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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Failed 1948 legislative package proposed by President Truman. It included an expansion of Social Security, federal aid to education, a higher minimum wage, a national plan for medical insurance, and civil rights legislation for minorities.
The Fair Deal
In this 1796 statement, in which he expresses his intention not to run for a third term as president, George Washington warns of the dangers of party divisions, sectionalism, and permanent alliances with foreign nations
Farewell Address
The central banking system of the United States, established with passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, charged with the responsibility of managing the country's money supply through such means as lowering or raising interest rates. A presidentially appointed board of seven members (the Federal Reserve Board) oversees the twelve regional banks of the _______________
Federal Reserve System
These 85 newspaper essays, written in support of ratification of the Constitution of 1787 in New York by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, described the proposed plan of national government as a sure foundation for long-term political stability and enlightened legislation. Although having little effect on the ratification debate in New York, the papers soon became classics of political philosophy about the Constitution as the framework of federal government for the American republic
Federalist Papers
The "father of modern revivalism," _______ devised many techniques adopted by later revival preachers. He encouraged many women to participate actively in revival
Charles Grandison Finney
Radical leaders in the South during the years leading up to the Civil War, the __________ were persons who took an extremely pro-slavery position. They repeatedly expressed their desire to see slavery spread througout the US, and they used states' rights arguments to support their uncompromising position
Weekly radio addresses by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in which he explained his actions directly to the American people
Fireside Chats
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first 100 days in office, when he proposed and Congress passed fifteen major bills that reshaped the US economy
First 100 Days
This body was the most important expression of intercolonial protest activity up to 1774. Called in response to Parliament's Coercive Acts, the delegates met in Philadelphia for nearly two months. More radical delegates dominated the deliberations. Before dissolving itself, the Congress called for ongoing resistance, even military preparations to defend American communities, and a second congress, should King and Parliament not redress American grievances
First Continental Congress
The term for a liberated woman who bucked conventional ideas of propriety in dress and manners during the 20s
President Woodrow Wilson's formula for peace after WW1
Fourteen Points
An antislavery political party founded in 1848
Free Soil Party
(Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands) An organization of the Civil War. It provided relief, helped settle disputes, and founded schools and hospitals
Freedmen's Bureau
This law allows the public and press to request declassification of government documents
Freedom of Information Act
Civil rights activists who in 1961 demonstrated that despite a federal ban on segregated travel on interstate buses, segregation prevailed in parts of the South
Freedom Riders
Author of the Feminine Mystique, the 1963 book that articulated the discontent among white middle class housewives in the "Baby Boom" era. She founded the National Organization for Women (NOW) in 1966
Betty Friedan
The most controversial element of the Compromise of 1850, the __________ provided for the return of runaway slaves to their masters
Fugitive Slave Law
A VA slave and blacksmith who organized an attempted assault against Richmond in 1800
Founder of the nation's first school to teach deaf mutes to read and write and communicate through hand signals
Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet
The leader of radical abolitionism, _______ sought immediate freedom for slaves without compensation to their owners
William Lloyd Garrison
Republican presidential candidate in 1964, ______ spearheaded an emergent conservative drive out of the South and West. Unhappy with the nation's path toward liberalism, ____ called for more limited taxes, a reduction in legislation aiding farmers and organized labor, and a reduction of federal spending
Barry Goldwater
During the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the US policy of not interfering in the internal affairs of hemispheric neighbors
Good Neighbor Policy
The last leader of the Soviet Union, ______ adopted policies of glasnost (political liberalization) and stroika (economic reform)
Mikhail Gorbachev
The belief that God ordains certain people to amass money and use it to further God's purposes, it justified the concentration of wealth as long as the rich used their money responsibly
Gospel of Wealth
In WWII, the alliance b/w the US, Great Britain, and France
Grand Alliance
Spilling over into the colonies from a wave of revivals in Europe, the Awakening placed renewed emphasis on vital religious faith, partially in reaction to more secular, rationalist thinking characterizing the Enlightenment. Beginning as scattered revivals in the 1720s, the __________ grew into a fully developed outpouring of rejuvenated faith by the 1740s. Key figures included Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield. The ________'s legacy included more emphasis on personal choice, as opposed to state mandates about worship, in matters of religious faith
Great Awakening
The mass movement of African Americans from the South to the North during WWI
Great Migration
The liberal reform program of President Lyndon Johnson. The program included civil rights legislation, increased public spending to help the poor, Medicare and Medicaid programs, educational legislation, and liberalized immigration policies
Great Society
A political party founded in 1874 to promote the issuance of legal tender paper currency not backed by precious metals in order to inflate the money supply and relieve the suffering of people hurt by the era's deflation, most of its members merged with the Populist party
Born to a wealthy South Carolina slaveholding family, these sisters became leaderse in the abolitionist and women's rights movements
Angelina and Sarah Grimke
Following two reported attacks on the U.S.S. Maddox in 1964, American president Lyndon B. Johnson asked for and received this authorization from Congress to "take all necessary measures" to repel attacks, prevent aggression, and protect American security. It allowed Johnson to act without Congressional authorization on military matters in Vietnam
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution