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22 Cards in this Set

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group of leaders in the 1780s who spearheaded the drive to replace the Articles of Confederation with a stronger central government
nationalists
conference of state delegates in Annapolis, Maryland that issued a call in September 1786 for a convention to meet at Philadelphia to consider fundamental changes
Annapolis Convention
Act of Congress that implemented the judiciary clause of the Constitution by establishing the Supreme Court and a system of lower federal courts
Judiciary Act of 1789
apart from a few selected industries, this first tariff passed by Congress was intended to raise revenue and not protect American manufacturers from foreign competition
Tariff of 1789
basic law passed by Congress in 1790 which stated that the US would regulate trade and interraction with Native American tribes
Intercourse Act
Treaty of 1795 in which North Americans in the Old Northwest were forced to cede most of the present state of Ohio to the US
Treaty of Greensville
Treaty with Britain negotiated in 1794 in which the US made major concessions to avert a war over the British seizure of American ships
Jay's Treaty
the sharing of powers between the national government and the states
Federalism
party headed by Thomas Jefferson that formed in oppositionto the financial and diplomatic policies of the Federalist Party; favored limiting the powers of the national government and placing the interests of farmers over those of financial and commercial groups
republicans
diplomatic incident in 1798 in which Americans were outraged by the demand of the French for a bribe as a condition for negitiating with American diplomats
XYZ Affair
undeclared naval war of 1797 to 1800 between the US and France
Quasi-war
collective name given to 4 acts passed by Congress in 1798 that entailed freedom of speech and the liberty of foreign residents in the US
Alien and Sedition Acts
favoring the rights of individual states over rights claimed by the national government
states' rights
the right to vote in a political election
suffrage
What was the radicals' idea of regulation for the economy?
Relieve debtors and ordinary people. Creditors must accept state currency at face value instead of market value
What was Hamilton's Controversial Fiscal Program?
-government would take on all debts and pay it off
-establish a bank of America
-high tariffs to support development of economy
What was the problem between Hamilton and Jefferson? What did they support?
Their views and personalities were radically different.
Commercial vs. agarian interests
What were three parts of the Alien and Sedition Acts?
Naturalization Act
Alien and Alien Enemies Act
Sedition Act
extended period of residence to become citizen
Naturalization Act
can imprison suspected aliens during wartime
Alien and Alien Enemies Act
fines and imprisonment for talking bad about government
Sedition Act
What was the purpose of the Sedition Act?
To stop Republicans from speaking badly about the Federalists