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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is appendicitis?
inflammation of the appendix
What causes appendicitis?
most commonly due to obstruction or mucosal ulcerations.
If continued, what can obstruction lead to?
infection, thrombosis, necrosis and perforation.
Signs and symptoms of appendicitis
pain on walking, jumping: anorexia, nausea, nonbilious vomiting; low grade temp (higher with perforation), flushed face; lies on side with hips flexed; wbc (10-15 thou) higher with perforation, ileus in RLQ. Abdominal rigidity, rebound tenderness.
Pre op care. How to avoid rupture
no laxatives, enemas or heat application. No unnecessary movements
When to give meds with suspected appendicitis?
Meds not given until dx confirmed and ready for surgery.
Most common and most dangerous complication of appendicitis?
Rupture. Contents spill into the abdominal cavity, causing peritonitis.
Post op care, priority needs
oxygen (respiratory, hemorrhage), fluid and electrolyte balance, nutrition (diet as tolerated)