Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/34

Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Drug(s) indicated for controlling hyperuricemia
Allopurinol (Zyloprim)

*not colchicine b/c it is indicated for the chronic management of gout
Vitamin B6 interaction with Levadopa
Pyridoxine, vitamin B6, in doses as low as 10 mg/day, can accelerate the rate of aromatic amino acid decarboxylation, thus increasing the peripheral conversion of levodopa to dopamine.
Active ingredients in Mylanta
Aluminum Hydroxide
Magnesium Hydroxide
Simethicone
Which is more potent, amniophylline or theophylline?
Aminophylline is the ethylenediamine salt of theophylline, and therefore has only 85% of the potency.
Pharmacokinetics of a two-compartment model when administering IV bolus
1. faster initial distribution than elimination
2. two slopes will be present when graphed
Acceptable lubricants for condoms or diaphragm
1) water-base lubricant (KY jelly)
2) spermicidal cream
**not oil-base (white vaseline, petrolatum)
Clozapine should not be initiated in patients with what baseline WBC or ANC?
WBC <3500/mm3
ANC <2000/mm3
Clozapine should be discontinued in patients with what WBC or ANC?
WBC <2000/mm3
ANC <1000/mm3

(do not rechallenge)
Examples of standard amino acid solution for TPN
Aminosyn
FreAmine

(NephrAmine is used for pts with renal impairment)
Normal chloride level
95-105mEq/L
Contents of MTE-4 & MTE-5 solution?
trace elements:
1. chromic chloride
2. Cupric sulfate
3. Manganese sulfate
4. Zice sulfate
(MTE-5): selenium
What trace elements is seldomly present in a solution of multi-trace element?
iron
Dosage form of methotrexate
tablet
powder for injection
solution for injection
Side effect of ACEI
dry cough
hypotension (first few days)
increase alertness
mood elevation
Indication of verapamil
Angina
Atrial fibrillation
Atrial flutter
Hypertension
Treatment & Prophylaxis of PSVT
What is the rate-limiting step of drug absorption, disintegration time or dissolution time?
dissolution time
What is Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?
Pathologic hypersecretory condition that may be caused by adenomas of the gastrin-producing islet cells of the pancreas. Patients with this condition experience persistent ulcer pain and diarrhea. The drug of choice for this is considered to be proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole
What is polyvinyl alcohol use for in ophthalmic solutions?
viscosity builder to increase the contact time of the ophthalmic solution with the surface of the eye
Ocupress
Carteolol

(BB, decrease output of aqueous humor)
What is EDTA, or ethylenediaminetetraacetic? acid
Chelating agent that has the ability to remove trace quantities of metals that might promote the decomposition of the active drug.
Brand names of enteric-coated aspirin
Ecotrin
Easprin
Ascriptin Enteric
Brand name of hydrochlorothiazide?
HydroDiuril
Oretic
Microzide
Esidrix
Ezide
HydroKraft
Zide
HCT 50
What does Dristan contain?
aspirin
phenylephrine
chlorpheniramine
caffeine
(for common cold)
What does Alka-Seltzer Plus contain?
Phenylephrine
Chlorpheniramine
Dextromethorphan

(no asprin which is in Dristan, also used for treating common cold)
Sular
Nisoldipine
Plendil
Felodipine
Dosage forms of ferrous sulfate?
Feosol (caplet)
tablet
liquid drops
elixir
extended-release tablet
(not injectable due to local irritation, iron sucrose & iron dextran are injection)
Sources of Vitamin B12
Foods from animal sources such as eggs, dairy products, and especially liver contain vitamin B12. Another source is shellfish.
(strict vegetarians may require supplementation)
Epsom salt
Magnesium sulfate

(topical astringent)
Betadine
povidone-iodine

viruses, Gram - and Gram +
(topical antiseptic bactericide/virucide)
How many ml is in a fluid ounce?
30ml = 1 fl oz
Percogesic
Phenyltoloxamine citrate 30mg (antihistamine)/APAP 325mg
Precription drugs effective for traveler's diarrhea?
Fluoroquinolones (DOC)
Bactrim
Doxycycline
Lyme disease is caused by what organism?
spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi

DOC doxycycline, TCN
serious cases tx with IV ceftriaxone