Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energy and simple chemical building blocks to produce large chemicals and structures necessary for life
Abiogenesis
The theory that, long ago, very simple life forms spontaneously appeared through random chemical reactions
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction accomplished by a single organism
Autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Binomial nomenclature
Naming an organism with its genus and species name
Catabolism
processes in an organism which break down chemicals to produce energy and simple chemical building blocks
Carnivores
Organisms that eat only organisms other than plants
Consumers
Organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food
Decomposers
Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms
Eukaryotic cell
A cell with distinct, membrane-bound organelles
Herbivores
Organisms that eat plants exclusively
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food
Hypothesis
An educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or answer a question
Inheritance
The process by which physical and biological characteristics are transmitted from the parent (or parents) to the offspring
Metabolism
The process by which a living organism takes energy from its surroundings and uses it to sustain itself, develop, and grow
Microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
Mutation
An abrupt and marked difference between offspring and parent
Omnivores
Organisms that eat both plants and other organisms
Photosynthesis
The process by which a plant uses the energy of sunlight and certain chemicals to produce its own food. Oxygen is often a by-product of photosynthesis
Producers
Organisms that produce their own food
Prokaryotic cell
A cell that has no distinct, membrane-bound organelles
Scientific law
A theory that has been tested by and is consistent with generations of data
Sexual reproduction
Reproduction that requires two organisms, a male and a female
Receptors
Special structures or chemicals that allow living organisms to sense the conditions of their surroundings
Species
A unit of one or more populations of individuals that can reproduce under normal conditions, produce fertile offspring, and are reproductively isolated from other such units
Taxonomy
The science of classifying organisms
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount of data