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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
contrite, adj
1 : grieving and penitent for sin or shortcoming; 2 : proceeding from contrition <contrite sighs>
contumely, n
: harsh language or treatment arising from haughtiness and contempt; also : an instance of such language or treatment
convivial, adj
: relating to, occupied with, or fond of feasting, drinking, and good company
copious, adj
1 a : yielding something abundantly <a copious harvest> <copious springs> b : plentiful in number <copious references to other writers> 2 a : full of thought, information, or matter b : profuse or exuberant in words, expression, or style <a copious talker> 3 : present in large quantity : taking place on a large scale <copious weeping> <copious food and drink> synonym see PLENTIFUL
corollary, n
1 : a proposition inferred immediately from a proved proposition with little or no additional proof 2 a : something that naturally follows : RESULT b : something that incidentally or naturally accompanies or parallels
corporeal, adj
1 : having, consisting of, or relating to a physical material body: as a : not spiritual b : not immaterial or intangible : SUBSTANTIAL 2 archaic : CORPORAL synonym see MATERIAL
corroborate, v
"to support with evidence or authority : make more certain
coterie, n
: an intimate and often exclusive group of persons with a unifying common interest or purpose
covenant, n
1 : a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement : COMPACT 2 a : a written agreement or promise usually under seal between two or more parties especially for the performance of some action b : the common-law action to recover damages for breach of such a contract
cower, v
: to shrink away or crouch especially for shelter from something that menaces, domineers, or dismays synonym see FAWN
craven, adj
1 archaic : DEFEATED, VANQUISHED 2 : lacking the least bit of courage : contemptibly fainthearted synonym see COWARDLY
credence, n
1 a : mental acceptance as true or real <give credence to gossip> b : CREDIBILITY 1 <lends credence to the theory> 2 : CREDENTIALS -- used in the phrase letters of credence 3 [Middle French, from Old Italian credenza] : a Renaissance sideboard used chiefly for valuable plate 4 : a small table where the bread and wine rest before consecration synonym see BELIEF
crony, n
: a close friend especially of long standing : PAL
crux, n
1 : a puzzling or difficult problem : an unsolved question 2 : an essential point requiring resolution or resolving an outcome <the crux of the problem> 3 : a main or central feature (as of an argument)
culinary, adj
: of or relating to the kitchen or cookery
culmination, n
1 : the action of culminating 2 : culminating position : CLIMAX synonym see SUMMIT
culpable, adj
1 archaic : GUILTY, CRIMINAL 2 : meriting condemnation or blame especially as wrong or harmful <culpable negligence> synonym see BLAMEWORTHY
cumbrous, adj
: CUMBERSOME synonym see HEAVY
cursory, adj
rapidly and often superficially performed or produced : HASTY <a cursory glance> synonym see SUPERFICIAL
curtail, v
: to make less by or as if by cutting off or away some part <curtail the power of the executive branch> <curtail inflation> synonym see SHORTEN
cynic, n
1 capitalized : an adherent of an ancient Greek school of philosophers who held the view that virtue is the only good and that its essence lies in self-control and independence 2 : a faultfinding captious critic; especially : one who believes that human conduct is motivated wholly by self-interest
daunt, v
: to lessen the courage of : COW, SUBDUE synonym see DISMAY
dawdle, v
1 : to spend time idly 2 : to move lackadaisically <dawdled up the hill> transitive senses : to spend fruitlessly or lackadaisically <dawdled the day away> synonym see DELAY
dearth, n
1 : scarcity that makes dear; specifically : FAMINE 2 : an inadequate supply : LACK
debility, n
decorum, n
1 : literary and dramatic propriety : FITNESS 2 : propriety and good taste in conduct or appearance 3 : ORDERLINESS 4 plural : the conventions of polite behavior
decrepit, adj
1 : wasted and weakened by or as if by the infirmities of old age 2 a : impaired by use or wear : WORN-OUT b : fallen into ruin or disrepair 3 : DILAPIDATED, RUN-DOWN
deference, n
respect and esteem due a superior or an elder; also : affected or ingratiating regard for another's wishes synonym see HONOR
degenerate, n
one that is degenerate: as a : one degraded from the normal moral standard b : a sexual pervert c : one showing signs of reversion to an earlier culture stage
delineate, v
1 a : to indicate or represent by drawn or painted lines b : to mark the outline of <lights delineating the narrow streets> 2 : to describe, portray, or set forth with accuracy or in detail <delineate a character in the story> <delineate the steps to be taken by the government>
demeanor, n
: behavior toward others : outward manner synonym see BEARING
denotation, n
1 : an act or process of denoting 2 : MEANING; especially : a direct specific meaning as distinct from an implied or associated idea 3 a : a denoting term : NAME b : SIGN, INDICATION <visible denotations of divine wrath> 4 : the totality of things to which a term is applicable especially in logic -- compare CONNOTATION
deplore, v
1 a : to feel or express grief for b : to regret strongly 2 : to consider unfortunate or deserving of deprecation ynonyms DEPLORE, LAMENT, BEWAIL, BEMOAN mean to express grief or sorrow for something. DEPLORE implies regret for the loss or impairment of something of value <deplores the breakdown in family values>. LAMENT implies a profound or demonstrative expression of sorrow <lamenting the loss of their only child>. BEWAIL and BEMOAN imply sorrow, disappointment, or protest finding outlet in words or cries, BEWAIL commonly suggesting loudness, and BEMOAN lugubriousness <fans bewailed the defeat> <purists bemoaning the corruption of the language>.
deploy, v
1 a : to extend (a military unit) especially in width b : to place in battle formation or appropriate positions 2 : to spread out, utilize, or arrange especially strategically intransitive senses : to move in being deployed
depraved, adj
archaic : to speak ill of : MALIGN 2 : to make bad : CORRUPT; especially : to corrupt morally synonym see DEBASE
derelict, n
1 a : something voluntarily abandoned; specifically : a ship abandoned on the high seas b : a tract of land left dry by receding water 2 : a destitute homeless social misfit : VAGRANT, BUM
derision, n
1 a : the use of ridicule or scorn to show contempt b : a state of being derided 2 : an object of ridicule or scorn
derogatory, adj
1 : detracting from the character or standing of something -- often used with to, of, or from 2 : expressive of a low opinion : DISPARAGING <derogatory remarks>
desecrate, v
1 : to violate the sanctity of : PROFANE 2 : to treat disrespectfully, irreverently, or outrageously <the kind of shore development ... that has desecrated so many waterfronts -- John Fischer>
desiccate, v
1 : to dry up 2 : to preserve (a food) by drying : DEHYDRATE 3 : to drain of emotional or intellectual vitality intransitive senses : to become dried up
desist, v
: to cease to proceed or act synonym see STOP
desolate, adj
1 : devoid of inhabitants and visitors : DESERTED 2 : joyless, disconsolate, and sorrowful through or as if through separation from a loved one 3 a : showing the effects of abandonment and neglect : DILAPIDATED b : BARREN, LIFELESS <a desolate landscape> c : devoid of warmth, comfort, or hope : GLOOMY <desolate memories> synonym see ALONE
despondent, adj
: feeling or showing extreme discouragement, dejection, or depression <despondent about his health> synonyms DESPONDENT, DESPAIRING, DESPERATE, HOPELESS mean having lost all or nearly all hope. DESPONDENT implies a deep dejection arising from a conviction of the uselessness of further effort <despondent about yet another rejection>. DESPAIRING suggests the slipping away of all hope and often despondency <despairing appeals for the return of the kidnapped child>. DESPERATE implies despair that prompts reckless action or violence in the face of defeat or frustration <one last desperate attempt to turn the tide of battle>. HOPELESS suggests despair and the cessation of effort or resistance and often implies acceptance or resignation <the situation of the trapped miners is hopeless>.