Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/68

Click to flip

68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Imhotep (eem' oh tep)


Module 1
An Egyptian healer from around 2650 BC. Renowned for his knowledge of medicine.
Penicillin


Module 1
A chemical that kills germs which infests wounds.
Poppy, Morphine, Codeine


Module 1
Poppy is a plant that morphine and codeine come from. Both are pain-killers that are still used today.
Papyrus (Puh pie' rus)


Module 1
A primitive form of paper maid from the long-leafed Papyrus plant.
Thales, Anaximander (an axe' uh man der), Anaximenes (an axe' uh me nees)

Module 1


Module 1
Three individuals from the 6th century BC. They are considered to be the first real scientists.
Atoms


Module 1
Small units found in everything in and around us.
Leucippus (Lew sip' us)


Module 1
A Greek scientist from around the 6th century BC. He proposed that all matter is comprised of little units called atoms.
Democritus (duh mah' crit us)


Module 1
A student of Leucippus who worked with him on his study of atoms and atomic theory.
Density


Module 1
A term that describes how tightly atoms are packed in a substance.
Aristotle


Module 1
Considered to be the father of all life science. His greatest work was his attemt to classify all plants and animals.
classification


Module 1
A concept conceived by Aristotle to group all living things into classes and groups.
Alexander the Great


Module 1
He financially supported Aristotle's efforts. He brought him samples from all the known world to classify.
spontaneous generation


Module 1
The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances.
Archimedes (ark uh me' deez)


Module 1
Lived about 100 years after Aristotle. His work was mostly in Math. He applied mathematical formulas to explain the way certain things happened the way they did.
Ptolemy (tall' uh mee)


Module 1
Lived about 100 years after Christ's birth. He studied the heavens and was one of the first to try to make a description of the planets and stars.
Ptolemaic System


Module 1
A system showing the earth at the center of the solar system.
geocentric system


Module 1
A system that emphasizes the fact that Ptolemy thought the earth was at the center of the universe.
Alchemy


Module 1
A practice of trying to take an inexpensive substance and transforming it into a valuable substance. Like turning lead into gold.
chemical reaction


Module 1
What happens when two substances are combined to form a new substance.
Dark Ages


Module 1
A time in history that very little was learned. Rome had fallen and free communication became difficult.
Encyclopedias


Module 1
Large volumes of scientific observations and speculations.
supernova


Module 1
An explosion of a star.
Chinese records from 1054 AD included this phenomenon. They did not understand it but recorded what they saw in great detail.
nebula


Module 1
A cloud of dust and gas. Because of the Chinese records scientists were able to locate the nebula created by the supernova they described.
Robert Grosseteste (grow' sug test ee)

Module 1
A bishop in the early roman Catholic church around 1200 AD. He helped develop the idea that God set laws in motion controlling nature. He also helped develop scientific methodology.
Dietrich Von Freiberg


Module 1
Another priest who came about 50 years after Grosseteste. He applied Grosseteste use of scientific methods and was able to offer an explaination of a rainbow.
Roger Bacon


Module 1
A pupil of Grosseteste. He was a staunch advocate of scientific method. He believed that the more man learned about science, the more he would know about God.
Thomas Bradwardine (brad war' deen)


Module 1
He studied Aristotle and determined that much of his beliefs were wrong. He studied how things moved. His work disproved much of the current beliefs put forth by Aristotle 300 years previous.
Nicholas of Cusa


Module 1
A Roman Catholic priest from the mid-1400's. He was interested in the idea that God was infinite. He was the first to break away from the Ptolemic System's view of earth being central.
Nicolaus Copernicus


Module 1
Lived during the 16th Century. He laid out the solar system as we know it today.
heliocentric (he' lee oh sen trik) system


Module 1
A view of the solar system with the sun (Helios) in the center.
Copernican system


Module 1
A heliocentric system of planets revolving around the sun. This term is used to honor Nicolaus Copernicus.
Andreas Vesalius (vuh sal'ee us)


Module 1
A doctor who published a work on anatomy in 1543. It is amazingly accurate.
Johannes Kepler


Module 1
Kepler studied the heavens in the late 1500's. Kepler's laws of astronomy were proven by mathematics and added weight to the heliocentric view of the solar system.
Galileo (gal uh lay' oh) Galilei (gal uh lay')


Module 1
Often referred to as Galileo. He claimed to be the first to invent the telescope but actually copied it from something he heard about. He did collected data with it that proved the heliocentric view.
Blaise ( blaze) Pascal (pass' kal)


Module 1
A brilliant philosopher, mathematichan and scientist from the mid-1600's. He was also a strong Christian. He studied air and liquids.
Atmospheric pressure


Module 1
Demonstrated by Pascal that the air we breathe exerts pressure on everything.
Sir Isaac Newton


Module 1
A Christian scientist from the 1700's. He wrote Principia (prin sip' ee ah). A 3-volume scientific work. He is best known for his Law of Gravity.
Robert Boyle


Module 1
Founder of modern chemistry. Also a devout Christian.
Antoni (an' ton ee) van Leeuwonhoek (lew' en hook)


Module 1
He revolutionized the study of life by building the first microscope.
Microscope


Module 1
A device used to magnify things.
Enlightenment


Module 1
A period of history where science stopped relying on authority of past scientists. They sought to prove and examine for themselves. They also started to move away from a Biblical worldview.
Carrolus (care' uh lus) Linnaeus (lih nay' us)


Module 1
He published a book in 1735 attempting to classify living things. He had a view that God was very organized with His creation.
Antoine-Laurent (an twon' law rent') Lavoisier (luh bwah' see aye)

Module 1
Studied chemical reactions in a systematic way. He determined that matter cannot be created or destryed - it can only change forms.
Law of Mass Conversion


Module 1
The belief that matter cannot be created or destroyed. It can only change form.
combustion


Module 1
The process of burning.
John Dalton


Module 1
A Quaker that did many experiments with gasses. His most important work was his atomic theory.
atomic theory


Module 1
A work by John Dalton that built on Democritus and others. A few of his ideas were wrong but most are correct.
Industrial Revolution


Module 1
A period of time which inventors made machines to make work faster and more productive. Devices turend hours of manual labor into minutes of work.
Charles R. Darwin


Module 1
Published a book in 1859 called On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Solecton or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (or Origin of the Species). He was the first to propose the theory of evolution.
immutability of the species


Module 1
The proposal that every creature that exists today has existed trhoughout history.
natural selection


Module 1
Natural selection proves that the immutability of the species is incorrect.
Louis Pasteur


Module 1
A scientist that destroied the idea of spontaneous generation. He also studied bacteria and developed the process of pasteurization which we still use today. He developed the foundation for most of today's vaccines.
geology


Module 1
The study of rocks.
Sir Charles Lyell


Module 1
Used geology to study rocks and fossils. He proposed the scientific view of an ancient earth.
Gregor Mendel


Module 1
An Augustinian monk who studied reproduction and genetics.
Genetics


Module 1
The study of how traits are passed on from parent to offspring.
Michael Faraday


Module 1
Did studies of electricity and magnetism. Called "the electrical giant".
James Clerk Maxwell


Module 1
Known as the founder of modern physics.
electromagnetism


Module 1
Maxwell used Faraday's principles with his own mathematical formulas to show that electricity and magnetism were different aspects of the same process.
James Joule


Module 1
Bult on the work of Lavoisier. He determinded that like matter, energy cannot be created or destroyed, only change form.
First Law of Thermodynamics


Module 1
The law that energy cannot be changed or destroyed, only changed in form. It is the guiding principle in the study of energy.
Max Planck


Module 1
He proposed that energy eists in small packets that he called quanta (quan' tah). Much of what he put forth we call Quantum Mechanics.
quantum mechanics


Module 1
The study of energy and matter on the atomic level.
Albert Einstein


Module 1
A brilliant scientist that was able to explain much of Planck's quantum mechanics theories.
Niels Bohr


Module 1
He developed a picture of the atom.
Bohr Model


Module 1
A picture of the atom based on solid mathematics.
special theory of relativity


Module 1
An explaination of how matter is just another form of energy. E=mc2 Einstein
general theory of relativity


Module 1
An explaination of how gravity works. Einstein