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34 Cards in this Set

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Hydrosphere
The sum of all water on a planet.
Ocean.

Type of water and percent of Hydrosphere.
Saltwater. 97.250%
Glaciers and Icebergs

Type of water and percent of Hydrosphere.
Freshwater. 2.050%
Groundwater

Type of water and percent of Hydrosphere.
Freshwater. 0.685%
Surface Water (not oceans)

Type of water and percent of Hydrosphere.
Mostly freshwater. 0.009%
Soil Moisture

Type of water and percent of Hydrosphere.
Freshwater. 0.005%
Atmospheric Moisture

Type of water and percent of Hydrosphere.
Freshwater. 0.001%
Where is the majority of earth's water supplies?
It is contained in the oceans as saltwater.
Where is the majority of earth's freshwater?
It is stored in icebergs and glaciers.
What is the largest liquid freshwater?
The groundwater.
Hydrologic cycle.
The process by which water is continuously exchanged between earth's various water source.
Transpiration.
Evaporation of water from plants.
Condensation.
The process by which a gas turns into a liquid.
Precipitation.
Water falling from the atmosphere as rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
Distillation.
Evaporation and condensation of a mixture to separate out the mixture's individual components.
Residence time.
The average time given particle will stay in a given system.
The average time a particle will be in the ocean?
4,000 years.
The average time a particle will be in a glaciers and icebergs?
1,000 years.
The average time a particle will be in groundwater?
2 weeks-1,000 years.
The average time a particle will be in soil moisture
2 weeks-1 year.
The average time a given particle will stay in the atmosphere?
10 days.
The average time a given particle will stay in lakes?
10 years.
The average time a given particle will stay in rivers?
2 weeks.
The average time a given particle will stay in swamps?
1-10 years.
The average time a given particle will stay in the atmosphere?
10 days.
The average time a given particle will stay in lakes?
10 years.
The average time a given particle will stay in rivers?
2 weeks.
The average time a given particle will stay in swamps?
1-10 years.
Salinity.
A measure of the mass of dissolved salt in a given mass of water.
Firn.
A dense, icy straight a dense icy pack of old snow.
Water table.
The line between the water-saturated soil and the soil that is not saturated with water.
Percolation.
The process by which water moves downward in the soil, towards the water table.
Adiabatic cooling.
The cooling of a gas that happens when the gas expands with no way of getting more energy.
Cloud condensation nuclei.
Small airborne particles upon which water vapor condenses to form clouds.