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11 Cards in this Set

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As the nation's second president, _____had to deal with deteriorating relations between the United States and France. Conflicts between the two countries were evident in the XYZ Affair and the "Quasi-War" of 1798 to 1800
John Adams
Four acts passed in 1798 designed to curb criticism of the federal government. Adopted during a period of conflict with France, the acts lengthened the period before an immigrant could obtain citizenship, gave the president power to deport dangerous aliens, and provided for the prosecution of those who wrote "false, scandalous and malicious" writings against the U.S. government
Alien and Sedition Acts
In World War I, the United States, Great Britain, France and Russia, the alliance that opposed and defeated the Central Powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary, and their allies; in World War II, primarily the United States, Great Britain, (free) France, and the Soviet Union that opposed and defeated the Axis powers of Germany, Italy and Japan
Allies
Notion that America houses biologically superior people and can spread democracy to the rest of the world. An intellectual foundation of expansion and racism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centures (social Darwinism)
American Exceptionalism
A confederation of labor unions founded in 1886, it was composed mainly of skilled craft unions and was the first national labor organization to survive and experience a degree of success, largely because of its conservative leadership that accepted industrial capitalism
American Federation of Labor
Henry Clay's program for the national economy, which included a protective tariff to stimulate industry, a national bank to provide credit, and federally funded internal improvements to expand the market for farm products
American System (of Henry Clay)
A high cost of labor led to the establishment of a system of mass production through the manufacture of interchangeable parts
American System of Production
General Winfield Scott designed this strategic plan in the early days of the Civil War to give direction to the Union war effort against the South. The plan advocated a full naval blockade of the South's coastline, a military campaign to gain control of the Mississippi River, and the placement of armies at key points in the South to squeeze - like the Anaconda snake - the life out of the Confederacy. In various ways, this plan helped inform overall Union strategy in militarily defeating the South
Anaconda Plan
These were the opponents of the Constitution of 1787 who sought to continue the confederation of sovereign states and to keep power as close as possible to the people. In actuality, the Antifederalists were true federalists in seeking to balance powers among the states and the national government. Their confused identity may have cost them support in attempting to prevent ratification of the Constitution. See Federalists.
Antifederalists
Literally meaning against the laws of human governance. ________
believed that once they had earned saving grace, God would offer them direct revelation by which to order the steps of their lives. As such human institutions such as churches and government were no longer necessary. Mainline Puritans believed the Antinomianism would produce only social chaos and destroy the Bay Colony's mission, so they repudiated and even exiled prominent persons like Anne Hutchinson, who advocated such doctrines
Antinomianism
In World War II, the alliance of Germany and Italy, and later Japan
Axis Powers