.
vascular
Vag. Hyst
vaginal hysterectomy
VA
visual accuity
Urol.
urology
URI
upper respiratory infections
Ur.
urine
U/O
urinary output
umb.
umbilical
UGI
upper gastrointestinal series
UE
upper extremity
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASO
antistreptolysin-O titer
AST
aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)
AU
both ears
AV
arteriovenous, atrioventricular
AVR
aortic valve replacement
AZT
azidothymidine (Zidovudine)
BBB
RBBB
LBBB
Bundle branch block (RBBB – right bundle branch block; LBBB – left bundle branch block)
BC
Bone conduction
BKA
below the knee amputation
Bands
banded neutrophils
Baso
basophils
bid
twice a day (bis in die)
bil
bilateral
Biop
biopsy
BMR
basal metabolic rate
BPH
benin prostatic hypertrophy
BPV
benign postural vertigo
BRP
bathroom privileges
B.S.
breath sounds
bowel sounds
BSO
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BSP
bromsulphalein
BT
bleeding time
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
bpm
beats per minute
Bronch
Bronchoscopy
Bx
Biopsy
C
celcius or centigrade
CA
Cancer, carcinoma*
Chronological age
Cardiac arrest
CABG
Coronary artery bypass
CAD
Coronary artery disease
CASHD
coronary artherosclerotic heart disease
C.C.
chief complaint
CEA
carcinoembroyonic antigen
CHB
complete heart block
CHD
coronary heart disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
CIN
cervical intraepitelial neoplasia
CIS
carcinoma in situ
CK
creatine kinase
Cal
calories
Caps
capsule(s)
Cath.
catheter; catherterization
Chol
cholesterol
chr
chronic
CAT scan
computerized axial tomography
CLD
chronic liver disease
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Cl. liq
clear liquids
CMG
cystometrogram
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia
CN
cranial nerve
C.O.
cardiac output
c/o
complains of
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
cond
condiiton
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP
chest pain
CPA
costophrenic angle
CPAP
continuous postive airway pressure
CPD
cephalopelvic disproportion
CPK
creatine posphokinase
CRF
chronic renal failure
creat.
creatinine
CS
cesarean section
C&S
culture and sensitivity
C-section
cesarean section
C-spine
cervical spine films
CTA
clear to auscultation
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
costovertevral angle
CVAT
costovertebral angle tenderness
CVP
central venous pressure
CVS
cardiovascular system
CXR
chest X-ray
Cx
cervix
cysto
cystoscopy
D/C
discontinue
D&C
dilatation and curettage
DDI
didanosine
DES
diethylstilbestrol
diffuse esophageal spasm
Derm.
Dermatology
DI
Diabetes insipidus
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulatin
DIP
distal interphalangeal joint
Dig.
digoxin; digitalis
DJD
degenerative joint disease
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
DLE
descoid lupus erythmatosus
DM
diabetes mellitus
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DSA
digital subtraction angiography
DSD
dry sterile dressing
DTs
delirium tremens
DTR
deep tendon reflexes
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Dx
diagnosis
EBL
estimated blood loss
ECG
electrocardiogram
ECHO
echocardiography
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane circulation
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
EDC
estimated date of confinement
EEG
electroencephalogram
EENT
eyes, ears, nose and troat
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EKG
electrocardiogram
ELISA
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (AIDS test)
elix.
elixir
EM
electron microscope
EMG
electromyogram
EOM
extraocular movement
eos.; eosins.
eosinopils
ER
estrogen receptor
ERCP
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography
ERT
estrogen replacement therapy
ESR
erytrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD
end stage renal disease
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
ET
endotracheal tube
Etiol
etiology
Exc.
excision
Expl. Lap.
exploratory laparotomy
ext.
external
F
fahrenheit
FB
foreign body
finger breadth
FEF
forced expiratory flow
FEV
forced expiratory volume
FH
family history
FHT
fetal heart tones
FROM
full range of motion/movement
FTA
fluorescent treponemal antibody
FTT
failure to thrive
F/U
Follow-up
FUO
fever of unknown/undetermined origin
FVC
forced vital capacity
Fx
fracture
fx urine
fractional urine
G
gravida
Ga
gallium
GB
gallbladder
GBS
gallbladder series (X-ray)
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR
glomerular filtration rate
Grav, 1, 2, 3
1st, 2nd, 3rd pregnancy
gt., gtt
drop, drops
GU
genitourinary
h
hour
HA
headache
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HCl
hydrochloride
HCO3
bicarbonate
Hct.
hematocrit
HDL
high-density lipoprotein
HEENT
head, eyes, ears, nose and throat
Hgb.
hemoglobin
hGH
human growth hormone
HJR
hepatojugular reflux
h/o
history of
H&P
history and physical
HPI
history of present illness
HR
heart rate
hs
at bedtime
HSV
herpes simplex virus
hx
history
H2O2
hydrogen peroxide
131I
radioactive isotope of iodine
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
ICP
intracranial pressure
ID
infectious diseases
I&D
incision and drainage
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IHSS
idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
IM
intramuscular
Imp.
impression
IMV
intermittent mandatory ventilation
Inc.
incision
inf.
infusion
inferior
INH
isoniazid
inj.
injection
I&O
intake and output
IOL
intraocular lens
IOP
intraocular pressure
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRDS
infants respiratory distress syndrome
IUP
intrauterine pregnancy
IV push
intravenous push (method to administer medication)
IVSD
interventricular septal defect
JVD
jugular venous distention
JVP
jugular venous pressure
KS
kaposi's sarcoma
KUB
kidney, ureter, and bladder (X-ray)
KVO
Keep vein open
UC
uterine contractions
U
unit
Tx
treatment
TV
tidal volume
TUR; TURP
transurethral resection of prostate
T.T.
tetanus toxoid
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
Trig.
triglycerides
TR
tricuspid regurgitation
TPR
temperature, pulse, respiration
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
tPA
tissue plasminogen activator
TORCH
toxoplasmosis, rubella, CMV, herpes
top.
topically
TOP
Termination of pregnancy
T&A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
Tc
technicium
T&C
type and crossmatch
T cells
lymphocytes produced by thymus gland
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TIA
transient ischemic attack
TIBC
total iron binding capacity
t.i.d.
three times a day
tinc.
tincture
TLC
total lung capacity
TMs
tympanic membranes
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
TNI
total node irradiation
TNM
Tumor, nodes, metastases (cancer staging)
tomos
tomograms
TA
therapeutic abortion
T4
thyroxine test
T3
triiodothyronine test
T
temperature
SVT
supraventricular tachycardia
SVD
spontaneous vaginal delivery
SVC
superior vena cava
sut.
suture
surg.
surgical
supp.
suppository
subling.
sublingual
subq.
subcutaneous
strep.
streptococcus
STH
somatotropin (growth hormone)
SH
social history
SIADH
syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
sig.
let it be labeled (directions for a prescription)
SLE
systemic lupus erythmatosus
SMA#
blood chemistry test
SMAC
sequential multiple analyzer computer
SOAP
subjective, objective, assessment, plan
sol.
solution
sono.
sonography
sos
if necessary
S/P
status post (refers to a previous disease condition)
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomographt
SpG
specific gravity
SR
sustained release
SSE
Soap suds enema
Rx
treatment, therapy, prescription
s (line over s)
without
s s (lines over both s)
one-half
S1, S2, S3, S4
heart sounds
S1, S2 etc
1st, 2nd sacral vertebra
SA
sinoatrial
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
SAH
subarachnoid hemorrhage
SBE
subacute bacterial endocarditis
segs
segmented neutrophils; polys
SDH
subdural hematoma
SGA
small for gestational age
SGOT
Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (AST)
SGPT
Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (ALT)
Staph.
staphylococcus
R/O
rule out
ROM
range of motion
ROS
review of systems
RPR
rapid plasma reagin (test for syphilis)
RT
rigt
RUL
right upper lobe (lung)
RUQ
right upper quadrant (abdomen)
RV
right ventricle
R/I
rule in
RAI
radioimmunoassay
RLL
right lowerlobe (lung)
RLQ
right lower quadrant (abdomen)
RML
right middle lobe (lung)
Rh
Rhesus (monkey) factor in blood
RHD
rheumatic heart disease
L
left
LA
left atrium
LAD
left anterior descending (coronary artery)
left axis deviation
lap.
laparotomy
Lat; lat
lateral
LCM
left costal margin
LD; LDH
lactate dehydrogenase
LDL
low density lipoprotein
LE
lupus erythematosus
LES
lower esophageal sphincter
LGA
large for gestational age
LLE
left lower extremity
LLL
left lower lobe (lung)
LLQ
left lower quadrant (abdomen)
LNMP
last normal menstrual period
LN; l.n.
lymph node
LOM
limitation of motion
L/R
lactated ringers
LS
lumbosacral spine
LSD
lyseric acid diethylamide
LT
left
LUE
left upper extremity
LUL
Left upper lobe (lung)
LUQ
Left upper quadrant (abdomen)
LV
left ventricle
LVH
left ventricular hypertrophy
L&W
living and well
lymphs
lymphocytes
m
murmur
MA
mental age
MAI
mycobacterium avium intracellulare
MAO
monoamine
MAOI
monoamine inhibitor
MCH
mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCL
midclavicular line
MCP
metacarpophalangeal
MCV
mean corpuscular volume
mEq
mEq / L
millequivalent
millequivalent per liter
mets
metastases
MG
myasthenia gravis
MH
marital history
MI
myocardial infarction
mitral insufficiency
mu (u is micro)
millimicron
MOM
milk of magnesia
Mono
mononucleosis
mono
monocyte
MP
metacarpophalangeal
MR
mitral regurgitation
MS
mitral stenosis
morphine sulfate
MSH
melanocyte-stimulating hormone
MSL
midsternal line
MTX
methotrexate
MUGA
multiple-gated acquisition scan
multip
multipara; multiparous
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
MVR
mitral valve replacement
Myelo.
myleogram
NAB
no active bleeding
NAD
no acute distress
ND
normal development
NEC
necrotizing enterocolitis
NG
NG tube
nasogastric
nasogastric tube
NIDDM
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA
NKDA
no known allergies
no known drug allergies
nitro
nitroglycerine
NM
nuclear medicine
NPH
neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin
NPO
nothing by mouth
NS
normal saline
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSVD
normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NT
nasotracheal
NTG
nitroglycerine
N&V
N/V/D
nausea and vomiting
nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
retic.
reticulocyte count
RF
rheumatic fever
Ra
radium
rad
radiation absorbed dose
RAI
radioactive iodine
RCM
right costal margin
Q (q)
each; every
qam
every morning
qpm
every night
qd
every day
qh
every hour
qhs
every night; at bedtime
q.i.d.
four times a day
qod
every other day
R; r.; rt.
right
R
respiration
RA
right atrium
PTA
prior to admission
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH
parathyroid hormone
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
PVD
peripheral vascular disease
Px
physical examination
procto.
proctoscopy
Pro. Time
Prothrombin time
PSP
phenylsulfonphthalein
PT
prothrombin time
P.I.P.
peak inspirator pressure
pit.
pituitary
PKU
phenylketonuria
PM
postmortem
PMH
past medical history
PMI
point of maximal impulse
PMN
polymorponuclear leukocyte
PMP
previous menstrual period
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
p.o.
by mouth (per os)
PP
postpartum
PPBS
postprandial blood sugar
PPD
purified protein derivative (TB test)
prg.
prognosis
primip
primipara
PI
Present illness
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP
proximal terphalangeal joint
PRL
prolactin
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PE
physical examination
pulmonary embolus
PEEP
positive end-expiratory pressure
PEFR
peak expiratory rate
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PERRL
pupils equal, round, and reactive to light
PFTs
pulmonary functin tests
PH
past history
PD
Peritoneal dialysis
PCWP
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PCP
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
P
plan
pulse
p (with line over p)
after
P2
pulmonary valve closure
PA
posteroanterior
P&A
percussion and auscultation
PAC
premature atrial contraction
PaCO2; pCO2
partial pressure of carbon dioxide
Palp.
palpation; palpable
PaO2; pO2
partial pressure of oxygen
Pap smear
papanicolaou's smear
Para 1,2,3
unipara, bipara, tripara (# of live births)
PAT
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
PBI
protein bound iodine
pc
after meals (post cibum)
OU
each, both eye(s)
O
objective
OBS
organic brain syndrome
Obst.
obstruction
OCPs
oral contraceptive pills
O.D.; OD
right eye
OGTT
oral glucose tolerance test
17-OH
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids
oint.
ointment
O.M.
otitis media
OOB
out of bed
O&P
ova and parasites
OP
operation
O.P.
outpatient
Ophth.
ophthalmology
ORIF
open reduction and internal fixation
ORTHO; ortho
orthopedics
OS; O.S.
left eye
os
opening, mouth, bone
AECL??
Augmented electrocardiographic lead