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37 Cards in this Set

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MAYAS
300-900 AD, central america
(urban centers)
(developed written language)
(discover 0)
(astronomers develop
accurate calender)
**HEIGHT OF NATIVE AM.
CULTURE-TECHNOLOGICALY
ADVANCED**
AZTECS
1325, central mexico
(empire 5 mil ppl)
(never established colonies)
(vs. spanish-cortes)
**HEIGHT OF NATIVE AM.
CULTURE-TECHNOLOGICALY
ADVANCED**
QUADRANT
1450-1550
(stars and sun)
**SUCESSFUL NAVIGATION OF
OPEN SEAS, UP
MARITIME TO EXPAND TRADE**
CARAVEL
1450-1550
(small ship)
(easily maneuver along
coast, up river, into wind)
(faster than larger ships)
**FASTER, MORE CONTROL, ABLE TO TRAVEL IN SMALL AREAS TO
TRADE**
HERNANDO CORTES
1519-1521, mexico
(conquistador)
(ovethrew Aztecs)
**GOLD, GOD, GLORY**
ENCOMIENDA
late 1500s-early 1600s
**SYSTEM OF FORCED LABOR,
BENIFITS FOR OFFICERS**
ELIZABETH I
1558-1603, england
(queen after Mary)
(puritans emerge during rule)
**PROTESTANT, BUT DIDNT
ELIMINATE CATHOLICS**
SIR WALTER RALEIGH
1584
(north america for "virgin"
queen)
**1st SETTLEMENT-
UNSUCCESSFUL, later lost
colony**
MERCANTILISM
1607
(english economic theory)
(finite wealth)
(send raw materials to eng)
**COLONIES SERVE MOTHER
COUNTRY**
JOHN SMITH
1607-1609, virginia
(go between natives + colony)
(strong dictator-like
leader-"dont work, dont
eat")
**HELPED START SETTLEMENT
WITH STRICT FOUNDATION, 1
REASON THAT SUCEEDED**
STARVING TIME
winter 1609-1610, virginia
(smith gone)
(only 60/214 survive)
**NEED STRONG LEADERSHIP,
COLONIAL LIFE HARDER THAN
EXPECTED**
JOHN ROLFE
1620, virginia
(tabacco grown for profit)
(married pocahontas)
**TOBACCO TRUE REASON VA
SUCEED AND PROSPER**
INDENTURED SERVANT
1660s-1690s
(serve for cost of trip)
(7 yrs)
(began to outlive indeture
period)
(less available land for
upperclassmen)
**FORMATION OF GENTRY (mid
class)**
BACON'S REBELLION
1676, virginia
(Nathaniel Bacon vs. Gov
Berkeley, poor vs rich)
(lived on frontier)
(wants protection from
natives)
(forms militia, burns
capital @ jamestown)
**RISE OF GENTRY**
WILLIAM PENN
1673-1701, pennsylvania
(charles II grant him md-nj)
(wants propietary)
**PLACE FOR PERSECUTED
QUAKERS**
MAYFLOWER COMPACT
1620, on way to plymouth
(88 separatists/pilgrams)
(set of rules decided during
voyage)
**ESTABLISH GOV AND ASSISTS,
all adult males voted**
THOMAS HOOKER
1636, cambridge connecticut
(led congregation to ")
(church reg too strict)
(loosen mem qualifications)
**NONMEMBERS SHOULD BE ABLE
TO VOTE**
ROGER WILLIAMS
1631, salem mass->rhode isl
(minister)
(full break church of eng)
(full religious toleration)
**FREEDOM OF RELIGION, NO
RECOGNIZED STATE RELIGION,
providence RI**
ANNE HUTCHINSON
1634
(midwife, husband wealthy
merchant)
(explain sermons to others)
(antinomianism-opp legalism)
(? predest, kicked out->RI)
**NOT OUTSIDER, SUGGESTS SOMETHING REALLY WRONG TO COMPLAIN, SALVATION MORE THAN FOLLOWING CHURCH CODE**
JONNATHAN EDWARDS
1730, northampton, mass
(sinners in the hands of an angry god)
**MORE EGALITARIAN SPIRIT IN
COLONISTS**
MERCANILISM
1660s
(economic theory)
(colonies raw materials->eng)
**COLONIES EXIST TO HELP
ENG**
SALUTARY NEGLECT
1714-1763
(william + mary)
(colonies develop on own,
little english involvement)
(royal gov, house of lords,
house of commons)
**COLONIES DO BETTER WHEN
LEFT ALONE**
PROCLAMATION LINE
1763
(no colonial expansion west
of app mts)
**END TENSION WITH NAT AMER**
SUGAR ACT
april 1764
(passed to raise $)
(writ of assistance)
(if caught, royally app jdg)
**DESIGN TO STOP NEW ENG
MERCH SMUGGLING [RUM]**
STAMP ACT
march 1765
(tax on legal documents)
**EFFECTED EVERYONE, NOT JUST NEW ENG, COLONY MAD ENG TAXES THEM (NOT ABOUT $)**
QUARTERING ACT
may 1765
(apply mainly to NY)
(british save on cost of
supplying troops to col)
**COLONIES PROVIDE LODGING FOR BRITISH TROOPS LEFT IN
AMER**
VIRGINIA RESOLVES
1765
(patrick henry*)
(house of burgesses only
legal body that can tax
virginians)
**ACTUAL REPRESENTATION**
SONS OF LIBERTY
1760-1770
(upclass movement to spread word of brit injustices)
**CATALYST FOR UNDERSTANDING
AMOUNG MID/LOW CLASS**
TOWNSHED ACTS
1767
(strengthen royal authority
in col)
(weaken power of col leg)
(raise revenue for eng
treasurer)
($ used to pay royal gov
salary)
**NO MORE RELIANCE ON COL
ASSEMBLIES**
BOSTON MASSACRE
5 march 1770, boston mass
(4000 redcoats vs 15000 col)
(disgruntled col outside
customs house)
(brit officer or sam adams?
yelled fire)
(11 bostonian wounded, 5 kld)
**STIRS UP ANGER TOWARDS
BRITISH**
BOSTON TEA PARTY
16 dec 1773, boston harbor
(50 "indians" dump 90,000 lbs tea into harbor)
**COLONISTS MUST EITHER
SUBMIT OR TRIUMPH (george
III), FIGHT ABOUT PRINCIPLE,
NOT $**
COERCIVE/INTOLERABLE ACTS
march 1774
(port closed until tea paid
for)
(mass. gov control by crown)
(criminal off tried in eng)
(new quartering act-troops
in private homes)
**SEVERE DAMAGE DONE, NOT
TOLERATING IT**
OLIVE BRANCH PETITION
july 1775
(affirm loyalty to GeorgeIII)
(monarch needs to control
parl)
**STRENGTHEN RADIACAL
POSITION**
SARATOGA
june 1777
(john burgoyne defeated by horatio gates)
(guerilla tactics work)
**TURNING PT OF AM REV**
GUILFORD COURTHOUSE
15 march 1781
(cont army vs british
regulars)
(Cornwallis-glory, arrogant)
(brit win, many casualties)
**CONT ARMY/WASHINGTON NOW
EFFECTIVE FORCE**
YORKTOWN
oct 1781
(cornwallis/brit bank of
york river)
(french navy on york to
prevent brit escape while
washington on land-16000
total)
**AM + FRENCH TOGETHER VS
BRITISH**
TREATY OF PARIS
1783
(John Jay, Ben Franklin,
John Adams)
(all territory -> Miss
River, except Fl-spain)
(31st parallel)
(pres boundary us + canada)
**COLONISTS WIN**