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27 Cards in this Set

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Theodore Roosevelt
"Teddy Bear" Republican bosses considered him as dangerous and unpredictable as a rattlesnake, regulating corporations, taxing incomes, protecting workers, under no circumstances would he be a candidate for a third term. 1907 panic descended on Wall Street. "Theodore the Meddler" "Roosevelt Panic"
Square Deal
TR, capital, labor and public at large, control of the corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources, helping middle class citizens and involved attacking plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the most extreme demands of organized labor.
Henry Demarest Lloyd
1894, charged headlong into Standard oil Company with "Wealth Against Commonwealth,"
Jacob Riis
reporter for the New York Sun, shocked middle class Americans in 1890 with "How the Other Half Lives" account was damning indictment of the dirt, disease, vice and misery of the rat-gnawed human rookeries known as New York slums, deeply influenced TR
Ida Tarbell
pioneering jounalist who published and exposed Standard Oil Company, fearing legal reprisals, the muckraking magazines went to great pains and expense to check their material, paying as much as three thousand dollars to verify a single Tarbell article, most eminent woman in muckraking movement, one of the most respected business historians
Lincoln Steffens
launched a series of article in McClure's titled "The Shame of the Cities." fearlessly unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government
David Phillips
shocked nation with series in Cosmopolitan titled "The Treason of the Senate" 1906, charged that seventy five of ninety senators did not represent the people at all but the railroads and trusts
Robert M. LaFollete
"Fighting bob" governor of Wisconsin, most militant of progressive republican leaders, took power from corrupted corporations and gave it to the people.
Hiram Johnson
Republican governor of California in 1910 broke the control of Southern Pacific Railroad on Cali
Charles Evans Hughes
Representative governor of New York and investigator of malpractices by gas and insurance companies and by the coal trust
Frances E. Willard
fell on her knees in prayer on saloon floors, mobilized nearly one million women to "make the world homelike" built the Woman's christian Temperance Union into the largest organization of women in the world
Upton Sinclair
"The Jungle" published in 1906, intended to focus attention on the plight of the workers in the big canning factories, but instead he appalled the public with his description of disgustingly unsanitary food products, the book described in noxious detail the filth, disease, and putrefaction in Chicago's slaughter houses
17th Amendment
direct election of senators 1913
18th Amendment
prohibition of alcohol 1919
19th Amendment
woman's suffrage 1920
William Howard Taft
"Everybody loves a fat man", graduate of Yale second in class. Hand picked and molded for president by Roosevelt.Taft had none of the arts of a dashing political leader and none of Roosevelt's puhzaz. Had a passive attitude towards congress.
Dollar Diplomacy
Washington encouraged Wall street bankers to sluice their surplus dollars into foreign areas of strategic concern to the U.S. especially in the Far East and in the regions critical to the security of the Panama Canal. By preempting investors from rival powers, New York bankers would thus strengthen American defenses and foreign policies while bringing prosperity to the homeland.
Initiative, Referendum, Recall
Progressives plans to retake the power that had slipped into the power hungry bosses. The Initiative, voters could directly propose legislation themselves. The Referendum, This would places laws on the ballot for final approval by the people. The Recall, would enable the voters to remove faithless elected officials.
The 16th Amendment
allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on Census results
Elkins Act
1903, was aimed at the rebate evil. Heavy fines could now be imposed both on the railroads and that gave rebates and on the shippers that accepted them.
Hepburn Act
1906, Free passes, with their hint of bribery, were severely restricted. The ICC was expanded and it was extended to include express companies, sleeping car companies, and pipelines.
Northern Securities Case
was an important United States railroad trust formed in 1902 by E. H. Harriman, James J. Hill, J.P. Morgan, J. D. Rockefeller, and their associates. The company controlled the Northern Pacific Railway, Great Northern Railway, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and other associated lines. The company was sued in 1902 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 by President Theodore Roosevelt, one of the first anti-trust cases filed against corporate interests instead of labor
Meat Inspection Act
1906, Decreed that the preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to federal inspection from corral to can.
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906, designed to prevent the adulteration and mislabeling of foods and pharmaceuticals
Newlands Reclamation Act
1902, washington was authorized to collect money from the sale of public lands in the sun-baked western states and then use these funds for the development of irrigation projects.
Payne-Aldrich Act
Taft signed this betraying his campaign promises and outraging the progressive wing of his party.
Ballinger-Pinchot Affair
1910, Secretary of the interior Richard Ballinger opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana and Alaska to corporate development, was sharply criticized by Gifford Pinchot, chief of the Agriculture Departments Division of Forestry. Taft Dismissed Pinchot on insubordination