Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/130

Click to flip

130 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS
1689 DOCUMENT THAT ESTABLISHED PARLIAMENTARY SUPREMACY
HOUSE OF COMMONS
LOWER HOUSE OF BRITISH PARLIAMENT THAT ACHIEVED SUPREMACY IN THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES
COLONIAL LEGISLATURES THAT WERE THE ONLY INSTITUTIONS SUBJECT TO COLONISTS'--RATHER THAN THE KING'S-- CONTROL
POWER OF THE PURSE
CRUCIAL POWER OF TAXATION SOUGHT BY COLONIAL LEGISLATURES
PROPERTY REQUIREMENTS
LAWS REQUIRING PROPERTY IN ORDER TO VOTE
ENLIGHTENMENT
EUROPEAN/AMERICAN INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT THAT EMPHAISZED REASON, AND THAT SPARKED THE GREAT AWAKENING
DEISTS
ENLIGHTENMENT RELIGIOUS IDEA THAT GOD CREATED THE WORLD, THEN LEFT IT TO OPERATE ACCORDING TO RATIONAL PRINCIPLES
RATIONALIST
ONE WHO BELIEVES THAT THE UNIVERSE IS BASICALLY A PREDICTABLE AND RATIONAL PLACE
GREAT AWAKENING
1730'3-1740'S MOVEMENT OF REVIVALS AND EMOTIONAL RELIGION, IN REACTION TO ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS IN RELIGION
JONATHAN EDWARDS
A LEADER OF THE NEW LIGHTS
SEVEN YEARS' WAR
18TH CENTURY EUROPEAN WAR WHOSE AMERICAN INCARNATION WAS THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
BRADDOCK'S DEFEAT
1755 DEFEAT OF BRITS IN FRENCH & INDIAN WAR THAT WAS THE LOW POINT OF BRITISH FORTUNES IN THAT WAR
IROQUOIS INDIANS
GREAT LAKES INDIANS WHO WERE ALLIED WITH THE FRENCH, AND WHOSE WITHDRAWAL OF THAT SUPPORT WAS A MAJOR TURNING POINT OF THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
WILLIAM PITT
BRITISH MINISTER WHO GOT THE COLONIES TO MOBILIZE THEIR OWN MEN FOR THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
TREATY OF PARIS (1ST)
1763 TREATY THAT ENDED THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
TREATY OF ILDEFONSO
FRENCH TREATY CEDING LOUSIANA TERRITORY TO THE SPANISH
LOUISIANA TERRITORY
VAST TERRITORY ALONG AND WEST OF ,MISSISSIPPI CEDED TO SPANISH AFTER FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
GEORGE III
BRITISH KING DURING AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD
PONTIAC'S REBELLION
ANTI-BRITISH INDIAN CAMPAIGN THAT CAUSED BRITS TO ISSUE PROCLAMATION OF 1763
PROCLAMATION OF 1763
BRITISH DECREE THAT COLONISTS COULD NO LONGER EXPAND WEST OF THE APPALACHIANS
STANDING ARMY
PERMANENT ARMY
WRITS OF ASSISTANCE
DOCUMENTS OR CLAUSES THAT PERMITTED CUSTOMS OFFICERS TO SEARCH & SEIZE COLONIAL SHIPS OR BUILDINGS WITHOUT CAUSE
JAMES OTIS
BOSTON COLONIIST LAWYER WHO WENT TO COURT TO FIGHT WRITS OF ASSISTANCE
SUGAR ACT
1764 REVENUE ACT THAT LEVIED EXTERNAL TAX ON MOLASSES, ETC, AND IMPOSED REGULATORY BURDENS ON COLONIAL MERCHANTS
GEORGE GRENVILLE
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER WHO IMPOSED THE SUGAR ACT
STAMP ACT
1765 INTERNAL TAX THAT BROUGHT THE FIRST TRUE ANTI-BRITISH OUTBURST AMONG THE AMERICAN COLONIES
EXTERNAL TAX
TAX LEVIED ON IMPORTS AS THEY ENTERED THE COLONIES
INTERNAL TAX
TAX LEVIED DIRECTLY ON PROPERTY, GOODS, GOVERNMENT SERVICES
VIRTUAL REPRESENTATION
BRITISH SUGGESTION THAT THE COLONIES WERE REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT THROUGH MEMBERS WHO REPRESENTED COLONIAL INTERESTS BY CONSIDERING LARGIER IMPERIAL RATHER THAN JUST LOCAL ENGLISH INTERESTS
PATRICK HENRY
VIRGINIA PATRIOT WHOSE FIERY SPEECHES IN THE HOUSE OF BURGESSES REFLECTED THE RISING SPIRIT OF RESISTANCE AFTER THE STAMP ACT
LOYAL NINE
BOSTON MERCHANTS AND ARTISANS WHO RESISTED THE STAMP ACT
SONS OF LIBERTY
BOSTON ORGANIZATION SIMILAR TO LOYAL NINE, WHICH RESISTED BRITISH TAXES
STAMP ACT CONGRESS
1765 MEETING IN NY OF REPRESENTATIVES OF 9 COLONIES TO DISCUSS THE STAMP ACT
JOHN DICKINSON
PENNSYLVANIA RESISTANCE LEADER WHO WROTE LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA
DECLARATORY ACT
1766 REPEAL OF THE STAMP ACT
NATURAL RIGHTS
ENLIGHTENMENT/ JEFFERSONIAN IDEA THAT HUMAN LIBERTIES WERE AS NATURAL AS GRAVITY
QUARTERING ACT
BRITISH LAW ORDERING COLONIAL LEGISLATURES TO PAY FOR GOODS NEEDED BY BRITISH SOLDIERS STATIONED IN COLONIES
TOWNSHEND DUTIES
1767 EXTERNAL TAX WHOSE REVENUE-RAISING PURPOSELED TO A NEW OUTPOURING OF COLONIAL RESISTANCE
LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA
DICKINSON ESSAYS ARGUING THAT TAXES LEVIED FOR THE PURPOSE OF REVENUE REQUIRED PARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATION
SAMUEL ADAMS
BOSTON RADICAL WHOSE PROPAGANDA AND UNITING ACTIVITIES PUSHED THE REVOLUTION FURTHER IN THE 1760'S AND 1770'S
CIRCULAR LETTERS
LETTERS WRITTEN BY ADAMS AND OTIS, AND SENT AROUND TO THE COLONIES, THAT FIRECELY OPPOSED BRITISH TAXATION
LORD HILLSBOROUGH
BRITISH MINISTER WHOSE HEAVY-HANDED PROHIBITION OF THE CIRCULAR LETTERS AROUSED GREATER COLONIAL ANGER
JOHN WILKES
BRITISH POLITICIAN AND EDITOR WHOSE OPPOSITION TO KING AND PARLIAMENT INSPIRED MORE BRITISH SUPPORT FOR COLONIAL CAUSE
SPINNING BEES
WOMEN'S MOVEMENT TO SUPPORT ANTI-TOWNSHEND BOYCOTTS BY SPINNING CLOTHES THAT WOULD OTHERWISE BE BOUGHT FROM BRITAIN
DAUGHTERS OF LIBERTY
UPPER CLASS WOMEN'S ORGANIZATION FORMED TO OPPOSE BRITISH TAXATION
CUSTOMS RACKETEERING
CORRUPT SEIZURES OF COLONIAL GOODS AND SHIPS BY AGENTS OF BRITISH REGULATORY LAWS
BOSTON MASSACRE
1770 BRITISH KILLING OF 5 COLONISTS ON BOSTON COMMON
COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE
1772-3 ATTEMPT TO COORDINATE AND UNITE ALL COLONIES IN OPPOSING BRITISH ATTEMPTS TO WEAKEN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
BOSTON TEA PARTY
1773 DESTRUCTION OF TEA BY ANTI-TEA ACT SONS OF LIBERTY IN BOSTON HARBOR
TEA ACT
1773 BRITISH ACT WHICH LOWERED THE PRICE OF TAXED TEA BUT ANGERED COLONISTS WHO THOUGHT IT WAS ATTEMPT TO 'BRIBE' AMERICANS INTO PAYING TAX ON TEA
JAMES SOMERSET
MASSACHUSETTS SLAVE WHOSE DEFENSE BY BRITISH PARLIAMENT CAUSED AMERICANS TO FEAR REV. WAR WOULD INCITE SLAVE ESCAPES
DUNMORE DECLARATION
1775 PROMISE BY VA ROYAL GOVERNOR THAT ANY SLAVE ENLISTING IN BRITISH CAUSE WOULD BE FREED
COERCIVE ACTS
1774 BRITISH ACTS PUNISHING BOSTON FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY
INTOLERABLE ACTS
COLONIAL TERM FOR COERCIVE ACTS
MURDER ACT
BITTER COLONIAL NAME FOR COERCIVE ACT LAW ALLOWING BIRTISH OFFICIALS TO BE TRIED IN BRITAIN FOR KILLING A COLONIST
QUEBEC ACT
1774 ACT THAT OFFENDED THE COLONIES BY EXTENDING CATHOLIC QUEBEC SOUTHWARD
FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
1774 MEETING OF COLONIAL LEADERS TO FIND WAYS TO DEAL WITH BRITISH POLICIES
SUFFOLK RESOLVES
STATEMENTS OF 1ST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS THAT OPPOSED COERCIVE ACTS, ESTAVBLISHED PROVISIONAL COLONIAL GOVERNMENTS, AND BEGAN DEFENSIVE MEASURES
CONTINENTAL ASSOCIATION
BOYCOTT ORGANIZED AT 1ST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
LOYALISTS
COLONIAL CITIZENS WHO OPPOSED REBELLION & REMAINED LOYAL TO BRITISH, ALSO CALLED TORIES
TORIES
COLONIAL CITIZENS WHO OPPOSED REBELLION & REMAINED LOYAL TO BRITISH, ALSO CALLED LOYALISTS
LEXINGTON AND CONCORD
APRIL & MAY SKIRMISHED BETWEEN BRITISH REDCOATS AND MILITIA
SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
MAY 1775 MEETING OF COLONIAL LEADERS
OLIVE BRANCH PETITION
CONCILIATORY MESSAGE SENT TO KING GEORGE III BY 2ND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
CONTINENTAL ARMY
COLONIAL ARMY ESTABLISHED BY 2ND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS, WITH WASHINGTON AT HEAD
GEORGE WASHINGTON
LEADER OF OCNTINENTAL ARMY DURING AMERICAN REVOLUTION
BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL
JUNE 1775 ATTACK ON COLONISTS BY BRITISH
THOMAS PAINE
AUTHOR OF COMMON SENSE
COMMON SENSE
WIDELY READ PAMPHLET THAT CONVINCED MANY THAT THE BRITISH MONARCH YWAS A DANGER TO AMERICAN LIBERTY
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
JEFFERSON-AUTHORED STATEMENT THAT
THOMAS JEFFERSON
RADICAL PATRIOT & AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
TRENTON & PRINCETON
NJ BATTLES WON BY AMERICANS IN 1777
LAFAYETTE
FRENCH ARISTOCRAT WHO JOINED WASHINGTON'S STAFF
BATTLE OF SARATOGA
1777 BATTLE WHICH TURNED THE TIDE OF THE WAR BY INSPIRING FRENCH TO HELP US
VALLEY FORGE
PENNSYLVANIA ENCAMPMENT WHERE CONTINENTAL ARMY WAS 'RE-TOOLED' AND INSPIRED BY WASHINGTON AND VON STUEBEN
BARON VON STEUBEN
GERMAN BARON WHO HELPED TRAIN CONTINENTAL ARMY IN GUERILLA TACTICES WHILE AT VALLEY FORGE
MONMOUTH COURTHOUSE
1778 VICTORY OF AMERICANS WHICH REFLECTED SUCCESSFUL RETRAINING OF CONTINENTALS, ENDED WAR IN THE NORTH
GEORGE ROGERS CLARK
AMERICAN GENERAL WHO LED AMERICAN FORCES IN THE WEST
JOSEPH BRANT
PRO-BRITISH IROQUOIS LEADER WHO LED ATTACKS ON AMERICAN FRONTIER MILITIAS IN NY AND PENNSYLVANIA
GENERAL CORNWALLIS
BRITISH GENERAL AT YORKTOWN
BATTLE OF YORKTOWN
1781 BATTLE WON BY AMERICANS, LED TO BRITISH DECISION TO SUSPEND THE WAR
TREATY OF PARIS (2)
1783 TREATY THAT ENDED WAR FOR AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE
1660
DATE OF STUART RESTORATION
1664
DATE OF BRITISH DEFEAT OF NEW NETHERLANDS, ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW YORK COLONY
1739
DATE OF FOUNDING OF LAST COLONY, GEORGIA
1730'S-1740'S
DATE OF GREAT AWAKENING
1754-1763
DATE OF FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
1754
DATE OF ALBANY PLAN OF UNION
1763
DATE OF TREATY OF PARIS ENDING F-I WAR
1767
DATE OF TOWNSHEND DUTIES
1770
DATE OF BOSTON MASSACRE
1772-3
DATE OF COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE
1773
DATE OF BOSTON TEA PARTY
1774
DATE OF FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
1775
DATE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD
1775
DATE OF SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
1776
DATE OF DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
1777
DATE OF BATTLE OF SARATOGA
1781
DATE OF BATTLE OF YORKTOWN
1783
DATE OF TREATY OF PARIS ENDING WAR FOR AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE
SPIN-OFF COLONY
COLONY BEGUN BY SETTLERS FROM ANOTHER COLONY
ORIGINAL COLONY
COLONY FOUNDED BY SETTLERS FROM ENGLAND
LIBERAL CONSTITUTION
CONSTITUTION THAT INCLUDES INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS
NORTH CAROLINA
SPIN-OFF COLONY FOUNDED BY SETTLERS FROM VIRGINIA
GEORGIA
LAST ORIGINAL COLONY, FOUNDED BY OGLETHORPE AS A DEBTORS COLONY
DEBTOR
ONE WHO OWES MONEY & IN THE 18TH CENTURY WOULD BE IMPRISONED FOR IT
GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
1688 ENGLISH REVOLUTION THAT ESTABLISHED SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
PRE-EMINENT ADHERENT OF ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS IN COLONIAL AMERICA
SINNERS IN THE HANDS OF AN ANGRY GOD
GREAT AWAKENING WORK BY JONATHAN EDWARDS
BAPTISTS
AMERICAN DENOMINATION STRENGTHENED BY THE GREAT AWAKENING
PRESBYTERIANS
AMERICAN DENOMINATION STRENGTHENED BY THE GREAT AWAKENING
TARIFFS
TAX ON IMPORTS
COLONIAL ELITES
SOUTHERN PLANTERS & NORTHERN MERCHANTS WHO DOMINATED COLONIAL POLITICS
GENTRY
WEALTHY COLONIAL LAND OWNERS
SOCIAL MOBILITY
HOW EASY OR HARD IT IS TO MOVE UP IN CLASS
LITIGATION
GOING TO COURT OVER ISSUES LIKE PRIVACY, SEARCH & SEIZURE
BRITISH CONSTITUTION
INFORMAL BODY OF CUSTOMARY LAWS THAT DEFINED THE GOVERNMENT OF ENGLAND & THE RIGHTS OF ENGLISHMEN
RIGHTS OF ENGLISHMEN
RIGHTS OF PRIVACY, FREE SPEECH, ETC THAT THE COLONISTS SAID BELONGED TO THEM AS SUBJECTS OF THE ENGLISH KING
DUE PROCESS
SET OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS THAT PROTECT YOU WHEN YOU ARE ACCUSED OF A CRIME
JOHN LOCKE
BRITISH POLITICAL THEORIST WHOSE IDEAS ON NATURAL LAW AND INALIENABLE RIGHTS INSPIRED JEFFERSON'S DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
RADICALS
COLONISTS LIKE SAM ADAMS, PATRICK HENRY WHO BELIEVED THAT THE COLONIES SHOULD SPLIT FROM ENGLAND
MODERATES
COLONISTS WHO BELIEVED THAT THE ENGLISH WERE SCREWING THE COLONISTS BUT THAT WE SHOULD REMAIN A PART OF THE EMPIRE
INALIENABLE RIGHTS
RIGHTS THAT ARE A PART OF BEING A MAN, SO CANNOT BE TAKEN AWAY--MOSTLY INDIVIDUAL LIBERTIES
MILITIAS
COLONIAL/STATE MILITARY REGIMENTS, AS OPPOSED TO PERMANENT STANDING ARMIES LIKE THE cONTINENTAL ARMY
BLOCKADE
NAVAL BLOCKING OF COASTAL PORTS TO WEAKEN AN ENEMY
FORMATION FIGHTING
ORGANIZED BATTLE IN LINES, ALWAYS FAVORS THE BETTER SUPPLIED
GUERILLA FIGHTING
INFORMAL AMBUSHING, FLANKING, SURPRISE ATTACKS, ETC. TAUGHT BY VONSTEUBEN, WASHINGTON AT VALLEY FORGE
MANUMISSION
FREEING A SLAVE
BENJAMIN BANNEKER
BLACK ARCHITECT & WRITER WHO HELPED LAY OUT WASHINGTON DC
PHYLLIS WHEATLEY
BOSTON POET AND SLAVE