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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Liberal religious belief, held by many of the Founding Fathers, that stressed rationalism and moral behavior then Christian revelation
p. 329
Religious revival that began on the frontier and swept eastward, stirring en evangelical spirit in many areas of American life
The Second Great Awakening
p. 330
The two religious denominations that benefited from the evangelical revivals of the early nineteenth century
Methodist and Baptists
p. 330
Religious group founded by Joseph Smith that eventually established a cooperative commonwealth in Utah
Mormons; Church of Latter Day Saints
p. 332
Memorable 1848 meeting in New York where women made an appeal based on the Declaration of Indepedence
Women's Rights Convention
p. 340
Commune established in New Harmony, Indiana by Scottish industrialist Robert Owen
p. 341
Intellectual commune in Massachusetts based on "plain living and high thinking"
The Brook Farm experiment
p. 341
Jefferson's stately home in Virginia, which became a model of American classical architecture
p. 346
New York literary movement that drew on both local and national themes
Knickerbocker group?
p. 348
Philosophical and literary movement, centered in New England, that greatly influenced many American writers of the early nineteenth century
Transcendentalist movement
p. 348
The doctine, promoted by American writer Henry David Thoreau in an essay of the same name, that later influenced Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.
On the Duty of Civil Disobedience
p. 350
Walt Whitman's shocking collection of emotionals poems
Leaves of Grass
p. 350
A disturbing New England masterpiece about adultery and guilt in the old Puritan era
The Scarlet Letter; Nathaniel Hawthorne
p. 352
The great but commercially unsuccessful novel about Captain Ahab's obsessive pursuit of a white whale
Moby Dick; Herman Melville
p. 352
The masterpiece of New England writer Louisa May Alcott
Little Women (1868)
p. 352
Radical New York commune that practiced "complex marriage" and eugenic birth control
Oneida colony
Bold, unconventional poet who celebrated American democracy
The "Mormon Moses" who led persecuted Latter Day Saints to their promised land in Utah
Brigham Young
Influential evangelical revivalist of the Second Great Awakening
Charles G. Finney
New York writer whose romantic sea tales were more popular than his dark literary masterpience
James Fenimore Cooper
Long-lived early American religious sect that attracted thousands of members to its celibate communities
Idealistic Scottish industrialist whose attempt at communal utopia failed
Robert Owen
Second-rate poet and philosopher, but first-rate promoter of transcendentalist ideals and American culture and scholarship
Ralph Waldo Emerson
p. 349
Eccentric southern-born genius whose tales of mystery, suffering and the supernatural departed from general American literary trends
Edger Allen Poe
Reclusive New England poet who wrote about love, death, and immortality
Emily Dickinson
Quietly determined reformer who substantially improved conditions for the mentally ill
Dorothea Dix
p. 337
Leading feminist who wrote the "Declaration of Sentiments" in 1848 and pushed for women's suffrage
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
p. 340
Novelist whose tales of family life helped economically support her own struggling transcendentalist family
Louisa May Alcott
Path-breaking American novelist who contrasted the natural person of the forest with the values of modern civilization
Herman Melville
p. 352
Quaker women's rights advocates who also strongly supported abolition of slavery
Susan B. Anthony and Lucretia Mott
Best known of the Methodist "circuit riders" or travelling frontier preachers. Called upon sinners to repent from Tennessee to Illinois
Peter Cartwright
p. 330
Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education. He campaigned effectively for better education
Horace Mann
p. 334
"Schoolmaster of the Republic" He improved textbooks
Noah Webster
p. 335
Women's schools at secondary level becan to attain some respectability in thw 1820s, thanks to to the dedicatedd work of _. In 1821, she established TROY FEMALE SEMINARY
Emma Willard
p. 335
Established Mount Holyoke Seminary in South Hadley, Massachusetts (women's school)
Mary Lyon
p. 335
Created in 1828; society with a ringing declaration of war on war. Leaders: William Ladd
American Peace Society
p. 338
The Senenca Falls Convention launched the modern women's rights movement with its call for
Equal rights, including the right to vote
p. 340
The Brook Farm experiment inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne's classic novel: _ whose main character was modeled on the feminist writer Margaret Fuller
The Blithedale Romance (1852)
p. 341
Rhode Islander artist who produced several American portraits of Washington
Gilbert Stuart
p. 346
Marylander who painted 60 portraits or Washington
Wilson Peale
p. 346
Artist who recaptured scenes and spirit on scores of striking canvases.
John Trumbull
p. 346
After War 1812, American painters of portraits turned increasingly from human landscpares to
Mirroring of local landscapes (Hudson River school excelled in this art)
p. 346
Contributed to American folk music by capturing the plaintive spirit of the slaves
Stephen C. Foster
p. 347
First American to win internatioanl recognition as a literary figure. Published Knickerbocker's History of New York
Washington Irving
p. 348
Many of the American utopian experiments of the early nineteenth century focused on
communal economics and alternative sexual arrangements
p. 341
"Father of American History" He published a spirited, superpatriotic history of the US to 1789
George Bancott
p. 353
"Father of American History" He published a spirited, superpatriotic history of the US to 1789
George Bancott
p. 353
Cause: The Second Great Awakening
Cause: The Mormon practice of polygamy
Effect: Aroused persecution from morally traditionalist Americans and delayed statehood for Utah
Cause: Women abolitionists' anger at being ignored by male reformers
Effect: Led to expanding te crusade for equal rights to include women
Cause: The women's rights movement
Cause: Unrealistic expectations and conflict within perfectionist communes
Effect: Caused most utopian experiments to decline or collapse in a few years
Cause: The Knickerbocker and transcendentalist use of new American themes in their writing
Effect: Created the first literature genuinely native to America
Cause: Henry David Thoreau's theory of "civil disobience"
Effect: Inspired later practitioners of nonviolence like Ghandi and King
Cause: Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass
Effect: Captured in one long poem the exuberant and optimistic spirit of popular American democracy
Cause: Herman Melville's and Edgar Allen Poe's concern with evil and suffering
Effect: Made their works little understood in their lifetimes by generally optimistic Americans
Cause: The Trascendentalist movement
Effect: Helped inspire writers like Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Magaret Fuller
Period before the civil war
Antebellum Period
p. 202 s
Community based off Charles Fourier's theories of people sharing work and living arrangements
Fourier Phalanxes
p. 206 s