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106 Cards in this Set

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muscle biopsy
Removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination
A round, small bone resembling a sesame seed in shape and covering the knee joint is called a ________ bone.
sesamoid
myos/o
muscle
bone head
rounded end of a bone separated from the rest of the bone by a neck
smooth muscle
Muscle connected to internal organs, involuntary or visceral muscle
The cartilaginous area at the end of a long bone where growth takes place is called the ____________.
epiphyseal plate
ab-
away from
A series of canals containing blood vessels lie within the outer dense tissue of bone and are called the __________ canals.
haversian
supination
As applied to the hand, the act of turning the palm forward, or up
serum calcium (Ca)
test to measure the amount of calcium in the blood
fascia
Fibrous membrane separating and eveloping muscles
A thin layer of cartilage surrounding the ends of bone at the joints is __________________.
articular cartilage
poly-
many, much
DTR
deep tendon reflex
muscular dystrophy
A group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system
fissure
narrow, deep, slit-like opening
dorsi-
back
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
insertion of a muscle
Connection of the muscle to a bone that moves
cheek bone
zygomatic bone
ad-
toward
DEXA
dual energy x-ray absorptiometry; a test of bone density
striated muscle
Skeletal muscle
tuberosity
large, rounded process for attachment of muscles or tendons
pronation
As applied to the hand, that act of turning the palm forward, or down
arthrocentesis
Surgical puncture of the joint space with a needle, removing synovial fluid for analysis.
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle
occipital bone
forms the back and base of the skull
plant/o
sole of the foot
C1-C7
cervical vertebrae
my/o
muscle
bone that supports the bridge of the nose
nasal bone
plantar flexion
The motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground as when point the toes or stepping on the gas
muscle biopsy
Removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination
myocardi/o
heart muscle
two paired bones, one located at the corner of each eye
lacrimal bones
dorsiflexion
Decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward (upward).
Two mineral substances necessary for proper development of bones are __________ and ____________.
calcium and phosphorous
rotation
Circular movement around an axis
The _________ is a central, hollowed out area in the shaft of long bones.
medullary cavity
extension
Increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a limb
IM
intramuscular
skeletal muscle
Muscle connected to bones, voluntary or striated muscle
frontal bone
forms the forehead
fasci/o
fascia
Large bone cells called ____________ digest bone tissue to shape the bone and smooth it out.
osteoclasts
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue
Yellow bone marrow is composed of ________ tissue.
fat
visceral muscle
smooth muscle
The ends of a long bone are called the ___________.
epiphyses
-asthenia
lack of strength
temporal bone
bone near the ear and connecting to the lower jaw
polymyositis
Chronic inflammatory myopathy
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
origin of a muscle
Connection of the muscle to a stationary bone
Hard, dense bone tissue lying under the periosteum is _______________.
compact bone
adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body
During bone development, immature bone cells called__________ produce bony tissue.
osteoblasts
-tropy
development, nourishment
thin, flat bone forming the lower portion of the nasal septum
vomer
abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body
EMG
electromyography
flexion
Decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb
upper jaw bone
maxilla
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
The rate at which erythrocytes fall to the bottom of a test tube
arthrography
x-rays of a joint after injection of opaque contrast material
antinuclear antibody test
(ANA)
A sample of plasma is tested for the presence of antibodies that are found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
tubercle
small, rounded process for attachment of tendons or muscles
rhabdomy/o
skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
serum phosphorus (P)
Measurement of the amount of phosphorous in a serum sample
sinus
hollow cavity within the bone
serum creatine phosphokinanse
(CPK)
test for level of CPK in the blood
sphenoid bone
bat-shaped bone extending behind the eyes to form the base of the skull
ACL
anterior cruciate ligament
fossa
shallow cavity in or on a bone
bone scan
visual scan of bones after a radioactive phosphate substance is injected intravaneously
lower jaw bone
mandible
The bones of a fetus are composed mainly of ___________.
cartilage
The strong membrane surrounding the surface of bone is the ________________.
periosteum
T1-T12
Thoracic vertebrae
metaphysis
flared portion of a long bone that lies between the diaphysis and the epiphyseal plate
ethmoid bone
delicate bone, composed of spongy, cancellous tissue; supports the nasal cavity and orbits of the eye
P
phosphorus
condyle
rounded, knuckle-like process at the joint
Bone cells are called ______________.
osteocytes
foramen
opening in a bone for blood vessels and nerves
L1-L5
Lumbar vertebrae
trochanter
large process on the femur for attachment of muscles
arthroscopy
Visual examination of the inside of a joint with an endoscope.
parietal bone
forms the roof and upper side parts of the skull
ROM
range of motion
rheumatoid factor test
test for the presence of rheumatoid factor
The shaft of the long bone is called the ___________.
diaphysis
electromyography (EMG)
The process of recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation
RA
Rheumatoid Arthritis
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
RF
Rheumatoid Factor
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Ca
Calcium
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
sed rate
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
LE cell
lupus erythematosus cell
Bones are composed of bony connective tissue called __________ tissue.
osseous
arthroplasty
Surgical repair of a joint
ANA
anti nuclear antibody
Red bone marrow is found in spongy or ______________ bone.
cancellous or trabecular